Prevalence and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Korean Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153029
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Korean Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Study
Abstract:
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Korean Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Park, Jin Hee, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Ajou University
Title:Full-time Lecturer
Co-Authors:Youn-Jung Son, PhD; Eun-Young Cheon, PhD, RN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Purpose: The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and to identify the role of psychological factors (stress, anxiety, depression) and premenstrual syndromes (PMS) on IBS prevalence. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study on 405 students from freshman to senior of high schools in Korea. All students were requested to fill in a self-reported questionnaire. IBS was diagnosed based on the Rome II criteria. For the evaluation of risk factors on the IBS, we surveyed dietary habit, lifestyle, past medical history, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) for anxiety and depression, the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument for stress, and Menstrual Distress Questionnaire for PMS. Data were analyzed by chi-squared test and multiple logistic regressions. Results: The prevalence of IBS was 25.7% in Korean high-school girls. There was significantly increased prevalence of IBS if subjects had higher stress levels (p Conclusions: The prevalence of IBS in high school students from this study was higher compared with those reported in adults. This study shows that anxiety, depression and stress were significantly related to IBS. From our study, we found that there are multifaceted health aspects required to reduce symptoms, such as education and encouragement to change lifestyle for psychological distress.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Korean Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153029-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence and Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Korean Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Park, Jin Hee, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Ajou University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Full-time Lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jhee@ajou.ac.kr</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Youn-Jung Son, PhD; Eun-Young Cheon, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Purpose: The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and to identify the role of psychological factors (stress, anxiety, depression) and premenstrual syndromes (PMS) on IBS prevalence. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study on 405 students from freshman to senior of high schools in Korea. All students were requested to fill in a self-reported questionnaire. IBS was diagnosed based on the Rome II criteria. For the evaluation of risk factors on the IBS, we surveyed dietary habit, lifestyle, past medical history, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) for anxiety and depression, the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument for stress, and Menstrual Distress Questionnaire for PMS. Data were analyzed by chi-squared test and multiple logistic regressions. Results: The prevalence of IBS was 25.7% in Korean high-school girls. There was significantly increased prevalence of IBS if subjects had higher stress levels (p Conclusions: The prevalence of IBS in high school students from this study was higher compared with those reported in adults. This study shows that anxiety, depression and stress were significantly related to IBS. From our study, we found that there are multifaceted health aspects required to reduce symptoms, such as education and encouragement to change lifestyle for psychological distress.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T11:59:35Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T11:59:35Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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