2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153053
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Psychological Abuse by An Intimate Partner in Chinese Pregnant Women
Abstract:
Psychological Abuse by An Intimate Partner in Chinese Pregnant Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Tiwari, Agnes F. Y., PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Hong Kong
Title:Associate Professor
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Intimate partner violence during pregnancy has been well researched but the focus is mainly on physical abuse. Relatively little attention has been given to psychological abuse even though it has been associated with adverse mental health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of psychological intimate partner abuse on the mental health of Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong. A population-based survey was conducted in seven public hospitals between 1 July 2005 and 30 April 2006. A total of 3245 Chinese pregnant women were recruited. The Abuse Assessment Screen and demographic questionnaires were administered face-to-face at 32-36 weeks of gestation. At one week postpartum, the Abuse Assessment Screen, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and SF-12 Health Survey were administered by telephone. Among the respondents, 296 (9.1%) reported abuse by an intimate partner in the past year. Of those abused, 216 (73%) reported psychological abuse only and 80 (27%) reported physical and/or sexual abuse. Forty-six (57.5%) in the physical and/or sexual abuse group also reported psychological abuse. Women who reported only psychological abuse were found to have a higher risk of postnatal depression compared with non-abused women (adjusted OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.12 - 3.02). They were also at a higher risk of thinking about harming themselves (adjusted OR: 3.50, 95% CI: 1.49 - 8.20) and had significantly poorer mental health-related quality of life (P <.001). On the contrary, the higher risks of postnatal depression and thinking of harming themselves were not observed in the physical and/or sexual abuse group although significantly poorer mental health-related quality of life (P <.001) was observed. In a shame-oriented Chinese society, it is possible that women may be more vulnerable to the effect of psychological abuse. This underscores the importance of identifying psychological abuse among Chinese women and providing timely interventions.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePsychological Abuse by An Intimate Partner in Chinese Pregnant Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153053-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Psychological Abuse by An Intimate Partner in Chinese Pregnant Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tiwari, Agnes F. Y., PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Hong Kong</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">afytiwar@hkucc.hku.hk</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Intimate partner violence during pregnancy has been well researched but the focus is mainly on physical abuse. Relatively little attention has been given to psychological abuse even though it has been associated with adverse mental health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of psychological intimate partner abuse on the mental health of Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong. A population-based survey was conducted in seven public hospitals between 1 July 2005 and 30 April 2006. A total of 3245 Chinese pregnant women were recruited. The Abuse Assessment Screen and demographic questionnaires were administered face-to-face at 32-36 weeks of gestation. At one week postpartum, the Abuse Assessment Screen, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and SF-12 Health Survey were administered by telephone. Among the respondents, 296 (9.1%) reported abuse by an intimate partner in the past year. Of those abused, 216 (73%) reported psychological abuse only and 80 (27%) reported physical and/or sexual abuse. Forty-six (57.5%) in the physical and/or sexual abuse group also reported psychological abuse. Women who reported only psychological abuse were found to have a higher risk of postnatal depression compared with non-abused women (adjusted OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.12 - 3.02). They were also at a higher risk of thinking about harming themselves (adjusted OR: 3.50, 95% CI: 1.49 - 8.20) and had significantly poorer mental health-related quality of life (P &lt;.001). On the contrary, the higher risks of postnatal depression and thinking of harming themselves were not observed in the physical and/or sexual abuse group although significantly poorer mental health-related quality of life (P &lt;.001) was observed. In a shame-oriented Chinese society, it is possible that women may be more vulnerable to the effect of psychological abuse. This underscores the importance of identifying psychological abuse among Chinese women and providing timely interventions.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:00:34Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:00:34Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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