Increasing HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Chilean Women: An Example of an Effective, Culturally-Adapted, Nursing Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153086
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Increasing HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Chilean Women: An Example of an Effective, Culturally-Adapted, Nursing Intervention
Abstract:
Increasing HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Chilean Women: An Example of an Effective, Culturally-Adapted, Nursing Intervention
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Cianelli, Rosina, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Sarah M. Miner, RN, MSN; Lilian Ferrer, PhD; Natalia Villegas, RN, MSN; Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN
[Research Presentation] Purpose: HIV/AIDS prevention is a global public health priority. Despite the feminization and heterosexualization of HIV/AIDS in Chile, there are few programs designed for the prevention needs of Chilean women (CONASIDA, 2005; UNAIDS, 2007). While there are multiple aspects of a program that need to be addressed in order to make HIV prevention effective, knowledge surrounding HIV/AIDS is fundamental to having a better understanding of how this disease is spread and therefore how to prevent it. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention on HIV/AIDS related knowledge among Chilean women. Methods: An experimental, longitudinal study examined the impact of the "Mano a Mano" prevention intervention on HIV related knowledge among Chilean women (RO1 TW006977. PI Cianelli). Participants were recruited from two low income communities in Santiago (intervention= 244, Control =252). Outcomes were evaluated at three points in time, baseline (pre-intervention), post- intervention or 6 weeks, and 3 months post. Analysis was performed using ANOVA with repeated measures and t-test. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between intervention and control groups and across the three measures in time (F=93.33, p<0.05).  Statistically significant increases in HIV related knowledge were found among the intervention group post intervention ( t=-16.54, p<0.05) and 3 months post(t=16.334, p<0.05), while there was no change in knowledge in the control group (p>0.05). Additionally  intervention groups demonstrated higher scores than control at  6 weeks(t=10.65, p< 0.05) and 3 months post intervention (t= 9.78, p<0.05) Conclusion: This HIV intervention was effective in creating positive changes in knowledge among Chilean women, demonstrating that culturally adapted, nursing HIV prevention interventions can be successful. HIV/AIDS related knowledge is a protective factor in the prevention of HIV, and because of this it is necessary for nursing to include it in the realization of effective prevention programs.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleIncreasing HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Chilean Women: An Example of an Effective, Culturally-Adapted, Nursing Interventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153086-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Increasing HIV/AIDS Knowledge among Chilean Women: An Example of an Effective, Culturally-Adapted, Nursing Intervention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Cianelli, Rosina, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">rcianelli@miami.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Sarah M. Miner, RN, MSN; Lilian Ferrer, PhD; Natalia Villegas, RN, MSN; Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: HIV/AIDS prevention is a global public health priority. Despite the feminization and heterosexualization of HIV/AIDS in Chile, there are few programs designed for the prevention needs of Chilean women (CONASIDA, 2005; UNAIDS, 2007). While there are multiple aspects of a program that need to be addressed in order to make HIV prevention effective, knowledge surrounding HIV/AIDS is fundamental to having a better understanding of how this disease is spread and therefore how to prevent it. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention on HIV/AIDS related knowledge among Chilean women. Methods: An experimental, longitudinal study examined the impact of the &quot;Mano a Mano&quot; prevention intervention on HIV related knowledge among Chilean women (RO1 TW006977. PI Cianelli). Participants were recruited from two low income communities in Santiago (intervention= 244, Control =252). Outcomes were evaluated at three points in time, baseline (pre-intervention), post- intervention or 6 weeks, and 3 months post. Analysis was performed using ANOVA with repeated measures and t-test. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between intervention and control groups and across the three measures in time (F=93.33, p&lt;0.05).&nbsp; Statistically significant increases in HIV related knowledge were found among the intervention group post intervention ( t=-16.54, p&lt;0.05) and 3 months post(t=16.334, p&lt;0.05), while there was no change in knowledge in the control group (p&gt;0.05). Additionally&nbsp; intervention groups demonstrated higher scores than control at &nbsp;6 weeks(t=10.65, p&lt; 0.05) and 3 months post intervention (t= 9.78, p&lt;0.05) Conclusion: This HIV intervention was effective in creating positive changes in knowledge among Chilean women, demonstrating that culturally adapted, nursing HIV prevention interventions can be successful. HIV/AIDS related knowledge is a protective factor in the prevention of HIV, and because of this it is necessary for nursing to include it in the realization of effective prevention programs.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:02:00Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:02:00Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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