The Effects of Different CPR Training on the Adequacy of Ventilation and Chest Compressions

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153170
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effects of Different CPR Training on the Adequacy of Ventilation and Chest Compressions
Abstract:
The Effects of Different CPR Training on the Adequacy of Ventilation and Chest Compressions
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Mancini, Mary B., RN, PhD, CNA, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Texas at Arlington
Title:Associate Dean of Undergraduate Program
Co-Authors:Carolyn L. Cason, RN, PhD and Mary A. Cazzell, RN, BSN
[Research Presentation] Because neurologically intact survival is of utmost priority following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), all rescuers must provide adequate number and depth of chest compressions with minimal interruption from ventilations. In an effort to maximize coronary and cerebral perfusion, the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for CPR simplified compression: ventilation ratios across the lifespan to 30: 2.áResearch has shown that laypersons enrolled in traditional 4-hour CPR classes are failing to master skills or retain content. The literature suggests that alternative instructional modalities (self-managed and facilitator-managed) promote CPR skill efficacy when compared with traditional 4-hour CPR training. In this study, CPR knowledge and skill performances were evaluated among laypersons over the age of 18 years who learned CPR for the first time via self-managed video (n = 84), facilitator-managed video (n = 45), and traditional class (n = 72). All learning occurred in a controlled environment, with both learning and skill performances videotaped. CPR performance was evaluated by an observer using the AHA skills checklist and by sensored manikins equipped with Laerdal Heartsaver computer software. There were no significant differences in number of adequate compressions or duty cycle with self-managed video and traditional classes. Those who learned via self-managed video had significantly fewer adequate ventilations than did those who learned via traditional method. Those who learned via facilitator-managed video consistently underperformed those who learned with self-managed video or traditional instruction. While the search continues for a course that results in high-level CPR performance, this study indicates that compared to traditional courses, self-managed video learning is a viable approach to CPR education. Self-managed video has the added benefits of being more accessible and time efficient (about 25 minutes).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effects of Different CPR Training on the Adequacy of Ventilation and Chest Compressionsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153170-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effects of Different CPR Training on the Adequacy of Ventilation and Chest Compressions</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mancini, Mary B., RN, PhD, CNA, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Texas at Arlington</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean of Undergraduate Program</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mancini@uta.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Carolyn L. Cason, RN, PhD and Mary A. Cazzell, RN, BSN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Because neurologically intact survival is of utmost priority following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), all rescuers must provide adequate number and depth of chest compressions with minimal interruption from ventilations. In an effort to maximize coronary and cerebral perfusion, the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for CPR simplified compression: ventilation ratios across the lifespan to 30: 2.&aacute;Research has shown that laypersons enrolled in traditional 4-hour CPR classes are failing to master skills or retain content. The literature suggests that alternative instructional modalities (self-managed and facilitator-managed) promote CPR skill efficacy when compared with traditional 4-hour CPR training. In this study, CPR knowledge and skill performances were evaluated among laypersons over the age of 18 years who learned CPR for the first time via self-managed video (n = 84), facilitator-managed video (n = 45), and traditional class (n = 72). All learning occurred in a controlled environment, with both learning and skill performances videotaped. CPR performance was evaluated by an observer using the AHA skills checklist and by sensored manikins equipped with Laerdal Heartsaver computer software. There were no significant differences in number of adequate compressions or duty cycle with self-managed video and traditional classes. Those who learned via self-managed video had significantly fewer adequate ventilations than did those who learned via traditional method. Those who learned via facilitator-managed video consistently underperformed those who learned with self-managed video or traditional instruction. While the search continues for a course that results in high-level CPR performance, this study indicates that compared to traditional courses, self-managed video learning is a viable approach to CPR education. Self-managed video has the added benefits of being more accessible and time efficient (about 25 minutes).</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:05:25Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:05:25Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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