Trait Anxiety, Personality Hardiness and Burnout among Nurses Working in Highly Specialized Units

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153257
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Trait Anxiety, Personality Hardiness and Burnout among Nurses Working in Highly Specialized Units
Abstract:
Trait Anxiety, Personality Hardiness and Burnout among Nurses Working in Highly Specialized Units
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Hendel, Tova, RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Tel Aviv University
Title:Senior Teacher, Head Baccalaureate Program
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background The ICUs are stressful environments to work in due to the use of highly advanced technology, the need to make quick decisions and the other daily challenges of caring for severely ill patients. The repeated exposure to stress events may harm nurses' ability to function effectively and influence their susceptibility to burnout. Nurses' ability to adapt to stress and cope effectively depends not only on the characteristics of the stressors and on the working environment characteristics but on their unique characteristics and available repertoire of coping mechanisms. Type of nursing unit was found in several studies as one of the work characteristics significantly correlated with burnout. The study examined two personality characteristics, trait anxiety and hardiness, that may affect burnout among nurses working in intensive care units. Method This quantitative study was conducted at Rabin medical center in the center of Israel. Sample- Consisted of 80 nurses working in highly specialized/ technology rich units: cardiovascular, neurosurgical, nephrology and respiratory units. Instrument- data were collected through 4 part structured questionnaire: 1) The Hardiness questionnaire (Kobasa, 1979); 2) Trait anxiety questionnaire (Spilberger, 1970); 3) The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1982); 4) Demographic data. Main results * Level of hardiness was found to have a significant effect on burnout (p= 0.012), with inverse relationship. * Level of trait anxiety was not found to be correlated with burnout symptoms. * Of all demographic characteristics, only nurse' position was found to have a significant effect on burnout (p=0.032). * In the final prediction model we found that hardiness and position explained significantly 28% of the burnout variability among nurses working in ICUs (p=0.000). Conclusion Nurses' personal hardiness, especially among those in management positions in highly specialized units, influences their ability to adapt to their stressful work environment. Efforts directed toward reducing burnout will be discussed.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTrait Anxiety, Personality Hardiness and Burnout among Nurses Working in Highly Specialized Unitsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153257-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Trait Anxiety, Personality Hardiness and Burnout among Nurses Working in Highly Specialized Units</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hendel, Tova, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Tel Aviv University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Senior Teacher, Head Baccalaureate Program</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tdhendel@zahav.net.il</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background The ICUs are stressful environments to work in due to the use of highly advanced technology, the need to make quick decisions and the other daily challenges of caring for severely ill patients. The repeated exposure to stress events may harm nurses' ability to function effectively and influence their susceptibility to burnout. Nurses' ability to adapt to stress and cope effectively depends not only on the characteristics of the stressors and on the working environment characteristics but on their unique characteristics and available repertoire of coping mechanisms. Type of nursing unit was found in several studies as one of the work characteristics significantly correlated with burnout. The study examined two personality characteristics, trait anxiety and hardiness, that may affect burnout among nurses working in intensive care units. Method This quantitative study was conducted at Rabin medical center in the center of Israel. Sample- Consisted of 80 nurses working in highly specialized/ technology rich units: cardiovascular, neurosurgical, nephrology and respiratory units. Instrument- data were collected through 4 part structured questionnaire: 1) The Hardiness questionnaire (Kobasa, 1979); 2) Trait anxiety questionnaire (Spilberger, 1970); 3) The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach &amp; Jackson, 1982); 4) Demographic data. Main results * Level of hardiness was found to have a significant effect on burnout (p= 0.012), with inverse relationship. * Level of trait anxiety was not found to be correlated with burnout symptoms. * Of all demographic characteristics, only nurse' position was found to have a significant effect on burnout (p=0.032). * In the final prediction model we found that hardiness and position explained significantly 28% of the burnout variability among nurses working in ICUs (p=0.000). Conclusion Nurses' personal hardiness, especially among those in management positions in highly specialized units, influences their ability to adapt to their stressful work environment. Efforts directed toward reducing burnout will be discussed.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:09:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:09:07Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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