Comparative Analysis of Three Screening Questionnaires for Depression among College Students in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153262
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparative Analysis of Three Screening Questionnaires for Depression among College Students in Taiwan
Abstract:
Comparative Analysis of Three Screening Questionnaires for Depression among College Students in Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Huang, Tzu-Ting, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Chang Gung University
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Shu-Chen Wu, MSN, RN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Depressive symptoms occur in 24.1% of college students in Taiwan, with a higher prevalence among freshmen. To determine the best screening instrument for depressive symptoms among college freshmen, this study compared the validities of the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ), Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). A randomized sample of 172 college freshmen completed 3 depression-screening questionnaires and was assessed by psychiatrists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) based on DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. Criterion validity and receiver operation characteristics were determined for the 3 scales. The point and lifetime prevalences of depression determined by the MINI in this sample of college freshmen were 2.33% and 4.65%, respectively. The TDQ showed excellent internal consistency (.91), convergent validity (.83), strong correlation with DSM-IV depression diagnostic criteria (effect size r=.3870), and operating characteristics (areas under the curve were .97). All 3 scales had cutoff points for screening depression of 1.0. Corresponding specificities were .89 (TDQ), .86 (BDI-II), and .65 (CES-D); overall accuracies were .89 (TDQ), .87 (BDI-II), and .66 (CES-D). Only 4 cases of depression were diagnosed by psychiatrists according to DSM-IV criteria, limiting analysis of screening ability for different diagnoses of depression. The TDQ was the most accurate screening tool in terms of matching DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and indices of quality in screening tools. The short completion time, safety, low cost, and simplicity of the TDQ make it a valid tool for screening depression among college students in Taiwan.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparative Analysis of Three Screening Questionnaires for Depression among College Students in Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153262-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Comparative Analysis of Three Screening Questionnaires for Depression among College Students in Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Huang, Tzu-Ting, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Chang Gung University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">thuang@mail.cgu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Shu-Chen Wu, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Depressive symptoms occur in 24.1% of college students in Taiwan, with a higher prevalence among freshmen. To determine the best screening instrument for depressive symptoms among college freshmen, this study compared the validities of the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ), Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). A randomized sample of 172 college freshmen completed 3 depression-screening questionnaires and was assessed by psychiatrists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) based on DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. Criterion validity and receiver operation characteristics were determined for the 3 scales. The point and lifetime prevalences of depression determined by the MINI in this sample of college freshmen were 2.33% and 4.65%, respectively. The TDQ showed excellent internal consistency (.91), convergent validity (.83), strong correlation with DSM-IV depression diagnostic criteria (effect size r=.3870), and operating characteristics (areas under the curve were .97). All 3 scales had cutoff points for screening depression of 1.0. Corresponding specificities were .89 (TDQ), .86 (BDI-II), and .65 (CES-D); overall accuracies were .89 (TDQ), .87 (BDI-II), and .66 (CES-D). Only 4 cases of depression were diagnosed by psychiatrists according to DSM-IV criteria, limiting analysis of screening ability for different diagnoses of depression. The TDQ was the most accurate screening tool in terms of matching DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and indices of quality in screening tools. The short completion time, safety, low cost, and simplicity of the TDQ make it a valid tool for screening depression among college students in Taiwan.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:09:18Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:09:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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