The Relationship Among Selected Risk Factors, Resilience, and Psychological Distress of Older Women in the Post 9/11 Environment

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153271
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship Among Selected Risk Factors, Resilience, and Psychological Distress of Older Women in the Post 9/11 Environment
Abstract:
The Relationship Among Selected Risk Factors, Resilience, and Psychological Distress of Older Women in the Post 9/11 Environment
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Lamet, Ann R., PhD, ARNP
P.I. Institution Name:Barry University
Title:Assistant Professor
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background and Purpose: Older adults lived through World War II and experienced or witnessed devastating events. In wake of the national trauma that occurred on September 11, 2001, (9/11) these individuals are once again confronted with a potential threat to their safety. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between selected risk factors, resilience, and psychological distress in the post 9/11 environment in two groups that are known to be at high risk for psychological distress; older adults and older Holocaust survivors. Theoretical Framework: Theories of risk and resilience provide a framework for understanding the complex factors associated with the susceptibility of individuals with previous trauma to posttraumatic symptomatology. Methodology and Study Sample: This comparative survey study included 120 community-dwelling women in Florida born prior to 1926 who self-identify as Holocaust survivors or non-Holocaust survivors. Participants completed five instruments: a) researcher designed demographic tool, b) Resilience Scale, c) Trait Anxiety Inventory, d) Sense of Safety Regarding Terrorism Scale, and d) Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC-33). Data Analysis Procedure and Findings: Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and multiple regression. The findings indicated that older Holocaust survivors who had prior traumatic experiences, suffer more posttraumatic symptoms in the post 9/11 environment during the ongoing War on Terrorism than the comparison group without a Holocaust background. Discussion: Posttraumatic symptomatology resulting from 9/11 may represent a significant public health issue. Programs of public education may play a role in symptom prevention and health promotion. Clinicians should anticipate that even people far from an attack site may experience posttraumatic symptomatology. Nurses need to develop assessment skills and appropriate interventions for use when caring for individuals exposed to traumatic events. Healthcare practice efforts should focus on issues related to older adults and their concerns about terrorism and disasters.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship Among Selected Risk Factors, Resilience, and Psychological Distress of Older Women in the Post 9/11 Environmenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153271-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Relationship Among Selected Risk Factors, Resilience, and Psychological Distress of Older Women in the Post 9/11 Environment</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lamet, Ann R., PhD, ARNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Barry University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">alamet@mail.barry.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background and Purpose: Older adults lived through World War II and experienced or witnessed devastating events. In wake of the national trauma that occurred on September 11, 2001, (9/11) these individuals are once again confronted with a potential threat to their safety. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between selected risk factors, resilience, and psychological distress in the post 9/11 environment in two groups that are known to be at high risk for psychological distress; older adults and older Holocaust survivors. Theoretical Framework: Theories of risk and resilience provide a framework for understanding the complex factors associated with the susceptibility of individuals with previous trauma to posttraumatic symptomatology. Methodology and Study Sample: This comparative survey study included 120 community-dwelling women in Florida born prior to 1926 who self-identify as Holocaust survivors or non-Holocaust survivors. Participants completed five instruments: a) researcher designed demographic tool, b) Resilience Scale, c) Trait Anxiety Inventory, d) Sense of Safety Regarding Terrorism Scale, and d) Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC-33). Data Analysis Procedure and Findings: Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and multiple regression. The findings indicated that older Holocaust survivors who had prior traumatic experiences, suffer more posttraumatic symptoms in the post 9/11 environment during the ongoing War on Terrorism than the comparison group without a Holocaust background. Discussion: Posttraumatic symptomatology resulting from 9/11 may represent a significant public health issue. Programs of public education may play a role in symptom prevention and health promotion. Clinicians should anticipate that even people far from an attack site may experience posttraumatic symptomatology. Nurses need to develop assessment skills and appropriate interventions for use when caring for individuals exposed to traumatic events. Healthcare practice efforts should focus on issues related to older adults and their concerns about terrorism and disasters.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:09:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:09:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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