2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153359
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Screening for Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy by Obstetrical Nurses
Abstract:
Screening for Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy by Obstetrical Nurses
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Clothier, Bonnie A., MSN, CRNP
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pennsylvania
Title:Director
[Research Presentation] Introduction: There is emerging evidence of a relationship between periodontal disease (PD) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.áFurthermore, this relationship has been replicated in many different parts of the world, including North and South America, Asia, and Europe. Clinical examination for PD is usually completed by trained dental personnel and involves measuring pocket depths between the gum and the tooth using a calibrated probe. In the United States, pregnant women have frequent contact with obstetrical health care providers, including nurses. Therefore, the purpose of the current study is to describe the accuracy of screening for PD by obstetrical nurses. Methods:The study population was drawn from one of the study sites participating in an ongoingárandomized clinical trialáinvestigating the impact of treating PD on preterm birth.áBetween 10/2004 and 11/2006, 544 women were enrolled in the parent study. The variables of interest were "screened + " by obstetrical nurse and "screened +" by dental hygienist. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate frequency counts and determine measures of validity.áResults: 397 (73%) of the 544 enrolled subjects screened + for PD by theáobstetrical nurses.á60% of this sample (238) returned for their treatment visit, which included a periodontal evaluation by the dental hygienist.áOf these 238 women, 3 (1%) were found not to meet the criteria for PD.áTherefore, the positive predictive value (PPV) of screening for PD byáobstetrical nurses in this sampleáis 99%, with a sensitivity of 100%. Neither the negative predictive value (NPV) nor the specificityáare able to be calculated, as women who screened + for PD by theáobstetrical nurses were not re-checked by the dental hygienist. Conclusions: Obstetrical nurses may provide an accessible, efficient and accurate resource to assist with screening pregnant women for periodontal disease during pregnancy.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleScreening for Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy by Obstetrical Nursesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153359-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Screening for Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy by Obstetrical Nurses</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Clothier, Bonnie A., MSN, CRNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pennsylvania</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bclothier@obgyn.upenn.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Introduction: There is emerging evidence of a relationship between periodontal disease (PD) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.&aacute;Furthermore, this relationship has been replicated in many different parts of the world, including North and South America, Asia, and Europe. Clinical examination for PD is usually completed by trained dental personnel and involves measuring pocket depths between the gum and the tooth using a calibrated probe. In the United States, pregnant women have frequent contact with obstetrical health care providers, including nurses. Therefore, the purpose of the current study is to describe the accuracy of screening for PD by obstetrical nurses. Methods:The study population was drawn from one of the study sites participating in an ongoing&aacute;randomized clinical trial&aacute;investigating the impact of treating PD on preterm birth.&aacute;Between 10/2004 and 11/2006, 544 women were enrolled in the parent study. The variables of interest were &quot;screened + &quot; by obstetrical nurse and &quot;screened +&quot; by dental hygienist. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate frequency counts and determine measures of validity.&aacute;Results: 397 (73%) of the 544 enrolled subjects screened + for PD by the&aacute;obstetrical nurses.&aacute;60% of this sample (238) returned for their treatment visit, which included a periodontal evaluation by the dental hygienist.&aacute;Of these 238 women, 3 (1%) were found not to meet the criteria for PD.&aacute;Therefore, the positive predictive value (PPV) of screening for PD by&aacute;obstetrical nurses in this sample&aacute;is 99%, with a sensitivity of 100%. Neither the negative predictive value (NPV) nor the specificity&aacute;are able to be calculated, as women who screened + for PD by the&aacute;obstetrical nurses were not re-checked by the dental hygienist. Conclusions: Obstetrical nurses may provide an accessible, efficient and accurate resource to assist with screening pregnant women for periodontal disease during pregnancy.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:13:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:13:12Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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