2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153382
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect of a Smoke-free Law on the Community Smoking Rate
Abstract:
Effect of a Smoke-free Law on the Community Smoking Rate
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Hahn, Ellen J., RN, DNS
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kentucky
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Mary Kay Rayens, PhD and Mei Zhang, MSN, MPH, RN
[Research Presentation] Background: Restrictions on smoking in public places reduce smoking prevalence and average daily cigarette consumption among smokers and increase cessation attempts. Purpose: Evaluate whether there was a change in the rate of adult smoking in Lexington-Fayette County, Kentucky, following the enactment of a 100% smoke-free public places ordinance in April 2004.Methods: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) data from 2001-05 were used to test whether smoking rates changed significantly in Fayette County from the pre- to post-law period, relative to the degree of change during the same timeframe in five Kentucky counties with similar demographic characteristics. The sample consisted of 3,457 BRFSS respondents: 2,334 pre-law and 1,123 post-law. Results: The smoking rate for Fayette County pre-law was 25.7% (CI: 21.2-20.1), and this declined to 17.5% (CI: 11.8-23.1) post-law, a decrease of 31.9%. In the five counties without a law (Control group), the rates at pre-law and post-law were 27.6% (CI: 24.7-30.5) and 27.6% (CI: 23.3-31.8), respectively, indicating no change. With gender, age, education and month of interview included as control variables, the interaction between Time (pre- vs. post-law) and Group (Fayette vs. controls) was significant (Wald chi 2 = 4.0, p = .05). While Fayette and the Control counties did not differ in smoking rate during the pre-law period, Fayette had a significantly lower rate during post-law. The degree of decrease over time in Fayette was significant; there was not a significant change from pre- to post-law in the Control counties. It is estimated that there were 16,467 fewer smokers in Fayette during the post-law period compared to pre-law. Discussion: While smoke-free legislation is typically enacted to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke, this study provides evidence that smoke-free laws also positively affect the health of future and current smokers by providing an environment conducive to preventing initiation and promoting quitting.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffect of a Smoke-free Law on the Community Smoking Rateen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153382-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effect of a Smoke-free Law on the Community Smoking Rate</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hahn, Ellen J., RN, DNS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kentucky</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ejhahn00@uky.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mary Kay Rayens, PhD and Mei Zhang, MSN, MPH, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Background: Restrictions on smoking in public places reduce smoking prevalence and average daily cigarette consumption among smokers and increase cessation attempts. Purpose: Evaluate whether there was a change in the rate of adult smoking in Lexington-Fayette County, Kentucky, following the enactment of a 100% smoke-free public places ordinance in April 2004.Methods: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) data from 2001-05 were used to test whether smoking rates changed significantly in Fayette County from the pre- to post-law period, relative to the degree of change during the same timeframe in five Kentucky counties with similar demographic characteristics. The sample consisted of 3,457 BRFSS respondents: 2,334 pre-law and 1,123 post-law. Results: The smoking rate for Fayette County pre-law was 25.7% (CI: 21.2-20.1), and this declined to 17.5% (CI: 11.8-23.1) post-law, a decrease of 31.9%. In the five counties without a law (Control group), the rates at pre-law and post-law were 27.6% (CI: 24.7-30.5) and 27.6% (CI: 23.3-31.8), respectively, indicating no change. With gender, age, education and month of interview included as control variables, the interaction between Time (pre- vs. post-law) and Group (Fayette vs. controls) was significant (Wald chi 2 = 4.0, p = .05). While Fayette and the Control counties did not differ in smoking rate during the pre-law period, Fayette had a significantly lower rate during post-law. The degree of decrease over time in Fayette was significant; there was not a significant change from pre- to post-law in the Control counties. It is estimated that there were 16,467 fewer smokers in Fayette during the post-law period compared to pre-law. Discussion: While smoke-free legislation is typically enacted to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke, this study provides evidence that smoke-free laws also positively affect the health of future and current smokers by providing an environment conducive to preventing initiation and promoting quitting.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:14:07Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:14:07Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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