The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153504
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills
Abstract:
The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Karimi Moonaghi, Hossein, MS
P.I. Institution Name:Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Title:lecturer
Co-Authors:Akbar Derakhshan, ; Tahere Bionghi, BS; Fatiheh Mortazavi, ; Naser Valaee,
Intoduction: Teaching and learning of clinical skills is a challenging aspect of education in nursing. In the domain of the psychomotor learning there is not enough evidence to show that video based instruction is an effective teaching method. The current study has compared students learning in video based and demonstration methods. Method: An experimental study was conducted on 40 first year nursing and midwifery students. The students were randomly assigned to case (n=20) and control (n=20) groups based on their course. The data were collected from a pretest, a posttest and a questionnaire for demographic information. Pretest was given 24 hours prior to the presentation sessions. Then each group has received one skill with video based and another skill with demonstrationResults: The overall learning in the demonstration method was higher than the video based method (p<0/043). However the scores of students in two methods were at acceptable level. The scores of students in the cognitive domain of hand washing by the demonstration were 16.20±1.5 and by the video based method was 15.25 ±1(p>0.068). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of hand washing by the demonstration was 16.85± 1.4 and by the video based method was 15.94±1.4 (p<0.026).The scores of students in the cognitive domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 25.60± 1.8 and by the video based method was 15.50±1 (p>0.831). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 16.78±1.3 and with the video based was 16.12± 1 (p<0.036).Discussion: The results indicated that demonstration method is more effective in the students learning. However, both video based and demonstration have led to the high level of cognitive and psychomotor learning. It could be concluded that video ? based instruction can be an effective method for replacing the demonstration
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skillsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153504-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Video-Based Instruction Versus Demonstration on Learning of Clinical Skills</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Karimi Moonaghi, Hossein, MS</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mashhad University of Medical Sciences</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">karimih2001@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Akbar Derakhshan, ; Tahere Bionghi, BS; Fatiheh Mortazavi, ; Naser Valaee,</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Intoduction: Teaching and learning of clinical skills is a challenging aspect of education in nursing. In the domain of the psychomotor learning there is not enough evidence to show that video based instruction is an effective teaching method. The current study has compared students learning in video based and demonstration methods. Method: An experimental study was conducted on 40 first year nursing and midwifery students. The students were randomly assigned to case (n=20) and control (n=20) groups based on their course. The data were collected from a pretest, a posttest and a questionnaire for demographic information. Pretest was given 24 hours prior to the presentation sessions. Then each group has received one skill with video based and another skill with demonstrationResults: The overall learning in the demonstration method was higher than the video based method (p&lt;0/043). However the scores of students in two methods were at acceptable level. The scores of students in the cognitive domain of hand washing by the demonstration were 16.20&plusmn;1.5 and by the video based method was 15.25 &plusmn;1(p&gt;0.068). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of hand washing by the demonstration was 16.85&plusmn; 1.4 and by the video based method was 15.94&plusmn;1.4 (p&lt;0.026).The scores of students in the cognitive domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 25.60&plusmn; 1.8 and by the video based method was 15.50&plusmn;1 (p&gt;0.831). The scores of students in the psychomotor domain of dressing change by the demonstration was 16.78&plusmn;1.3 and with the video based was 16.12&plusmn; 1 (p&lt;0.036).Discussion: The results indicated that demonstration method is more effective in the students learning. However, both video based and demonstration have led to the high level of cognitive and psychomotor learning. It could be concluded that video ? based instruction can be an effective method for replacing the demonstration</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:19:04Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:19:04Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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