Community Health Assessment Outcomes of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA Residents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153683
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Community Health Assessment Outcomes of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA Residents
Abstract:
Community Health Assessment Outcomes of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA Residents
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Doddato, Theresa
P.I. Institution Name:University of Mississippi Medical Center
Title:Professor and Associate Dean of Administrative Affairs
Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify and examine factors that contribute to the health status and the utilization of health care services by residents of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA. Design: A multidisciplinary team of nurses, researchers, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) experts, urban planners and a psychometrician planned and executed a comprehensive community health assessment of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA residents utilizing a descriptive research design. The team formulated the three research questions: What issues relate to accessibility contribute to the under utilization of health care services in Hinds County, Mississippi, USA; What economic factors contribute to the under-utilization of health care services; Does unavailability of health care providers con tribute to the under utilization of health care services. Population: Hinds county residents represent a confluence of low income, minorities with higher than the national average health risk behaviors. Nearly 10% of the State's population lives in Hinds County, which includes the capitol city, Jackson, Mississippi, USA. Of these 247,492 Hinds County residents, 21.8% live below the poverty level and approximately 10% of the 554,000 uninsured live in Hinds County. Hinds County is a microcosm of the statewide health problems. The area is plagued by high rates of hypertension, stroke, diabetes, homelessness and unemployment. Inadequate diets and food poor families are not uncommon in Hinds County. Hinds County residents also represent a number of vulnerable populations such as 37,750 people with no high school education, 5,260 un employed, 8640 who are severely disabled, 11,020 who are suffering from major depression and 11,840 who are drug users. Sample: A cluster sample of approximately 760 households dwellings were identified via GIS. Population density and income level were utilized to obtain a sample thought to be representative of the county. Setting: Hinds County, Mississippi, USA. Years: Data collection took place during June and July of 2001. Concept: Community assessments have been the major source of information relative to the health status of a community. However, during the pilot phase of this study secondary data sources failed to reveal the nuances of the population under study. Therefore the team undertook a primary data collection method to answers the research questions. The variables include: general health status, health care service utilization for both routine and emergent care, reasons for not accessing services and the financial resources of the residents of Hinds county. Methods: Personal interview using a survey instrument and document review were the main sources of data collection. The survey instrument consists of open and closed-ended questions relative to the respondent's self report of their health status, health care services, utilization and the financial resources for health care. The instrument was a modification of an instrument used in the pilot study. The data from this survey was integrated with the existing infrastructure data regarding the area using GIS technology. The questionnaire was designed and tested in early 2001. Respondents were interviewed in mid-year and the data will be analyzed in the final part of the year. The primary measure for the survey was the household. No random sample was attempted. Survey sites were identified via GIS using two parameters: population density and income level. The distribution of respondents was targeted to be representative of the demographics of Hinds County. Every effort was made to insure that respondents represented the spectrum of low income, homeless, students, and rural residents. Interviewers were from the School of Nursing of the University of Mississippi, USA. AS part of their course work, 26 undergraduate students in a research course participated in the data collection phase of the study. Following interviewer training, each interviewer was encouraged to collect approximately 10 (minimum) interviews per day. The 26 students collected seven hundred and sixty surveys over three days in June and July 2001. Findings: Descriptive and co-relational statistics will be utilized to answer the research questions. Findings will be presented at the conference. Conclusions: In the preliminary report, a higher percentage of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA respondents felt their overall health status was poor or fair as compared to state and national levels. The percent of residents with health insurance was lower than the national level for both adults and children. Fewer people over the age of 65 had Medicare health insurance. Implications: The multidisciplinary team approach provides a unique model for an effective and efficient method to collect a large amount of data regarding a community's health status that can be replicated in many poor urban and rural communities.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCommunity Health Assessment Outcomes of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA Residentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153683-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Community Health Assessment Outcomes of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA Residents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Doddato, Theresa</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Mississippi Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor and Associate Dean of Administrative Affairs</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tdoddato@son.umsmed.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify and examine factors that contribute to the health status and the utilization of health care services by residents of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA. Design: A multidisciplinary team of nurses, researchers, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) experts, urban planners and a psychometrician planned and executed a comprehensive community health assessment of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA residents utilizing a descriptive research design. The team formulated the three research questions: What issues relate to accessibility contribute to the under utilization of health care services in Hinds County, Mississippi, USA; What economic factors contribute to the under-utilization of health care services; Does unavailability of health care providers con tribute to the under utilization of health care services. Population: Hinds county residents represent a confluence of low income, minorities with higher than the national average health risk behaviors. Nearly 10% of the State's population lives in Hinds County, which includes the capitol city, Jackson, Mississippi, USA. Of these 247,492 Hinds County residents, 21.8% live below the poverty level and approximately 10% of the 554,000 uninsured live in Hinds County. Hinds County is a microcosm of the statewide health problems. The area is plagued by high rates of hypertension, stroke, diabetes, homelessness and unemployment. Inadequate diets and food poor families are not uncommon in Hinds County. Hinds County residents also represent a number of vulnerable populations such as 37,750 people with no high school education, 5,260 un employed, 8640 who are severely disabled, 11,020 who are suffering from major depression and 11,840 who are drug users. Sample: A cluster sample of approximately 760 households dwellings were identified via GIS. Population density and income level were utilized to obtain a sample thought to be representative of the county. Setting: Hinds County, Mississippi, USA. Years: Data collection took place during June and July of 2001. Concept: Community assessments have been the major source of information relative to the health status of a community. However, during the pilot phase of this study secondary data sources failed to reveal the nuances of the population under study. Therefore the team undertook a primary data collection method to answers the research questions. The variables include: general health status, health care service utilization for both routine and emergent care, reasons for not accessing services and the financial resources of the residents of Hinds county. Methods: Personal interview using a survey instrument and document review were the main sources of data collection. The survey instrument consists of open and closed-ended questions relative to the respondent's self report of their health status, health care services, utilization and the financial resources for health care. The instrument was a modification of an instrument used in the pilot study. The data from this survey was integrated with the existing infrastructure data regarding the area using GIS technology. The questionnaire was designed and tested in early 2001. Respondents were interviewed in mid-year and the data will be analyzed in the final part of the year. The primary measure for the survey was the household. No random sample was attempted. Survey sites were identified via GIS using two parameters: population density and income level. The distribution of respondents was targeted to be representative of the demographics of Hinds County. Every effort was made to insure that respondents represented the spectrum of low income, homeless, students, and rural residents. Interviewers were from the School of Nursing of the University of Mississippi, USA. AS part of their course work, 26 undergraduate students in a research course participated in the data collection phase of the study. Following interviewer training, each interviewer was encouraged to collect approximately 10 (minimum) interviews per day. The 26 students collected seven hundred and sixty surveys over three days in June and July 2001. Findings: Descriptive and co-relational statistics will be utilized to answer the research questions. Findings will be presented at the conference. Conclusions: In the preliminary report, a higher percentage of Hinds County, Mississippi, USA respondents felt their overall health status was poor or fair as compared to state and national levels. The percent of residents with health insurance was lower than the national level for both adults and children. Fewer people over the age of 65 had Medicare health insurance. Implications: The multidisciplinary team approach provides a unique model for an effective and efficient method to collect a large amount of data regarding a community's health status that can be replicated in many poor urban and rural communities.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:26:30Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:26:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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