2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153688
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Model Construction of Occupational Stress in Korean Manufacturing Workers
Abstract:
Model Construction of Occupational Stress in Korean Manufacturing Workers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Kim, Jeong-Hee
P.I. Institution Name:Cheju National University
Title:Lecturer
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to identify the occupational stress-related psychosocial, physical, and organizational factors, to develop the comprehensive theoretical framework regarding occupational stress, and to propose the stress management strategies at the workplace. Design: Model Construction. Population, Sample, Setting, Years, and Methods: Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires from 262 workers in a local electronic company from July to August 1999. The content of original questionnaires was revised by literature review and the pilot study. Cronbach's ¥áof the tools were 0.65°0.89. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient, and covariance structure analysis were used with SPSS/PC+ win 8.0 and PC-LISREL 8.12 A. Findings: The results were as follows: 1) The hypothetical model showed a good fit to the empirical data (GFI=0.94, RMR=0.051, AGFI=0.89, NFI=0.90, NNFI=0.90, PNFI=0.59). 2) 5 paths were statistically significant: intra and extra-organizational stressors to social support, intra-organizational stressors to coping strategies, social support to coping strategies, and coping strategies to stress responses. But the others were not. Based on those results, the model was modified by deleting two paths: extra-organizational stressors to coping strategies and TABP to social support. The modified model produced a better fit and parsimony than hypothetical model (GFI=0.95, RMR=0.048, AGFI=0.91, NFI=0.92, NNFI=0.93, PNFI=0.62). 3) Intra and extra-organizational stressors affected social support negatively and explained 12% of the total variance of social support. Intra-organizational stressors affected coping strategies negatively and social support affected positively. The two variables explained 70% of the total variance of coping strategies. Coping strategies affected stress responses negatively and explained 87% of the total variance of stress responses. Concept or Variables Studied together or intervention and outcome variables: Based on literature review, a hypothetical model which was unsaturated, was consisted of 6 theoretical variables, 10 paths between them, and 11 variables measuring each theoretical variable. Among the theoretical variables, the intra and the extra-organizational stressors were exogenous variables and Type A behavior pattern(TABP), social support, coping strategies, and stress responses were endogenous variables. Conclusions: Consequently, the occupational stress responses of manufacturing workers were mediated directly or indirectly by coping strategies and social support. Implications: Therefore the stress management program at the workplace is required to be focused on social support and coping strategies. Also, It will be needed to conduct intervention study of the stress management program to verify this model and to test effectiveness of it. This study has its significance in that it tried first in Korean Nursing discipline to comprehensively understand the occupational stress.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleModel Construction of Occupational Stress in Korean Manufacturing Workersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153688-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Model Construction of Occupational Stress in Korean Manufacturing Workers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Jeong-Hee</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Cheju National University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">snukjh@hanmail.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: The purposes of this study were to identify the occupational stress-related psychosocial, physical, and organizational factors, to develop the comprehensive theoretical framework regarding occupational stress, and to propose the stress management strategies at the workplace. Design: Model Construction. Population, Sample, Setting, Years, and Methods: Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires from 262 workers in a local electronic company from July to August 1999. The content of original questionnaires was revised by literature review and the pilot study. Cronbach's &yen;&aacute;of the tools were 0.65&deg;0.89. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient, and covariance structure analysis were used with SPSS/PC+ win 8.0 and PC-LISREL 8.12 A. Findings: The results were as follows: 1) The hypothetical model showed a good fit to the empirical data (GFI=0.94, RMR=0.051, AGFI=0.89, NFI=0.90, NNFI=0.90, PNFI=0.59). 2) 5 paths were statistically significant: intra and extra-organizational stressors to social support, intra-organizational stressors to coping strategies, social support to coping strategies, and coping strategies to stress responses. But the others were not. Based on those results, the model was modified by deleting two paths: extra-organizational stressors to coping strategies and TABP to social support. The modified model produced a better fit and parsimony than hypothetical model (GFI=0.95, RMR=0.048, AGFI=0.91, NFI=0.92, NNFI=0.93, PNFI=0.62). 3) Intra and extra-organizational stressors affected social support negatively and explained 12% of the total variance of social support. Intra-organizational stressors affected coping strategies negatively and social support affected positively. The two variables explained 70% of the total variance of coping strategies. Coping strategies affected stress responses negatively and explained 87% of the total variance of stress responses. Concept or Variables Studied together or intervention and outcome variables: Based on literature review, a hypothetical model which was unsaturated, was consisted of 6 theoretical variables, 10 paths between them, and 11 variables measuring each theoretical variable. Among the theoretical variables, the intra and the extra-organizational stressors were exogenous variables and Type A behavior pattern(TABP), social support, coping strategies, and stress responses were endogenous variables. Conclusions: Consequently, the occupational stress responses of manufacturing workers were mediated directly or indirectly by coping strategies and social support. Implications: Therefore the stress management program at the workplace is required to be focused on social support and coping strategies. Also, It will be needed to conduct intervention study of the stress management program to verify this model and to test effectiveness of it. This study has its significance in that it tried first in Korean Nursing discipline to comprehensively understand the occupational stress.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:26:42Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:26:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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