2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153826
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Openness to Experience and Worldviews of Nursing Students in Central Mexico
Abstract:
Openness to Experience and Worldviews of Nursing Students in Central Mexico
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Reynaga-Ornelas, Luxana, MN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Leon, Division de Ciencias de la Salud
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Carol M. Baldwin PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN, Associate Professor; Armando Hernandez-Zuniga,
Samuel Reyna-Carranza, Maria Guadalupe, Lopez-Sanchez
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: Absorption is a personality trait associated with openness to experience, i.e., the willingness to destructure conventional modes of cognitive and perceptual processing.  Worldview is the cognitive orientation of an individual. Worldview  has been examined among health providers, including physicians, sociologists and psychologists. These factors have yet to be investigated among nursing students. This study will explore the characteristics of absorption and the contextual and mechanistic worldviews of student nurses in central Mexico along their academic trajectory.
Methods:  Nursing students in their second (N=82), third (N=11) and fourth years (N=35) of training in a baccalaureate nursing program central Mexico completed the Spanish translated Tellegen (1974) Absorption Scale and the worldview Paradigm Inventory (Berry, 1984) to assess these constructs within their academic paths. Chi squared tests and linear regression analysis was performed with PASW18 to address the study aim.
Results: Overall, student demographics showed 81% to be women, with a mean age and standard deviation of 20.9 +/- 3.1 years. Mean score for absorption was 21 +/- 5. Students were significantly more likely to endorse a contextual (56%) versus mechanistic (44%, p<0.05) worldview. Linear regression showed 27% of the adjusted variance to be accounted for by older age (Beta=0.27; CI=0.19-0.36; p<0.0001), absorption (Beta=0.09; CI=0.03-0.14; p<0.01) and contextual versus mechanistic worldview (Beta=0.57; CI=0.03-1.11; p<0.05).
Conclusion: Findings suggest that as Mexican nursing students matriculate through the training program, their openness to experience (absorption) increases. Over half of the students hold a contextual worldview consistent with higher absorption scores. For some students, their worldview moves from mechanistic to contextual as they progress through training. These findings may be useful for student advising in nursing education, nursing care specialty, and academic and professional career paths. These measures may also inform curriculum and classroom activities in order to address the learning needs of students with differing worldviews.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleOpenness to Experience and Worldviews of Nursing Students in Central Mexicoen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153826-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Openness to Experience and Worldviews of Nursing Students in Central Mexico</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Reynaga-Ornelas, Luxana, MN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Leon, Division de Ciencias de la Salud</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">luxanar@gmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Carol M. Baldwin PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN, Associate Professor; Armando Hernandez-Zuniga, <br/>Samuel Reyna-Carranza, Maria Guadalupe, Lopez-Sanchez</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;Absorption is a personality trait associated with openness to experience, i.e., the willingness to destructure conventional modes of cognitive and perceptual processing. &nbsp;Worldview is the cognitive orientation of an individual. Worldview&nbsp; has been examined among health providers, including physicians, sociologists and psychologists. These factors have yet to be investigated among nursing students. This study will explore the characteristics of absorption and the contextual and mechanistic worldviews of student nurses in central Mexico along their academic trajectory. <br/>Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;Nursing students in their second (N=82), third (N=11) and fourth years (N=35) of training in a baccalaureate nursing program central Mexico completed the Spanish translated Tellegen (1974) Absorption Scale and the worldview Paradigm Inventory (Berry, 1984) to assess these constructs within their academic paths. Chi squared tests and linear regression analysis was performed with PASW18 to address the study aim. <br/>Results:&nbsp;Overall, student demographics showed 81% to be women, with a mean age and standard deviation of 20.9 +/- 3.1 years. Mean score for absorption was 21 +/- 5. Students were significantly more likely to endorse a contextual (56%) versus mechanistic (44%, p&lt;0.05) worldview. Linear regression showed 27% of the adjusted variance to be accounted for by older age (Beta=0.27; CI=0.19-0.36; p&lt;0.0001), absorption (Beta=0.09; CI=0.03-0.14; p&lt;0.01) and contextual versus mechanistic worldview (Beta=0.57; CI=0.03-1.11; p&lt;0.05). <br/>Conclusion: Findings suggest that as Mexican nursing students matriculate through the training program, their openness to experience (absorption) increases. Over half of the students hold a contextual worldview consistent with higher absorption scores. For some students, their worldview moves from mechanistic to contextual as they progress through training. These findings may be useful for student advising in nursing education, nursing care specialty, and academic and professional career paths. These measures may also inform curriculum and classroom activities in order to address the learning needs of students with differing worldviews.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:32:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:32:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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