Clinical and research implications derived from interpretive studies of ill children and their families

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153845
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Clinical and research implications derived from interpretive studies of ill children and their families
Abstract:
Clinical and research implications derived from interpretive studies of ill children and their families
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Deatrick, Janet, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pennsylvania
Title:Assistant Professor
Qualitative researchers have made significant contributions to the

study of phenomena important to health care professionals who work

with ill children and their families. Various qualitative

approaches have been used to study children's (Deatrick & Faux,

1991) and families' (Walker, 1985) perceptions of the illness

experience. However, clinical interventions based on these data as

well as directions for future research have not been documented.

The purpose of this study was to examine the existing body of

qualitative research to evaluate the trends and significance of

findings and their implications for clinical practice and research.

The analysis of literature was done specifically in relation to

study paradigm (e.g., ethnography, grounded theory), purpose (e.g.,

sensitization, illustration), and focus (e.g., coping, stress,

pain) as well as data collection methods (e.g., interview,

participant observation), findings, and implications for practice

and research. The qualitative studies examined had been conducted

with toddler/preschool children, schoolage children, and

adolescents who had an acute or chronic illness/disability, and

families of children who had an acute or chronic illness/

disability. Two hundred and eighty studies done between 1970-91

were identified as meeting study criteria; of these, 170 studies

had been done with children and adolescents and 110 with families.

The majority (81 percent) of studies had descriptive paradigms with

the study purpose of description/sensitization occurring in 84

percent of the cases. Stress and coping with illness, surgery, and

hospitalization were the foci of the child and adolescent studies.

Similar foci (stress, coping, and parenting the ill/disabled child)

were found in the family studies. Findings will be discussed in

relation to the cognitive and direct implications for nursing

practice with intervention foci including the child/adolescent

(e.g., recognition of behavioral responses to illness), parents

(e.g., maternal competency), siblings (e.g., anticipatory

guidance), family (e.g., recognition of family management styles),

society (e.g., education and advocacy). Research implications for

future needed child/adolescent studies have been developed; family

research implications, based on study results, have been grouped

using Feetham's (1991) criteria.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleClinical and research implications derived from interpretive studies of ill children and their familiesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153845-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Clinical and research implications derived from interpretive studies of ill children and their families</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Deatrick, Janet, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pennsylvania</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">deatrick@nursing.upenn.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Qualitative researchers have made significant contributions to the<br/><br/>study of phenomena important to health care professionals who work<br/><br/>with ill children and their families. Various qualitative<br/><br/>approaches have been used to study children's (Deatrick &amp; Faux,<br/><br/>1991) and families' (Walker, 1985) perceptions of the illness<br/><br/>experience. However, clinical interventions based on these data as<br/><br/>well as directions for future research have not been documented.<br/><br/>The purpose of this study was to examine the existing body of<br/><br/>qualitative research to evaluate the trends and significance of<br/><br/>findings and their implications for clinical practice and research.<br/><br/>The analysis of literature was done specifically in relation to<br/><br/>study paradigm (e.g., ethnography, grounded theory), purpose (e.g.,<br/><br/>sensitization, illustration), and focus (e.g., coping, stress,<br/><br/>pain) as well as data collection methods (e.g., interview,<br/><br/>participant observation), findings, and implications for practice<br/><br/>and research. The qualitative studies examined had been conducted<br/><br/>with toddler/preschool children, schoolage children, and<br/><br/>adolescents who had an acute or chronic illness/disability, and<br/><br/>families of children who had an acute or chronic illness/<br/><br/>disability. Two hundred and eighty studies done between 1970-91<br/><br/>were identified as meeting study criteria; of these, 170 studies<br/><br/>had been done with children and adolescents and 110 with families.<br/><br/>The majority (81 percent) of studies had descriptive paradigms with<br/><br/>the study purpose of description/sensitization occurring in 84<br/><br/>percent of the cases. Stress and coping with illness, surgery, and<br/><br/>hospitalization were the foci of the child and adolescent studies.<br/><br/>Similar foci (stress, coping, and parenting the ill/disabled child)<br/><br/>were found in the family studies. Findings will be discussed in<br/><br/>relation to the cognitive and direct implications for nursing<br/><br/>practice with intervention foci including the child/adolescent<br/><br/>(e.g., recognition of behavioral responses to illness), parents<br/><br/>(e.g., maternal competency), siblings (e.g., anticipatory<br/><br/>guidance), family (e.g., recognition of family management styles),<br/><br/>society (e.g., education and advocacy). Research implications for<br/><br/>future needed child/adolescent studies have been developed; family<br/><br/>research implications, based on study results, have been grouped<br/><br/>using Feetham's (1991) criteria.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:33:30Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:33:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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