Nurses' attitudes toward AIDS: Does the mode of transmission influence the attitude of the nurse?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153885
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nurses' attitudes toward AIDS: Does the mode of transmission influence the attitude of the nurse?
Abstract:
Nurses' attitudes toward AIDS: Does the mode of transmission influence the attitude of the nurse?
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:May 19 - 22, 1992
Author:Fitzpatrick, Mary, MS/MSc
P.I. Institution Name:Riverside Methodist Hospitals
Title:Manager Nursing Education
The purpose of this study were to determine Registered Nurses'

attitudes toward the client who has developed Acquired

Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and to determine whether those

attitudes of RNs were influenced by the mode of viral transmission.

This descriptive correlational survey utilized a random sample of

200 RNs with active licenses in a moderately sized midwestern

state. Upon receipt of a packet through the United States mail,

subjects in the study completed three attitude assessment tools and

a demographic questionnaire after reading one of four vignettes

describing a clinical course of a fictitious person with AIDS. The

vignettes differed only as to how the client acquired AIDS (i.e.,

by male homosexual contact, heterosexual contact, and HIV-

contaminated unit of blood, or by intravenous drug use). Consent

was implied by the return of the surveys. A total of 110 RNs

returned their surveys, yielding a 55 percent response rate. Data

analysis consisted of descriptive statistics and multivariate

analysis of variance (MANOVA). The test for the MANOVA in this

study was the Wilks' Lambda which offers a method of looking at

multiple groups simultaneously for comparison and contrasts. The

results indicated that there were no statistically significant

differences among the mean scores of the vignette groups. However,

the mean scores fell into the neutral range for all vignette

groups. There are many implications for the nursing profession

because of the findings. Nurses will continue to need educational

interventions to enhance their awareness of the potential impact of

their behavior upon the care and teaching that the patient

receives. Recommendations for further nursing research include

longitudinal studies for comparison of nurse attitudes with an

increase in the number of clients requiring care. There is a need

for studies exploring nurse attitudes toward women versus men with

AIDS, and of nurse attitudes toward infants and children with AIDS.

Identification of nurse attitudes toward other health care workers

with AIDS would also enhance nursing knowledge and interventions.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
19-May-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNurses' attitudes toward AIDS: Does the mode of transmission influence the attitude of the nurse?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153885-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Nurses' attitudes toward AIDS: Does the mode of transmission influence the attitude of the nurse?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">May 19 - 22, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Fitzpatrick, Mary, MS/MSc</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Riverside Methodist Hospitals</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Manager Nursing Education</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this study were to determine Registered Nurses'<br/><br/>attitudes toward the client who has developed Acquired<br/><br/>Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and to determine whether those<br/><br/>attitudes of RNs were influenced by the mode of viral transmission.<br/><br/>This descriptive correlational survey utilized a random sample of<br/><br/>200 RNs with active licenses in a moderately sized midwestern<br/><br/>state. Upon receipt of a packet through the United States mail,<br/><br/>subjects in the study completed three attitude assessment tools and<br/><br/>a demographic questionnaire after reading one of four vignettes<br/><br/>describing a clinical course of a fictitious person with AIDS. The<br/><br/>vignettes differed only as to how the client acquired AIDS (i.e.,<br/><br/>by male homosexual contact, heterosexual contact, and HIV-<br/><br/>contaminated unit of blood, or by intravenous drug use). Consent<br/><br/>was implied by the return of the surveys. A total of 110 RNs<br/><br/>returned their surveys, yielding a 55 percent response rate. Data<br/><br/>analysis consisted of descriptive statistics and multivariate<br/><br/>analysis of variance (MANOVA). The test for the MANOVA in this<br/><br/>study was the Wilks' Lambda which offers a method of looking at<br/><br/>multiple groups simultaneously for comparison and contrasts. The<br/><br/>results indicated that there were no statistically significant<br/><br/>differences among the mean scores of the vignette groups. However,<br/><br/>the mean scores fell into the neutral range for all vignette<br/><br/>groups. There are many implications for the nursing profession<br/><br/>because of the findings. Nurses will continue to need educational<br/><br/>interventions to enhance their awareness of the potential impact of<br/><br/>their behavior upon the care and teaching that the patient<br/><br/>receives. Recommendations for further nursing research include<br/><br/>longitudinal studies for comparison of nurse attitudes with an<br/><br/>increase in the number of clients requiring care. There is a need<br/><br/>for studies exploring nurse attitudes toward women versus men with<br/><br/>AIDS, and of nurse attitudes toward infants and children with AIDS.<br/><br/>Identification of nurse attitudes toward other health care workers<br/><br/>with AIDS would also enhance nursing knowledge and interventions.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:35:12Z-
dc.date.issued1992-05-19en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:35:12Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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