2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153934
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Postpartum Depression and Violence: Is there a Link in Chilean Women?
Abstract:
Postpartum Depression and Violence: Is there a Link in Chilean Women?
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Quelopana, Ana, DNS, RMW
P.I. Institution Name:Universidad de Tarapaca
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Jane Dimmitt Champion, PhD, FNP, CS, FAAN
[Research Presentation]Purpose: Maternity can represent a time of great vulnerability for psychiatric disorders such as postpartum depression (PPD).  This study examined the prevalence of PPD and its association with psychosocial factors such as attitude toward pregnancy, social support and history of violence.  Methods:  The study utilized a descriptive correlational design.  The convenience sample included 112 women between 2-6 weeks postpartum attending Primary Care Clinics in Arica-Chile.  Data on reproductive and sociodemographic characteristics, attitude toward pregnancy and social support were obtained. The Postpartum Depression Screening Scale-Spanish Version and the Questionnaire of Women Abuse were utilized for assessment of PPD and history of violence.  Results:  Postpartum depression was found among 22% of the Chilean women, and history of violence was reported by 69% of them.  PPD was significantly associated with women's negative attitude toward pregnancy such as: "being unhappy about the pregnancy" (x2 13.23, p = .001), "did not want people to know about the pregnancy" (x2 7.43, p = .009), and "were thinking about having an abortion" (x2 9.18, p = .006). Lack of emotional support was significantly associated (x2 11.67, p = .001) with PPD.  History of violence was highly correlated with PPD (rs = .48, p = .01) and income (rs = -.30, p = .02).  Conclusion:  Nurse and midwives who identify and help women experiencing PPD and/or violence could play an important role in guiding and supporting them.  Recommendation is for further assessment of postpartum depression and violence among women in other regions of Chile during maternity.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePostpartum Depression and Violence: Is there a Link in Chilean Women?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153934-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Postpartum Depression and Violence: Is there a Link in Chilean Women?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Quelopana, Ana, DNS, RMW</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Universidad de Tarapaca</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">aquelopa@uta.cl</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Jane Dimmitt Champion, PhD, FNP, CS, FAAN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation]Purpose: Maternity can represent a time of great vulnerability for psychiatric disorders such as postpartum depression (PPD).&nbsp; This study examined the prevalence of PPD and its association with psychosocial factors such as attitude toward pregnancy, social support and history of violence.&nbsp; Methods: &nbsp;The study utilized a descriptive correlational design.&nbsp; The convenience sample included 112 women between 2-6 weeks postpartum attending Primary Care Clinics in Arica-Chile.&nbsp; Data on reproductive and sociodemographic characteristics, attitude toward pregnancy and social support were obtained.&nbsp;The Postpartum Depression Screening Scale-Spanish Version and the Questionnaire of Women Abuse were utilized for assessment of PPD and&nbsp;history of violence.&nbsp;&nbsp;Results: &nbsp;Postpartum depression was found among 22% of the Chilean women, and history of violence was reported by 69% of them.&nbsp; PPD was significantly associated with women's negative attitude toward pregnancy such as: &quot;being unhappy about the pregnancy&quot; (x2 13.23, p = .001), &quot;did not want people to know about the pregnancy&quot; (x2 7.43, p = .009), and &quot;were thinking about having an abortion&quot; (x2 9.18, p = .006). Lack of emotional support was significantly associated (x2 11.67, p = .001) with PPD. &nbsp;History of violence was highly correlated with PPD (rs = .48, p = .01) and income (rs = -.30, p = .02).&nbsp; Conclusion: &nbsp;Nurse and midwives who identify and help women experiencing PPD and/or violence could play an important role in guiding and supporting them. &nbsp;Recommendation is for further assessment of postpartum depression and&nbsp;violence among women in other regions of Chile during maternity.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:37:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:37:19Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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