2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/153990
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Time Pressure, Nurse Conscientiousness, and Patient Safety
Abstract:
Time Pressure, Nurse Conscientiousness, and Patient Safety
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Lam, Si Man
P.I. Institution Name:Chang Gung University
Title:Undergraduate Student
Co-Authors:Ching-I Teng, PhD
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Globally, nurses faced strong time pressure in their work. Previous studies have ignored the interactive influences of time pressure and conscientiousness, but conscientiousness may buffer the negative impacts of time pressure. This study thus investigates the interactive influences of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness on patient safety. Methods: A cross-sectional design and questionnaires were used. The sample comprised 411 nurses working in two Taiwanese hospitals from May to July 2008. Median split was used for categorizing participants into high and low time pressure groups and high and low conscientiousness group. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests were used for analysis. Scales came from Putrevu and Ratchford (1987) and Teng et al. (2007, 2009). Results: The interaction of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness revealed the trend to impact patient safety (F(1, 376) = 1.92, p = .17), supporting the subsequent analyses. For nurses with high conscientiousness (n = 223), time pressure was not significantly related to patient safety (t = -1.17, p = .24). However, for nurses with low conscientiousness (n = 157), time pressure was negatively related to patient safety (t = -2.58, p = .01). Conclusion: Findings of this study support that nurse conscientiousness may buffer the negative impacts of time pressure at workplace. Keywords: Patient safety, time pressure, and nurse conscientiousness. References: Putrevu, S., Ratchford, B.T., 1997. A model of search behavior with an application to grocery shopping. Journal of Retailing 73 (4), 463-486.Teng, C.I., Dai, Y.T., Shyu, Y.I.L., Wong, M.K., Chu, T.L., Tsai, Y.H., 2009. Professional commitment, patient safety, and patient-perceived care quality. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 41 (3), 309-317. Teng, C.I., Hsu, K.H., Chien, R.C., & Chang, H.Y., 2007. Influence of personality on care quality of hospital nurses. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 22 (4), 358-364.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleTime Pressure, Nurse Conscientiousness, and Patient Safetyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/153990-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Time Pressure, Nurse Conscientiousness, and Patient Safety</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lam, Si Man</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Chang Gung University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Undergraduate Student</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">olivialam93@yahoo.com.hk</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Ching-I Teng, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Globally, nurses faced strong time pressure in their work. Previous studies have ignored the interactive influences of time pressure and conscientiousness, but conscientiousness may buffer the negative impacts of time pressure. This study thus investigates the interactive influences of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness on patient safety. Methods: A cross-sectional design and questionnaires were used. The sample comprised 411 nurses working in two Taiwanese hospitals from May to July 2008. Median split was used for categorizing participants into high and low time pressure groups and high and low conscientiousness group. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests were used for analysis. Scales came from Putrevu and Ratchford (1987) and Teng et al. (2007, 2009). Results: The interaction of time pressure and nurse conscientiousness revealed the trend to impact patient safety (F(1, 376) = 1.92, p = .17), supporting the subsequent analyses. For nurses with high conscientiousness (n = 223), time pressure was not significantly related to patient safety (t = -1.17, p = .24). However, for nurses with low conscientiousness (n = 157), time pressure was negatively related to patient safety (t = -2.58, p = .01). Conclusion: Findings of this study support that nurse conscientiousness may buffer the negative impacts of time pressure at workplace. Keywords: Patient safety, time pressure, and nurse conscientiousness. References: Putrevu, S., Ratchford, B.T., 1997. A model of search behavior with an application to grocery shopping. Journal of Retailing 73 (4), 463-486.Teng, C.I., Dai, Y.T., Shyu, Y.I.L., Wong, M.K., Chu, T.L., Tsai, Y.H., 2009. Professional commitment, patient safety, and patient-perceived care quality. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 41 (3), 309-317. Teng, C.I., Hsu, K.H., Chien, R.C., &amp; Chang, H.Y., 2007. Influence of personality on care quality of hospital nurses. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 22 (4), 358-364.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:39:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:39:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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