Global Perspectives on Teenage Pregnancy: Measuring Risky Behaviors, Abstinence Attitudes and Behaviors and Parent-Teen Communication Using the Adolescent Family Life Core Instrument

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154019
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Global Perspectives on Teenage Pregnancy: Measuring Risky Behaviors, Abstinence Attitudes and Behaviors and Parent-Teen Communication Using the Adolescent Family Life Core Instrument
Abstract:
Global Perspectives on Teenage Pregnancy: Measuring Risky Behaviors, Abstinence Attitudes and Behaviors and Parent-Teen Communication Using the Adolescent Family Life Core Instrument
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Sternas, Kathleen A., PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Seton Hall University
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Mary Ann Scharf, EdD; Janet Summerly, BSN, MSN, RN; Wendiann Sethi, MS; RoseMarie Peterkin, MAT
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Teenage birth rates are higher in the USA than England, Wales, Australia, and Canada. High rates of risky behaviors exist among Newark teenagers including drug/alcohol use, sexual activity leading to STD's/HIV/AIDS, teen pregnancy which affect health. This presentation describes: global perspectives on teenage pregnancy and interventions to reduce risky behaviors/teenage pregnancy; the AFL instrument, its factor structure utilizing longitudinal research on teenagers in an evidenced-based intervention that promotes abstinence from drinking/drugs/sex and parent-teen communication; intervention and comparison participant outcomes. Bandura's Social Learning and Piaget's theories guided the intervention on sexuality discussions, mentoring, health/fitness classes, cultural events, community service, and recognition. Methods: Pretest post-test design. Four intervention/five comparison schools participated (N=4076). Intervention participants were randomly selected. Comparison participants were a convenience sample. Intervention/comparison schools were matched on demographic variables. Instruments: AFL Core and Demographic Questionnaires. Factor Analysis, t-tests, ANOVA, .05 level of significance were used.  Results: Seven factors were identified: Abstinence (Cronbach's alpha 0.827), Negative Effects of Teen Sex (Cronbach's alpha, 0.791), Male Parental Interaction (Cronbach's alpha, 0.782), Talk to Parent (Cronbach's alpha, 0.779), Teens Future Perceptions (Cronbach's alpha, 0.774), Use of Drugs/Alcohol(Cronbach's alpha, 0.72), Female Parental Interaction (Cronbach's alpha, 0.677). Intervention group scored higher than comparison group on Abstinence (t=13.161, p=<.001), Female Parental Interaction (t= 2.549, p=.011), Future Perceptions (t=3.645, p<.001), Negative Effects of Teen Sex (t=4.774, p<.001) and lower on Drug/Alcohol Use(t=-9.372, p<.001). Intervention  group was significantly different on pre- post-test scores for Female Parental Interaction (2.881, p=.004), Talk to Parent ( -2.203, p=.028). Comparison group had different pre- post-test scores for Drug/Alcohol Use (-2.934, p=.003), Future Perceptions (3.747, p<.001). Conclusion: Intervention participants have more significant outcomes related to abstinence behaviors/attitudes than comparison participants. Findings suggest the intervention promotes abstinence, reduces risky behaviors which help prevent teenage pregnancy and health problems. Findings have implications for interventions to prevent teenage pregnancy by fostering abstinence attitudes/behaviors and reducing risky behaviors.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGlobal Perspectives on Teenage Pregnancy: Measuring Risky Behaviors, Abstinence Attitudes and Behaviors and Parent-Teen Communication Using the Adolescent Family Life Core Instrumenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154019-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Global Perspectives on Teenage Pregnancy: Measuring Risky Behaviors, Abstinence Attitudes and Behaviors and Parent-Teen Communication Using the Adolescent Family Life Core Instrument</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sternas, Kathleen A., PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Seton Hall University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sternaka@shu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mary Ann Scharf, EdD; Janet Summerly, BSN, MSN, RN; Wendiann Sethi, MS; RoseMarie Peterkin, MAT</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Teenage birth rates are higher in the USA than England, Wales, Australia, and Canada. High rates of risky behaviors exist among Newark teenagers including drug/alcohol use, sexual activity leading to STD's/HIV/AIDS, teen pregnancy which affect health. This presentation describes: global perspectives on teenage pregnancy and interventions to reduce risky behaviors/teenage pregnancy; the AFL instrument, its factor structure utilizing longitudinal research on teenagers in an evidenced-based intervention that promotes abstinence from drinking/drugs/sex and parent-teen communication; intervention and comparison participant outcomes. Bandura's Social Learning and Piaget's theories guided the intervention on sexuality discussions, mentoring, health/fitness classes, cultural events, community service, and recognition. Methods: Pretest post-test design. Four intervention/five comparison schools participated (N=4076). Intervention participants were randomly selected. Comparison participants were a convenience sample. Intervention/comparison schools were matched on demographic variables. Instruments: AFL Core and Demographic Questionnaires. Factor Analysis, t-tests, ANOVA, .05 level of significance were used.&nbsp; Results: Seven factors were identified: Abstinence (Cronbach's alpha 0.827), Negative Effects of Teen Sex (Cronbach's alpha, 0.791), Male Parental Interaction (Cronbach's alpha, 0.782), Talk to Parent (Cronbach's alpha, 0.779), Teens Future Perceptions (Cronbach's alpha, 0.774), Use of Drugs/Alcohol(Cronbach's alpha, 0.72), Female Parental Interaction (Cronbach's alpha, 0.677). Intervention group scored higher than comparison group on Abstinence (t=13.161, p=&lt;.001), Female Parental Interaction (t= 2.549, p=.011), Future Perceptions (t=3.645, p&lt;.001), Negative Effects of Teen Sex (t=4.774, p&lt;.001) and lower on Drug/Alcohol Use(t=-9.372, p&lt;.001). Intervention &nbsp;group was significantly different on pre- post-test scores for Female Parental Interaction (2.881, p=.004), Talk to Parent ( -2.203, p=.028). Comparison group had different pre- post-test scores for Drug/Alcohol Use (-2.934, p=.003), Future Perceptions (3.747, p&lt;.001). Conclusion: Intervention participants have more significant outcomes related to abstinence behaviors/attitudes than comparison participants. Findings suggest the intervention promotes abstinence, reduces risky behaviors which help prevent teenage pregnancy and health problems. Findings have implications for interventions to prevent teenage pregnancy by fostering abstinence attitudes/behaviors and reducing risky behaviors.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:41:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:41:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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