The Power of a Potential Liver Transplantation: Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions,áOne Family's Journey

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154086
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Power of a Potential Liver Transplantation: Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions,áOne Family's Journey
Abstract:
The Power of a Potential Liver Transplantation: Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions,áOne Family's Journey
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Hansen, Lissi, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Oregon Health & Science University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Mark S. Chesnutt, MD; Judith Kendall, PhD, RN; Judith G. Baggs, PhD, RN; Nancy Press, PhD
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: In the United States, up to 29 percent of patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) who are listed on the transplant waiting list die without a transplant each year. These patients frequently develop complications before an organ becomes available and are often admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for life-sustaining treatments (LST). Research on LST decision-making has considered decisions about LST as discrete events, rather than looking over time at how these decisions may be guided by multiple LST decisions. There has been no attention to LST decisions involving transplant patients and end-of-life during their entire ICU stay. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the longitudinal process during which decisions were made about LST, transplantation, and end-of-life from family members' perspectives for one patient. Methods: A case study design and ethnographic methods were used. Data were collected from 24 hours after the patient's ICU admission to the patient was transferred out of the unit 4 days later. The study involved 38 hours of participant observation, nine interviews with six family members, and daily medical chart reviews. Results: Decisions were made for seven LST: blood products, intubation, endoscopy, Minnesota tube, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, vasopressors, and feeding tube. The LST decision between life and immediate death was more important than others like decisions about vasopressors. Although the death of the patient was a high probability, the goal of all LST decisions was to get the patient re-listed on the transplant waiting list. Implications: This case study provided information that is essential for health care providers who care for family members faced with multiple LST decisions during a patient's same ICU stay. Funding: NINR/NIH # 1 R21 NR009845-01A2
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Power of a Potential Liver Transplantation: Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions,áOne Family's Journeyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154086-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Power of a Potential Liver Transplantation: Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions,&aacute;One Family's Journey</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hansen, Lissi, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Oregon Health &amp; Science University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hansenli@ohsu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mark S. Chesnutt, MD; Judith Kendall, PhD, RN; Judith G. Baggs, PhD, RN; Nancy Press, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Background: In the United States, up to 29 percent of patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) who are listed on the transplant waiting list die without a transplant each year. These patients frequently develop complications before an organ becomes available and are often admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for life-sustaining treatments (LST). Research on LST decision-making has considered decisions about LST as discrete events, rather than looking over time at how these decisions may be guided by multiple LST decisions. There has been no attention to LST decisions involving transplant patients and end-of-life during their entire ICU stay. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the longitudinal process during which decisions were made about LST, transplantation, and end-of-life from family members' perspectives for one patient. Methods: A case study design and ethnographic methods were used. Data were collected from 24 hours after the patient's ICU admission to the patient was transferred out of the unit 4 days later. The study involved 38 hours of participant observation, nine interviews with six family members, and daily medical chart reviews. Results: Decisions were made for seven LST: blood products, intubation, endoscopy, Minnesota tube, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, vasopressors, and feeding tube. The LST decision between life and immediate death was more important than others like decisions about vasopressors. Although the death of the patient was a high probability, the goal of all LST decisions was to get the patient re-listed on the transplant waiting list. Implications: This case study provided information that is essential for health care providers who care for family members faced with multiple LST decisions during a patient's same ICU stay. Funding: NINR/NIH # 1 R21 NR009845-01A2</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:44:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:44:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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