A Cross Sectional Study Investigating The Prevalence Of Psychological Distress And Associated Factors Among People living with AIDS Attending ARV Clinics In Mzuzu, Malawi

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154237
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Cross Sectional Study Investigating The Prevalence Of Psychological Distress And Associated Factors Among People living with AIDS Attending ARV Clinics In Mzuzu, Malawi
Abstract:
A Cross Sectional Study Investigating The Prevalence Of Psychological Distress And Associated Factors Among People living with AIDS Attending ARV Clinics In Mzuzu, Malawi
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Masulani, Charles M., RN
P.I. Institution Name:St. John of God Community Mental Health Services
Title:Assistant Research Coordinator
[Research Presentation] Background: With 14.4% HIV prevalence among Malawians aged 15-49 years, nursing interventions in ARV clinics are focusing more on the physical than psychological care. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors among people living with AIDS (PLWAs) attending ARV clinics in Mzuzu City. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was done among PLWAs attending ARV clinics at Mzuzu Central and St. John's hospitals. 440 clients were sampled using systematic random sampling. The "Self Reporting Questionnaire" (SRQ, social-demographics and other questions on predictive factors for psychological distress were administered verbally to participants. Ethical clearance was sought from COMREC. SPSS and STATA were used to analyze study data. Findings:14.4% of this sample was distressed with 4.5 % having suicidal feelings. Young age, being female, low education, joblessness, poor social economical status were demographic characteristics associated with psychological distress. Shorter duration on ARVs, non-availability of psychological support were some of clinical factors that were predictive of psychological distress. Logistic regression did not give any statistically significant interaction or confounding brought by age, sex and social-economic status in the significant relationships. Conclusions: There is a huge unmanaged psychological distress among PLWAs in ARV clinics. Nurses and other health care providers should do thorough assessments to address health problems for PLWAs comprehensively (physical and psychological).
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Cross Sectional Study Investigating The Prevalence Of Psychological Distress And Associated Factors Among People living with AIDS Attending ARV Clinics In Mzuzu, Malawien_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154237-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Cross Sectional Study Investigating The Prevalence Of Psychological Distress And Associated Factors Among People living with AIDS Attending ARV Clinics In Mzuzu, Malawi</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Masulani, Charles M., RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">St. John of God Community Mental Health Services</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Research Coordinator</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cgmasulani@yahoo.co.uk</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Background: With 14.4% HIV prevalence among Malawians aged 15-49 years, nursing interventions in ARV clinics are focusing more on the physical than psychological care. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors among people living with AIDS (PLWAs) attending ARV clinics in Mzuzu City. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was done among PLWAs attending ARV clinics at Mzuzu Central and St. John's hospitals. 440 clients were sampled using systematic random sampling. The &quot;Self Reporting Questionnaire&quot; (SRQ, social-demographics and other questions on predictive factors for psychological distress were administered verbally to participants. Ethical clearance was sought from COMREC. SPSS and STATA were used to analyze study data. Findings:14.4% of this sample was distressed with 4.5 % having suicidal feelings. Young age, being female, low education, joblessness, poor social economical status were demographic characteristics associated with psychological distress. Shorter duration on ARVs, non-availability of psychological support were some of clinical factors that were predictive of psychological distress. Logistic regression did not give any statistically significant interaction or confounding brought by age, sex and social-economic status in the significant relationships. Conclusions: There is a huge unmanaged psychological distress among PLWAs in ARV clinics. Nurses and other health care providers should do thorough assessments to address health problems for PLWAs comprehensively (physical and psychological).</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:50:46Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:50:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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