Factors Affecting the Progression from Experimental to Regular Smoking in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154257
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Affecting the Progression from Experimental to Regular Smoking in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Abstract:
Factors Affecting the Progression from Experimental to Regular Smoking in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Park, Sunhee, PhD, MPH, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Kyunghee University
Title:Full-time Lecturer
[Research Presentation] It is also well established that most people begin smoking before the age of 20. Most experimental smokers progress toward regular smoking, and heavier smoking has more detrimental impacts on health. Therefore, it is essential to prevent people from becoming regular smokers. However, the progression to regular smoking has not been explored thoroughly. This study examined personal, environmental, and behavioral factors that affect the transition from experimental to regular smoking during adolescence, based on the Problem Behavior Theory. This study analyzed the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. At baseline, the U.S. participants were in grades 7 through 12. This study examined: (a) the effects of factors at baseline on the transition from experimental smoking at baseline to regular smoking at Year 1 and (b) the effects of factors at baseline increasing the risk for current regular smoking at Year 1 as compared to former regular smoking at Year 1, after excluding experimental smoking at Year 1. Principal component analysis was conducted to combine multiple items into a single variable. Multiple imputation was performed to handle missing data. Finally, logistic regression was applied in order to examine which factors affect the risk of the transition to regular smoking among adolescents, while taking into account weight and clustering to incorporate complex sampling methods. Statistically significant factors affecting the transition to regular smoking were: Blacks compared to Whites, younger age, a higher number of friends who smoked, marijuana use, alcohol use, and poorer GPA. Important factors increasing risk for keeping smoking regularly, compared to reducing the amount of cigarette use, were older age, illicit drug use, and cigarette availability at home. Adolescent smoking behavior was influenced by diverse factors such as other risk behaviors and friends. Thus, collaborative approaches are necessary to prevent adolescents from transitioning to a higher level of smoking.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Affecting the Progression from Experimental to Regular Smoking in Adolescence and Young Adulthooden_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154257-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Factors Affecting the Progression from Experimental to Regular Smoking in Adolescence and Young Adulthood</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Park, Sunhee, PhD, MPH, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kyunghee University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Full-time Lecturer</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">spark@khu.ac.kr</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] It is also well established that most people begin smoking before the age of 20. Most experimental smokers progress toward regular smoking, and heavier smoking has more detrimental impacts on health. Therefore, it is essential to prevent people from becoming regular smokers. However, the progression to regular smoking has not been explored thoroughly. This study examined personal, environmental, and behavioral factors that affect the transition from experimental to regular smoking during adolescence, based on the Problem Behavior Theory. This study analyzed the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. At baseline, the U.S. participants were in grades 7 through 12. This study examined: (a) the effects of factors at baseline on the transition from experimental smoking at baseline to regular smoking at Year 1 and (b) the effects of factors at baseline increasing the risk for current regular smoking at Year 1 as compared to former regular smoking at Year 1, after excluding experimental smoking at Year 1. Principal component analysis was conducted to combine multiple items into a single variable. Multiple imputation was performed to handle missing data. Finally, logistic regression was applied in order to examine which factors affect the risk of the transition to regular smoking among adolescents, while taking into account weight and clustering to incorporate complex sampling methods. Statistically significant factors affecting the transition to regular smoking were: Blacks compared to Whites, younger age, a higher number of friends who smoked, marijuana use, alcohol use, and poorer GPA. Important factors increasing risk for keeping smoking regularly, compared to reducing the amount of cigarette use, were older age, illicit drug use, and cigarette availability at home. Adolescent smoking behavior was influenced by diverse factors such as other risk behaviors and friends. Thus, collaborative approaches are necessary to prevent adolescents from transitioning to a higher level of smoking.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:51:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:51:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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