Effects of Music on State Anxiety and Physiologic Indices in Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatment

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154324
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of Music on State Anxiety and Physiologic Indices in Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatment
Abstract:
Effects of Music on State Anxiety and Physiologic Indices in Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatment
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Lai, Hui-Ling, BSN, MPH, MSN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Tzu Chi Hospital
Title:Vice director; Assistant Professor
The purpose of this randomized investigator-blind controlled trial was to examine the effects of music on state anxiety and physiologic indices in patients undergoing root canal treatment (RCT). A psychophysiological theory provides the framework for examining these effects. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 44 adult subjects who were scheduled for RCT appointment. Subjects were randomly assigned to the treatment and the control group using randomization. There were 22 subjects in each group. Subjects in the music group listened to selected-sedative music by headphones throughout the procedure of RCT. Control group subjects worn headphones but without music. Using a repeated measures design with a pretest and five posttests, subjects? heart rate, blood pressure, and finger temperature were measured with the BP monitor and the thermistor respectively before the study and every 10 minutes interval until the end of the RCT procedure. Anxiety was measured with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory before the study, and at the end of the treatment procedure. The results revealed that there were no significant differences between the two groups on baseline data and procedure-related characteristics, except for gender.  However, subjects in the music group showed a significant increase in finger temperature and decrease in stress score across time, whereas the comparison group did not. The findings provide evidence for nurses and dentists to use soothing music as a research-based nursing intervention for anxiety reduction in patients undergoing RCT procedures.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of Music on State Anxiety and Physiologic Indices in Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatmenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154324-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of Music on State Anxiety and Physiologic Indices in Patients Undergoing Root Canal Treatment</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lai, Hui-Ling, BSN, MPH, MSN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Tzu Chi Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Vice director; Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">snowjade@mail.tcu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this randomized investigator-blind controlled trial was to examine the effects of music on state anxiety and physiologic indices in patients undergoing root canal treatment (RCT). A psychophysiological theory provides the framework for examining these effects. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 44 adult subjects who were scheduled for RCT appointment. Subjects were randomly assigned to the treatment and the control group using randomization. There were 22 subjects in each group. Subjects in the music group listened to selected-sedative music by headphones throughout the procedure of RCT. Control group subjects worn headphones but without music. Using a repeated measures design with a pretest and five posttests, subjects? heart rate, blood pressure, and finger temperature were measured with the BP monitor and the thermistor respectively before the study and every 10 minutes interval until the end of the RCT procedure. Anxiety was measured with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory before the study, and at the end of the treatment procedure. The results revealed that there were no significant differences between the two groups on baseline data and procedure-related characteristics, except for gender.&nbsp; However, subjects in the music group showed a significant increase in finger temperature and decrease in stress score across time, whereas the comparison group did not. The findings provide evidence for nurses and dentists to use soothing music as a research-based nursing intervention for anxiety reduction in patients undergoing RCT procedures.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:54:42Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:54:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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