Adequacy of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence with Pregnant Adolescent Smokers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154423
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Adequacy of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence with Pregnant Adolescent Smokers
Abstract:
Adequacy of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence with Pregnant Adolescent Smokers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Braxter, Betty J., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pittsburgh
Title:Post Doctoral Research Associate
[Research Presentation] Nicotine dependence is critical to the maintenance of smoking behaviors and failure to quit. One extant measure, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) (Heatherton, Kozlowski, Frecker & Fagerstrom, 1991), has been widely used with adult populations.áInformation on the adequacy (e.g., reliability and validity) of the FTND as a measure of nicotine dependence with pregnant adolescent smokers is scant.áSpecific aims of this study were to:á1) assess the level of nicotine dependence among African American and Caucasian pregnant adolescent smokers using the FTND; and 2) examine the adequacy of the FTND to quantify nicotine dependence in both ethnic groups. Method: As a secondary analysis of baseline data drawn from four smoking cessation trials, the study employed a correlational descriptive design.áThe sample was comprised of 92 African American (mean age 16.6, S.D 1.3) and 91 Caucasian (mean age 17.0, S.D. 1.1) pregnant adolescent smokers recruited from pre-natal clinics in a mid-sized northeastern city. Participants completed three self-report measures with the 6-item FTND embedded in two of the measures. Analysis: Descriptive statistics, Cronbach's alpha, Kendall Tau and Pearson correlations were employed.áResults: The mean FTND total score was 3.2 (S.D. 1.5) for African American participants compared to 3.6 (S.D. 1.5) for their aucasian counterparts.á For both ethnic groups, the mean baseline total FTND score was indicative of low dependence. Alpha coefficients were respectively 0.26 for the African American participants versus 0.55 for the Caucasian participants.áFor African American participants, very modest correlations between FTND items and validity indicators were found compared to modest correlations reported for Caucasian participants. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the FTND did not meet minimum reliability standards for both of the ethnic groups. Validity of the scale with African American participants was not well supported.á In contrast, the scale performed well with Caucasian participants.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAdequacy of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence with Pregnant Adolescent Smokersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154423-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Adequacy of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence with Pregnant Adolescent Smokers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Braxter, Betty J., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pittsburgh</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Post Doctoral Research Associate</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bjbst32@pitt.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Nicotine dependence is critical to the maintenance of smoking behaviors and failure to quit. One extant measure, the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) (Heatherton, Kozlowski, Frecker &amp; Fagerstrom, 1991), has been widely used with adult populations.&aacute;Information on the adequacy (e.g., reliability and validity) of the FTND as a measure of nicotine dependence with pregnant adolescent smokers is scant.&aacute;Specific aims of this study were to:&aacute;1) assess the level of nicotine dependence among African American and Caucasian pregnant adolescent smokers using the FTND; and 2) examine the adequacy of the FTND to quantify nicotine dependence in both ethnic groups. Method: As a secondary analysis of baseline data drawn from four smoking cessation trials, the study employed a correlational descriptive design.&aacute;The sample was comprised of 92 African American (mean age 16.6, S.D 1.3) and 91 Caucasian (mean age 17.0, S.D. 1.1) pregnant adolescent smokers recruited from pre-natal clinics in a mid-sized northeastern city. Participants completed three self-report measures with the 6-item FTND embedded in two of the measures. Analysis: Descriptive statistics, Cronbach's alpha, Kendall Tau and Pearson correlations were employed.&aacute;Results: The mean FTND total score was 3.2 (S.D. 1.5) for African American participants compared to 3.6 (S.D. 1.5) for their aucasian counterparts.&aacute; For both ethnic groups, the mean baseline total FTND score was indicative of low dependence. Alpha coefficients were respectively 0.26 for the African American participants versus 0.55 for the Caucasian participants.&aacute;For African American participants, very modest correlations between FTND items and validity indicators were found compared to modest correlations reported for Caucasian participants. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the FTND did not meet minimum reliability standards for both of the ethnic groups. Validity of the scale with African American participants was not well supported.&aacute; In contrast, the scale performed well with Caucasian participants.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T12:59:13Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T12:59:13Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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