2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154571
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Esteem Enhancement in Rural School-Age Children
Abstract:
Self-Esteem Enhancement in Rural School-Age Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Pelish, Peggy L., PhD, APRN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Nebraska Medical Center
Title:Associate Professor
Objective: Measure the changes in self-esteem of children living in rural communities after a four lesson self-esteem enhancement program (SEEP). Design: Pre-test/Post-test with a 4 lesson intervention. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Fifth and sixth grade children (N=143) in rural community schools in the United States from 2001-2003. Variables: Dependent variables: subscores from the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory; Independent variables: gender, race, household makeup, friends, best friend, physical size, chores, activities and socio-economic status. Methods: A convenience sample of children completed pre-tests and a demographic tool. They attended four self-esteem enhancement lessons. Post-test self-esteem scores were collected. Findings: Three self-esteem subscores covering general, school and total areas increased significantly over time (p<.05). Female children had more significant changes than males on the general, school and total subscores. Mean scores showed that children who had friends were significantly different than those without friends on both testings. Those with friends had a significant change in the general, school and total subscores over time. Children with lower socioeconomic status had lower scores at pre and post testing with significance on school and total subscores at the post-test. Significant differences were found on all subscores between the children in traditional two parent homes versus those in single parent, divorced or step-family homes. There was no significant relationship among racial group, body size, or number of household chores or activities. Conclusion: A self-esteem enhancement program offered to school age children may be effective in enhancing self-esteem and contributing to optimum health. Findings support the effectiveness of SEEP for females, children with friends, those in lower socioeconomic groups and those in traditional homes. Implications: Nurses can facilitate the delivery of self-esteem enhancement programs within school and community groups. Future research can identify other factors contributing to the differences between the variables.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Esteem Enhancement in Rural School-Age Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154571-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Self-Esteem Enhancement in Rural School-Age Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Pelish, Peggy L., PhD, APRN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Nebraska Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ppelish@unmc.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: Measure the changes in self-esteem of children living in rural communities after a four lesson self-esteem enhancement program (SEEP). Design: Pre-test/Post-test with a 4 lesson intervention. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Fifth and sixth grade children (N=143) in rural community schools in the United States from 2001-2003. Variables: Dependent variables: subscores from the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory; Independent variables: gender, race, household makeup, friends, best friend, physical size, chores, activities and socio-economic status. Methods: A convenience sample of children completed pre-tests and a demographic tool. They attended four self-esteem enhancement lessons. Post-test self-esteem scores were collected. Findings: Three self-esteem subscores covering general, school and total areas increased significantly over time (p&lt;.05). Female children had more significant changes than males on the general, school and total subscores. Mean scores showed that children who had friends were significantly different than those without friends on both testings. Those with friends had a significant change in the general, school and total subscores over time. Children with lower socioeconomic status had lower scores at pre and post testing with significance on school and total subscores at the post-test. Significant differences were found on all subscores between the children in traditional two parent homes versus those in single parent, divorced or step-family homes. There was no significant relationship among racial group, body size, or number of household chores or activities. Conclusion: A self-esteem enhancement program offered to school age children may be effective in enhancing self-esteem and contributing to optimum health. Findings support the effectiveness of SEEP for females, children with friends, those in lower socioeconomic groups and those in traditional homes. Implications: Nurses can facilitate the delivery of self-esteem enhancement programs within school and community groups. Future research can identify other factors contributing to the differences between the variables.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:06:18Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:06:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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