Knowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Nurses Towards Radiation Emergencies

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154641
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Knowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Nurses Towards Radiation Emergencies
Abstract:
Knowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Nurses Towards Radiation Emergencies
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Veenema, Tener Goodwin, RN, PhD, MPH, MS, CPNP
P.I. Institution Name:University of Rochester
Title:associate professor
Co-Authors:Barbara Hellman, RN, MS; Kathee Tyo, RN, MS; Michael Stapleton, RN
Purpose: To describe hospital-based nurses knowledge and attitudes regarding clinical response to radiation emergencies, and their willingness to come to work during a major radiation event. Methods: Cross-sectional survey research employing a purposive sample of 190 hospital-based nurses from nine selected units at two upstate New York hospitals. A preliminary focus group was conducted with a sample of twenty-one nurses in order to identify critical domains for investigation. Focus group data was coded and analyzed using CDC EZ-text. A self-administered survey tool was then developed to investigate the conceptual domains of baseline level of knowledge, sense of clinical competence, perception of personal safety, and willingness to respond. The survey design and validation process included review of published surveys and existing national examinations for radiation knowledge. Event scenarios and survey questions were reviewed for validity and reliability by three experts in radiation safety/radiation biology. The survey was pre-tested and pilot tested with nursing students at the University of Rochester. Survey data was analyzed using SPSS 11.0. Findings: Hospital-based nurses do not possess the knowledge to adequately assess and manage victims of a radiation emergency. Hospital-based nurses reported that they did not feel clinically competent with respect to radiation emergencies, nor did they possess a perception of personal safety. Three independent variables (baseline level of knowledge, sense of clinical competence and perception of personal safety) were predictors of nurses' willingness to respond/come to work during a major radiation incident or emergency. Conclusions: Hospital-based nurses do not possess an adequate understanding of radiation and the appropriate clinical response to victims of radiation. Hospital-based nurses do not possess a sense of clinical competence nor do they possess a perception of personal safety. Because of these knowledge deficits and attitudes, hospital-based nurses may not be willing to come to work during a major radiation emergency.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleKnowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Nurses Towards Radiation Emergenciesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154641-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Knowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Nurses Towards Radiation Emergencies</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Veenema, Tener Goodwin, RN, PhD, MPH, MS, CPNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Rochester</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">associate professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Tener_Veenema@urmc.rochester.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Barbara Hellman, RN, MS; Kathee Tyo, RN, MS; Michael Stapleton, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: To describe hospital-based nurses knowledge and attitudes regarding clinical response to radiation emergencies, and their willingness to come to work during a major radiation event. Methods: Cross-sectional survey research employing a purposive sample of 190 hospital-based nurses from nine selected units at two upstate New York hospitals. A preliminary focus group was conducted with a sample of twenty-one nurses in order to identify critical domains for investigation. Focus group data was coded and analyzed using CDC EZ-text. A self-administered survey tool was then developed to investigate the conceptual domains of baseline level of knowledge, sense of clinical competence, perception of personal safety, and willingness to respond. The survey design and validation process included review of published surveys and existing national examinations for radiation knowledge. Event scenarios and survey questions were reviewed for validity and reliability by three experts in radiation safety/radiation biology. The survey was pre-tested and pilot tested with nursing students at the University of Rochester. Survey data was analyzed using SPSS 11.0. Findings: Hospital-based nurses do not possess the knowledge to adequately assess and manage victims of a radiation emergency. Hospital-based nurses reported that they did not feel clinically competent with respect to radiation emergencies, nor did they possess a perception of personal safety. Three independent variables (baseline level of knowledge, sense of clinical competence and perception of personal safety) were predictors of nurses' willingness to respond/come to work during a major radiation incident or emergency. Conclusions: Hospital-based nurses do not possess an adequate understanding of radiation and the appropriate clinical response to victims of radiation. Hospital-based nurses do not possess a sense of clinical competence nor do they possess a perception of personal safety. Because of these knowledge deficits and attitudes, hospital-based nurses may not be willing to come to work during a major radiation emergency.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:09:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:09:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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