The Psychosocial Impact of Breast Cancer in a Sample of Women in the First Year Following Diagnosis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154718
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Psychosocial Impact of Breast Cancer in a Sample of Women in the First Year Following Diagnosis
Abstract:
The Psychosocial Impact of Breast Cancer in a Sample of Women in the First Year Following Diagnosis
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:June, 2001
Author:Lyons, Margaret
P.I. Institution Name:University of Alabama
Objective: This study examined what it was like for ten women to live with a diagnosis of breast cancer during the first year following diagnosis. Design: Phenomenology. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The sample for this study was a convenience sample of ten women obtained from a local cancer center who were diagnosed with breast cancer. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: The meaning of living with a diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods: Audio taped interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide, were conducted with ten women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Interviews were conducted within the first year following diagnosis. Findings: Data were examined from three overlapping phases of the experience: the diagnostic phase, the treatment phase, and the post-treatment phase. The diagnostic phase was conceptualized as a period of impact in which five themes were identified: 1) initial trauma, 2) fear, 3) being strong, 4) multiple stressors, and 5) spiritual awareness. The treatment phase, one of re-traumatization, was characterized by five themes: 1) informed choice, 2) dealing with symptoms, 3) grieving, 4) determination to fight, and 5) support from others. Three themes depicted the post-treatment phase of resolution/healing: 1) fear of reoccurrence, 2) behavioral changes, and 3) personal growth. Conclusions: The central meaning statement that best described the experience of women living with breast cancer during the first year following diagnosis is that the experience is a gradual process in which an initial trauma takes place, re-traumatization occurs, and all efforts are directed at resolution/healing. Implications: This study has implications for practitioners who treat patients with breast cancer, for the families and friends who provide emotional support, and for the clients themselves who are cancer victims. The findings provide a basis for understanding the experiences of those living with breast cancer, for the development of timely and appropriate interventions, and for further research that examines quality of life issues in this population.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jun-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Psychosocial Impact of Breast Cancer in a Sample of Women in the First Year Following Diagnosisen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154718-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Psychosocial Impact of Breast Cancer in a Sample of Women in the First Year Following Diagnosis</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">June, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lyons, Margaret</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Alabama</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mylons@nursing.ua.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This study examined what it was like for ten women to live with a diagnosis of breast cancer during the first year following diagnosis. Design: Phenomenology. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The sample for this study was a convenience sample of ten women obtained from a local cancer center who were diagnosed with breast cancer. Concept or Variables Studied Together or Intervention and Outcome Variables: The meaning of living with a diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods: Audio taped interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide, were conducted with ten women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Interviews were conducted within the first year following diagnosis. Findings: Data were examined from three overlapping phases of the experience: the diagnostic phase, the treatment phase, and the post-treatment phase. The diagnostic phase was conceptualized as a period of impact in which five themes were identified: 1) initial trauma, 2) fear, 3) being strong, 4) multiple stressors, and 5) spiritual awareness. The treatment phase, one of re-traumatization, was characterized by five themes: 1) informed choice, 2) dealing with symptoms, 3) grieving, 4) determination to fight, and 5) support from others. Three themes depicted the post-treatment phase of resolution/healing: 1) fear of reoccurrence, 2) behavioral changes, and 3) personal growth. Conclusions: The central meaning statement that best described the experience of women living with breast cancer during the first year following diagnosis is that the experience is a gradual process in which an initial trauma takes place, re-traumatization occurs, and all efforts are directed at resolution/healing. Implications: This study has implications for practitioners who treat patients with breast cancer, for the families and friends who provide emotional support, and for the clients themselves who are cancer victims. The findings provide a basis for understanding the experiences of those living with breast cancer, for the development of timely and appropriate interventions, and for further research that examines quality of life issues in this population.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:13:20Z-
dc.date.issued2001-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:13:20Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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