The Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults on Health Status Outcomes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154809
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults on Health Status Outcomes
Abstract:
The Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults on Health Status Outcomes
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Howard, Elizabeth P., PhD, RN, BC-ACNP
P.I. Institution Name:Northeastern University
Inactivity is perhaps the greatest health threat for older adults. Physiologic changes that occur with decreased activity have a profound impact on an individual's functional ability and, for the elderly, these changes are magnified. Objective: The major goals of this pilot project was to determine if the implementation of a community based dance and exercise program in an urban setting produces favorable health status outcomes among pre-frail, older adults. Design: The author implemented a randomized contolled trial with repeated measures to examine the research variables. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The sample was drawn from the population of pre-frail older adults living in a residential area of a large metropolitan city. A local neighborhood health center provided the link with the residents of the area. Thirteen women with a mean age of 75 years participated in the project for 2 years. The dance and exercise program was held in a meeting room of an elderly apartment complex. Intervention and Outcome Variables: Study subject participated in a dance and exercise class twice weekly which served as the intervention for the study. Outcomes variables were functional capacity, measured by a physical performance test, self-perception of health, measured by the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form (SF-36), and mood state as measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Methods: Repeated-measures design over a two-year period with three data colletion points each year. Findings: There were no changes in functional capacity and study participants showed an improvement in mood state. Self-perception of health remained unchanged. Conclusions: Implementation of a dance and exercise program in an urban community produces favorable health status outcomes particularly no change in functional capacity and improvement in mood state. Implications: Community based interventions can be effective in maintaining functional ability among older adults and improving their health status.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults on Health Status Outcomesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154809-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of a Community-Based Exercise Program for Older Adults on Health Status Outcomes</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Howard, Elizabeth P., PhD, RN, BC-ACNP</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Northeastern University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">e.howard@neu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Inactivity is perhaps the greatest health threat for older adults. Physiologic changes that occur with decreased activity have a profound impact on an individual's functional ability and, for the elderly, these changes are magnified. Objective: The major goals of this pilot project was to determine if the implementation of a community based dance and exercise program in an urban setting produces favorable health status outcomes among pre-frail, older adults. Design: The author implemented a randomized contolled trial with repeated measures to examine the research variables. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: The sample was drawn from the population of pre-frail older adults living in a residential area of a large metropolitan city. A local neighborhood health center provided the link with the residents of the area. Thirteen women with a mean age of 75 years participated in the project for 2 years. The dance and exercise program was held in a meeting room of an elderly apartment complex. Intervention and Outcome Variables: Study subject participated in a dance and exercise class twice weekly which served as the intervention for the study. Outcomes variables were functional capacity, measured by a physical performance test, self-perception of health, measured by the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form (SF-36), and mood state as measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Methods: Repeated-measures design over a two-year period with three data colletion points each year. Findings: There were no changes in functional capacity and study participants showed an improvement in mood state. Self-perception of health remained unchanged. Conclusions: Implementation of a dance and exercise program in an urban community produces favorable health status outcomes particularly no change in functional capacity and improvement in mood state. Implications: Community based interventions can be effective in maintaining functional ability among older adults and improving their health status.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:17:46Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:17:46Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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