The Relationship of Empathy in Baccalaureate Nursing Students and Their Clinical Mentors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154861
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship of Empathy in Baccalaureate Nursing Students and Their Clinical Mentors
Abstract:
The Relationship of Empathy in Baccalaureate Nursing Students and Their Clinical Mentors
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Mahan, Pamela L., DSN, MA, BS, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Armstrong Atlantic State University
Title:Assistant Professor of Nursing
Co-Authors:Sylvia K. Fields EdD, MEd, MA, R, N, Senior Research Associate, Center for Research and Medical Education and Healthcare, Thomas Jefferson University
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:  1)  To examine the personal and educational characteristics that influence baccalaureate nursing student scores on the Jefferson Scale of Empathy Health Provider-Student Version (JSEHP-SV); 2) To determine if there is a correlation between empathy scores of baccalaureate nursing students and their clinical mentors
 Methods:  Descriptive, two-year longitudinal and correlational design. Instrument: The two versions of the psychometrically validated Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Provider-Student Version (JSE-HP-SV) for the nursing students, and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Provider (JSE-HP) for the clinical mentors. A convenience sample of 265 male and female third and fourth year baccalaureate nursing students, and 136 clinical nursing mentors. Correlational analyses, t-tests, and ANOVA were used for statistical analysis with the SAS 9.1 version for Windows.
 Results: There was a statistically significant difference in total mean scores (t (419) = 4.69; p < 0.01) between 265 (111.4) and 136 clinical nurses (117.2). Comparison of the two groups on their responses to the individual items of the JSE (using t-test for independent groups) showed statistically significant differences on 10 of the 20 item survey (50%). Mean JSE-HP-SV scores were higher for female students (112.5) than for male students (104.1). Mean JSE-HP-SV scores were higher (118.4) for female students over 40 (including RN-BSN and first semester generic baccalaureate students) than for students 20 - 29 years (109.7).
  Conclusion: The lack of clinical and life experiences that may be responsible for the increase in the clinical mentor's scores are conversely responsible for the decrease in the students empathy scores. The results on the gender mean scores support previous studies that females are generally more empathetic than male students. The results on for the mean age empathy scores may indicate that the life experiences can positively impact the level of empathy.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship of Empathy in Baccalaureate Nursing Students and Their Clinical Mentorsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154861-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Relationship of Empathy in Baccalaureate Nursing Students and Their Clinical Mentors</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mahan, Pamela L., DSN, MA, BS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Armstrong Atlantic State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pamela.mahan@armstrong.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Sylvia K. Fields EdD, MEd, MA, R, N, Senior Research Associate, Center for Research and Medical Education and Healthcare, Thomas Jefferson University</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp; 1)&nbsp; To examine the personal and educational characteristics that influence baccalaureate nursing student scores on the Jefferson Scale of Empathy Health Provider-Student Version (JSEHP-SV); 2)&nbsp;To determine if there is a correlation between empathy scores of baccalaureate nursing students and their clinical mentors <br/>&nbsp;Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;Descriptive, two-year longitudinal and correlational design. Instrument: The two versions of the psychometrically validated Jefferson Scale of&nbsp;Empathy-Health Provider-Student Version (JSE-HP-SV) for the nursing students, and the Jefferson Scale of&nbsp;Empathy-Health Provider (JSE-HP) for the clinical mentors.&nbsp;A convenience sample of 265 male and female third and fourth year baccalaureate nursing students, and 136&nbsp;clinical nursing mentors.&nbsp;Correlational analyses, t-tests, and ANOVA were used for statistical analysis with the SAS 9.1 version for Windows.<br/>&nbsp;Results:&nbsp;There&nbsp;was a statistically significant difference in total mean scores (t (419) = 4.69; p &lt; 0.01) between 265 (111.4) and 136 clinical nurses (117.2). Comparison of the two groups on their responses to the individual items of the JSE (using t-test for independent groups) showed statistically significant differences on 10 of the 20 item survey (50%). Mean JSE-HP-SV scores were higher for female students (112.5) than for male students (104.1). Mean JSE-HP-SV scores were higher (118.4)&nbsp;for female students over 40 (including RN-BSN and first semester generic baccalaureate students) than for students 20 - 29 years (109.7). <br/>&nbsp;&nbsp;Conclusion:&nbsp;The lack of clinical and life experiences that may be responsible for the increase in the clinical mentor's scores are conversely responsible for the decrease in the students empathy scores. The results on the gender mean scores support previous studies that females are generally more empathetic than male students. The results on for the mean age empathy scores may indicate that the life experiences can positively impact the level of empathy.<br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:20:19Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:20:19Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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