2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154899
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Self-Esteem as a Mediating Variable in Arthritis
Abstract:
Self-Esteem as a Mediating Variable in Arthritis
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:June, 2001
Author:Arslanian, Christine
P.I. Institution Name:Tucson Orthopaedic Institute Research Foundation
Title:Professor
Objective: Arthritis is a chronic illness that often requires personal and social adjustments in all aspects of daily life. While some patients experiencing advanced disease activity perceive higher levels of well-being, other patients with minor disease activity perceive lower levels of well-being. The objective of the study was to examine whether there are mediating variables that link disease activity with perceived level of well-being. Design: A descriptive correlational design with a causal model approach was used. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A total of 128 subjects with arthritis participated in the study. Fifty-nine subjects (46%) had rheumatoid arthritis and 64 subjects (54%) had a diagnosis of osteoarthritis. There were 36 (28%) male and 92 (71%) female subjects. There was a mean age of 66 years with a range of 29-88 years. Concept or Variables Studied Together: The variables examined in this study were severity of illness and uncertainty. Self-esteem was examined as the mediating variable. Well-being was examined as the outcome variable. Methods: Subjects were contacted through a local orthopedic practice. After reading and signing an informed consent, subjects completed questionnaires for each of the variables under study. Severity of illness was measured using the Arthritis Index of Disease Activity. Uncertainty was measured using the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale. Self-Esteem was measured using the Self-Esteem Scale. Well-being was measured using the Symphony Scale. Questionnaires were returned in pre-addressed, postage paid envelopes. Findings: Results demonstrated that the variability of well-being was highly dependent on self-esteem and uncertainty. Thirty-nine percent of that variability can be explained by self-esteem and uncertainty. Severity of illness was not a significant predictor of well-being in this model. Results also demonstrated that in the presence of self-esteem, the link between uncertainty and well-being is weakened. This demonstrates that self-esteem serves as a mediating variable. Conclusions: Results showed that major changes in the severity of illness are out of control of the individual. However, well-being can be maintained within this population by increasing self-esteem. Implications: Information about the disease provided to patients with a chronic illness accompanied by teaching regarding established expectations for the outcomes decrease uncertainty surrounding the illness. The concomitant implementation of therapeutic activities promoting self-esteem will also aid in increasing the perception of well-being.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jun-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSelf-Esteem as a Mediating Variable in Arthritisen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154899-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Self-Esteem as a Mediating Variable in Arthritis</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">June, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Arslanian, Christine</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Tucson Orthopaedic Institute Research Foundation</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">arslanphd@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: Arthritis is a chronic illness that often requires personal and social adjustments in all aspects of daily life. While some patients experiencing advanced disease activity perceive higher levels of well-being, other patients with minor disease activity perceive lower levels of well-being. The objective of the study was to examine whether there are mediating variables that link disease activity with perceived level of well-being. Design: A descriptive correlational design with a causal model approach was used. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A total of 128 subjects with arthritis participated in the study. Fifty-nine subjects (46%) had rheumatoid arthritis and 64 subjects (54%) had a diagnosis of osteoarthritis. There were 36 (28%) male and 92 (71%) female subjects. There was a mean age of 66 years with a range of 29-88 years. Concept or Variables Studied Together: The variables examined in this study were severity of illness and uncertainty. Self-esteem was examined as the mediating variable. Well-being was examined as the outcome variable. Methods: Subjects were contacted through a local orthopedic practice. After reading and signing an informed consent, subjects completed questionnaires for each of the variables under study. Severity of illness was measured using the Arthritis Index of Disease Activity. Uncertainty was measured using the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale. Self-Esteem was measured using the Self-Esteem Scale. Well-being was measured using the Symphony Scale. Questionnaires were returned in pre-addressed, postage paid envelopes. Findings: Results demonstrated that the variability of well-being was highly dependent on self-esteem and uncertainty. Thirty-nine percent of that variability can be explained by self-esteem and uncertainty. Severity of illness was not a significant predictor of well-being in this model. Results also demonstrated that in the presence of self-esteem, the link between uncertainty and well-being is weakened. This demonstrates that self-esteem serves as a mediating variable. Conclusions: Results showed that major changes in the severity of illness are out of control of the individual. However, well-being can be maintained within this population by increasing self-esteem. Implications: Information about the disease provided to patients with a chronic illness accompanied by teaching regarding established expectations for the outcomes decrease uncertainty surrounding the illness. The concomitant implementation of therapeutic activities promoting self-esteem will also aid in increasing the perception of well-being.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:22:10Z-
dc.date.issued2001-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:22:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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