2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154910
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A correlational profile of sexuality in community-based older women
Abstract:
A correlational profile of sexuality in community-based older women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Johnson, Beverly, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Pacific Lutheran University, School of Nursing
Title:Associate Professor
Objective: To identify the biopsychosocial components of sexuality and their interrelationships among older women who reside in the community.



Design: This nonexperimental study was a descriptive-correlational study.



Population: For the sample the mean age was 65.3 years (range: 51 to 89). Forty seven percent of the women were married and 32% were widowed. Thirty five percent of the women had had some college education and one third had at least a bachelor's degree. Ninety six percent described themselves as white or Caucasian. Three fourths of the women reported being "spiritual" and "satisfied" with their lives. Three fourths of the sample said they had at least "good" health. Forty two percent of the women had had a hysterectomy while 40% had arthritis and 26% had high blood pressure.



Variables: Variables in the survey included selected demographics, health, self esteem, intimacy, sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes, and sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction for a range of sexual behaviors.



Method: 666 women ages 50 and older (primarily readers of AARP's Modern Maturity) completed a 110-item anonymous survey. Instruments included Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale. Alford's Knowledge regarding Sexuality in the Aged Tool, Alford's Attitudes toward Sexuality in the Aged Too, Weiss' Intimacy Ranking Scale, and Johnson's Sexual Activities Scale (developed by the investigator). Reliability coefficients for seven major variables ranged from .52 (sexual knowledge) to .92 (intimacy). The mean scores on a 4-point Likert scale (1=least; 4=most) ranged from 3.1 (sexual participation & satisfaction) to 3.47 (Sexual attitudes). Sexual knowledge (0=false; 1=true) had a mean of 6.73 on a 9-point scale. Correlational methods were used for analysis.



Findings: Pearson r correlations described significant relationships among selected variables in the study, including the major seven variables. Stepwise multiple regression procedures for sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction showed the variance accounted for by the variables in the equations ranged from .61 to .76 when two of these three sexual variables were predictors of the third variable. The adjusted R squared declined to .31 to .34 when two of these three variables were excluded from the prediction equations.



Additional results included descriptions of women's interest, participation, and satisfaction for a range of 15 sexual behaviors. Women also compared their overall present sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction to their past perceptions of these aspects of sexual behavior.



Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest interrelated variables to provide a multidimensional view of older women's sexuality and can increase our understanding of components of older women's sexuality. The results also suggest areas for further sexual research among other samples of older women.



Clinical Implications: The results of this study provide a framework for nursing assessment and intervention in the area of older women and sexuality.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA correlational profile of sexuality in community-based older womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154910-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A correlational profile of sexuality in community-based older women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Johnson, Beverly, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Pacific Lutheran University, School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bkj@stt1.uswest.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To identify the biopsychosocial components of sexuality and their interrelationships among older women who reside in the community.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Design: This nonexperimental study was a descriptive-correlational study.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Population: For the sample the mean age was 65.3 years (range: 51 to 89). Forty seven percent of the women were married and 32% were widowed. Thirty five percent of the women had had some college education and one third had at least a bachelor's degree. Ninety six percent described themselves as white or Caucasian. Three fourths of the women reported being &quot;spiritual&quot; and &quot;satisfied&quot; with their lives. Three fourths of the sample said they had at least &quot;good&quot; health. Forty two percent of the women had had a hysterectomy while 40% had arthritis and 26% had high blood pressure.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Variables: Variables in the survey included selected demographics, health, self esteem, intimacy, sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes, and sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction for a range of sexual behaviors.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Method: 666 women ages 50 and older (primarily readers of AARP's Modern Maturity) completed a 110-item anonymous survey. Instruments included Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale. Alford's Knowledge regarding Sexuality in the Aged Tool, Alford's Attitudes toward Sexuality in the Aged Too, Weiss' Intimacy Ranking Scale, and Johnson's Sexual Activities Scale (developed by the investigator). Reliability coefficients for seven major variables ranged from .52 (sexual knowledge) to .92 (intimacy). The mean scores on a 4-point Likert scale (1=least; 4=most) ranged from 3.1 (sexual participation &amp; satisfaction) to 3.47 (Sexual attitudes). Sexual knowledge (0=false; 1=true) had a mean of 6.73 on a 9-point scale. Correlational methods were used for analysis.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Findings: Pearson r correlations described significant relationships among selected variables in the study, including the major seven variables. Stepwise multiple regression procedures for sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction showed the variance accounted for by the variables in the equations ranged from .61 to .76 when two of these three sexual variables were predictors of the third variable. The adjusted R squared declined to .31 to .34 when two of these three variables were excluded from the prediction equations.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Additional results included descriptions of women's interest, participation, and satisfaction for a range of 15 sexual behaviors. Women also compared their overall present sexual interest, participation, and satisfaction to their past perceptions of these aspects of sexual behavior.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest interrelated variables to provide a multidimensional view of older women's sexuality and can increase our understanding of components of older women's sexuality. The results also suggest areas for further sexual research among other samples of older women.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Clinical Implications: The results of this study provide a framework for nursing assessment and intervention in the area of older women and sexuality.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:22:42Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:22:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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