The Influence of Antenatal Education Classes on the Levels of Anxiety and Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Nulliparous Israeli Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/154948
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Influence of Antenatal Education Classes on the Levels of Anxiety and Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Nulliparous Israeli Women
Abstract:
The Influence of Antenatal Education Classes on the Levels of Anxiety and Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Nulliparous Israeli Women
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Khaikin, Rut, MA, CNM, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Title:Head of Women's Health Nursing
Co-Authors:Shoshana Kelishek, MPA, CNM, RN; Yehudith Marcus, MA, RN; Aya Segal, MPH, CNM, RN; Chaya Balik, RN, PhD
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Childbirth self-efficacy is an important factor influencing  women's   abilities to cope with labor pain and birth. Evidence of the efficacy of antenatal education to strengthen women's self-efficacy to cope with childbirth is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of antenatal education classes on the levels of anxiety and childbirth self-efficacy in nulliparous Israeli women.  Methods: An observational study was conducted on a convenience sample of 31women who participated in a five-week antenatal education program including a visit of a delivery room and 39 women who participated in a two-week antenatal education program. The participants completed questionnaires measuring anxiety and childbirth self-efficacy before and after attending classes. Another 32 women who did not attend any antenatal programs completed the same questionnaires.                 Results: ANOVA and the paired t-test were used to analyze data. Both the short and long antenatal education programs resulted in a significant decrease of childbirth-associated anxiety (p=.004). After completion of antenatal programs, the anxiety levels were strongly associated with the childbirth self-efficacy levels (r=.35, p=.001). However, attending the programs had no significant impact on the level of childbirth self-efficacy (p>.05). Furthermore, the levels of anxiety and self-efficacy of women who did not attend any antenatal programs were similar to those who did (p>.05). Conclusion: A lack of influence of the antenatal education programs on the level of childbirth self-efficacy raises questions about the contribution of antenatal education and the role of midwives in applying learning strategies to enhance coping with labor pain and birth and to strengthen women's childbirth self-efficacy.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Influence of Antenatal Education Classes on the Levels of Anxiety and Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Nulliparous Israeli Womenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/154948-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Influence of Antenatal Education Classes on the Levels of Anxiety and Childbirth Self-Efficacy in Nulliparous Israeli Women</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Khaikin, Rut, MA, CNM, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Head of Women's Health Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">rutkhaikin@gmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Shoshana Kelishek, MPA, CNM, RN; Yehudith Marcus, MA, RN; Aya Segal, MPH, CNM, RN; Chaya Balik, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Childbirth self-efficacy is an important factor influencing&nbsp;&nbsp;women's&nbsp;&nbsp; abilities to cope with labor pain and birth. Evidence of the efficacy of antenatal education to strengthen women's self-efficacy to cope with childbirth is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of antenatal education classes on the levels of anxiety and childbirth self-efficacy in nulliparous Israeli women.&nbsp; Methods: An observational study was conducted on a convenience sample of 31women who participated in a five-week antenatal education program including a visit of a delivery room and 39 women who participated in a two-week antenatal education program. The participants completed questionnaires measuring anxiety and childbirth self-efficacy before and after attending classes. Another 32 women who did not attend any antenatal programs completed the same questionnaires. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Results: ANOVA and the paired t-test were used to analyze data. Both the short and long antenatal education programs resulted in a significant decrease of childbirth-associated anxiety (p=.004). After completion of antenatal programs, the anxiety levels were strongly associated with the childbirth self-efficacy levels (r=.35, p=.001). However, attending the programs had no significant impact on the level of childbirth self-efficacy (p&gt;.05). Furthermore, the levels of anxiety and self-efficacy of women who did not attend any antenatal programs were similar to those who did (p&gt;.05).&nbsp;Conclusion: A lack of influence of the antenatal education programs on the level of childbirth self-efficacy raises questions about the contribution of antenatal education and the role of midwives in applying learning strategies to enhance coping with labor pain and birth and to strengthen women's childbirth self-efficacy.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:24:31Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:24:31Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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