Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development and Education to Test Women's Knowledge of Female MI Symptoms Using Acronyms

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155019
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development and Education to Test Women's Knowledge of Female MI Symptoms Using Acronyms
Abstract:
Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development and Education to Test Women's Knowledge of Female MI Symptoms Using Acronyms
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Fahs, Pamela, DSN
P.I. Institution Name:Binghamton University
Title:Professor & Decker Chair in Rural Nursing
Co-Authors:Melanie Kalman, PhD, RN
21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Heart disease is the number one cause of death for women. Women with CHD exhibit more risk factors then men but are less likely to link these risk factors to future MIs. Women's MI symptoms are different from men, yet they are less likely to recognize MI symptoms and to seek treatment. No instruments exist that test a general female population on women's knowledge of MI symptoms and no educational program using acronyms. The purpose is to develop an educational program and an instrument testing a diverse group of women's knowledge of MIs and heart disease. Methods: In focus groups (n=20) subjects were asked to share perceptions of heart attacks and heart disease in women. The initial instrument was adapted from several other instruments using the focus group data.ÿ An expert panel examined the instrument for content validity.ÿ Fifty subjects were given a pretest, followed by an educational intervention using two acronyms, and a posttest to assess if knowledge increased. Some of the subjects (n=10) participated in individual interviews to examine how subjects felt the items on the test matched information presented in the program and their understanding of the items. The instrument was revised and made more concise based on quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Women's knowledge of female MI symptoms can be measured in a valid and reliable manner. Conclusion: ÿ It is important to increase cardiac knowledge for women so that they will modify risk behaviors and seek earlier treatment for cardiac issues. Education that is tested with a reliable and valid instrument is essential as the first step. Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of women in the United States and educational interventions must be tested to see if they are efficacious in teaching women about MI symptoms so that they become more heart healthy.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMatters of the Heart: Instrument Development and Education to Test Women's Knowledge of Female MI Symptoms Using Acronymsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155019-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Matters of the Heart: Instrument Development and Education to Test Women's Knowledge of Female MI Symptoms Using Acronyms</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Fahs, Pamela, DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Binghamton University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor &amp; Decker Chair in Rural Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">psfahs@binghamton.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Melanie Kalman, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Research Presentation] Purpose: Heart disease is the number one cause of death for women. Women with CHD exhibit more risk factors then men but are less likely to link these risk factors to future MIs. Women's MI symptoms are different from men, yet they are less likely to recognize MI symptoms and to seek treatment. No instruments exist that test a general female population on women's knowledge of MI symptoms and no educational program using acronyms. The purpose is to develop an educational program and an instrument testing a diverse group of women's knowledge of MIs and heart disease. Methods: In focus groups (n=20) subjects were asked to share perceptions of heart attacks and heart disease in women. The initial instrument was adapted from several other instruments using the focus group data.&yuml; An expert panel examined the instrument for content validity.&yuml; Fifty subjects were given a pretest, followed by an educational intervention using two acronyms, and a posttest to assess if knowledge increased. Some of the subjects (n=10) participated in individual interviews to examine how subjects felt the items on the test matched information presented in the program and their understanding of the items. The instrument was revised and made more concise based on quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results: Women's knowledge of female MI symptoms can be measured in a valid and reliable manner. Conclusion: &yuml; It is important to increase cardiac knowledge for women so that they will modify risk behaviors and seek earlier treatment for cardiac issues. Education that is tested with a reliable and valid instrument is essential as the first step. Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of women in the United States and educational interventions must be tested to see if they are efficacious in teaching women about MI symptoms so that they become more heart healthy.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:28:08Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:28:08Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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