The Effect of Group Music Therapy with Use of Percussion Instruments on Older Adults Attending Community Day-Care Services in Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155075
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of Group Music Therapy with Use of Percussion Instruments on Older Adults Attending Community Day-Care Services in Taiwan
Abstract:
The Effect of Group Music Therapy with Use of Percussion Instruments on Older Adults Attending Community Day-Care Services in Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2008
Author:Chen, Sung-Chi, BSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Mennonite Christian Hospital
Title:Registered Nurse
Co-Authors:Huei-Chuan Sung, PhD, MSN, RN; Tzu-Hsuan Chiu, BSN, RN
[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Music therapy has shown positive outcomes on physiological and psychological well-being among older people; however, little is known about the effect of group music therapy on older adults attending community day-care services. This study aimed to determine the effect of group music therapy with use of percussion instruments on level of depression and quality of life among older adults attending community day-care services. The study used a quasi-experimental design with a purposive sample of older adults who attended two church-based community day-care services in Taiwan. Two day-care services were randomly assigned as the experimental and control group. Twenty participants in the experimental group received 20-minute group music therapy using percussion instruments in the morning, twice a week for 4 weeks. The group music therapy was designed based on use of familiar music of older adults, percussion instruments, and body movements suitable for elders. Thirteen participants in the control group received routine care with no music therapy. Level of depression was assessed by Geriatric Depression Scale, and quality of life was assessed by WHOQOL-100 scale at baseline and week 4. The results indicated that older adults who received 4 weeks of group music therapy with use of percussion instruments had a significant reduction in their depression scores (Z=-3.37, p=0.001), but the improvement on quality of life was not significant. Group music therapy also significantly reduced the level of depression of the older adults in the experimental group compared to those of the control group (Z=-3.1, p=0.002). The study results suggested that group music therapy with use of percussion instruments can be incorporated into day-care activity program planning in order to improve mental health of community-dwelling older adults.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of Group Music Therapy with Use of Percussion Instruments on Older Adults Attending Community Day-Care Services in Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155075-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Effect of Group Music Therapy with Use of Percussion Instruments on Older Adults Attending Community Day-Care Services in Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2008</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Chen, Sung-Chi, BSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mennonite Christian Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Registered Nurse</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">juliana0426@yahoo.com.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Huei-Chuan Sung, PhD, MSN, RN; Tzu-Hsuan Chiu, BSN, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Paper or Poster Presentation] Music therapy has shown positive outcomes on physiological and psychological well-being among older people; however, little is known about the effect of group music therapy on older adults attending community day-care services. This study aimed to determine the effect of group music therapy with use of percussion instruments on level of depression and quality of life among older adults attending community day-care services. The study used a quasi-experimental design with a purposive sample of older adults who attended two church-based community day-care services in Taiwan. Two day-care services were randomly assigned as the experimental and control group. Twenty participants in the experimental group received 20-minute group music therapy using percussion instruments in the morning, twice a week for 4 weeks. The group music therapy was designed based on use of familiar music of older adults, percussion instruments, and body movements suitable for elders. Thirteen participants in the control group received routine care with no music therapy. Level of depression was assessed by Geriatric Depression Scale, and quality of life was assessed by WHOQOL-100 scale at baseline and week 4. The results indicated that older adults who received 4 weeks of group music therapy with use of percussion instruments had a significant reduction in their depression scores (Z=-3.37, p=0.001), but the improvement on quality of life was not significant. Group music therapy also significantly reduced the level of depression of the older adults in the experimental group compared to those of the control group (Z=-3.1, p=0.002). The study results suggested that group music therapy with use of percussion instruments can be incorporated into day-care activity program planning in order to improve mental health of community-dwelling older adults.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:31:03Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:31:03Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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