Effect of Evaporation on Infant Diaper Weights at Selected Intervals Post-Wetting: Implications for Pediatric Nursing Policy Development

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155177
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect of Evaporation on Infant Diaper Weights at Selected Intervals Post-Wetting: Implications for Pediatric Nursing Policy Development
Abstract:
Effect of Evaporation on Infant Diaper Weights at Selected Intervals Post-Wetting: Implications for Pediatric Nursing Policy Development
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Carlisle, Joan Burttram, DSN, PNP-BC
P.I. Institution Name:Children's Health System
Title:Director, Nursing Education & Research
Co-Authors:Amanda Moore, RN; Jennifer Thomas, RN; Alyssa Cooper, RN; Terri Henderson, RN; Debbie Mayfield, RN; Victoria Reid, RN; Randa Taylor, RN; Rachel Weigent, RN; Meagan Broussard, RN; Tonshel Gary, RN; Vicki Higgins, RN; Laduska Van Fleet, RN; Naomi Fineberg,
[Research Presentation] Purpose: Acute care pediatric nurses questioned the practice of immediately weighing diapers after infant/child voiding and wanted to know if delaying diaper weighing until the end of the shift would alter the weight of the diapers. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of evaporation over time on weight of disposable infant/child diapers. Methods: Experimental, laboratory model wherein designated amounts of saline was added to dry disposable diapers. Diapers were weighed immediately post-wetting and then at hourly intervals for seven hours. Four sizes of diapers were utilized: preemie, size 1, 3 and 5.  For each size diaper, two volumes of saline were added simulating the upper and lower limits of normal output. Results: Analysis of data was implemented using repeated measures ANOVA. Changes over time were significantly different for all time points and for volume.  The interaction between time and volume was also significant indicating that the change over time was different for the large and small volumes.  However, the results need to be interpreted with care.  Actual changes in diaper weight were very small and consistent (small standard deviations) between the diapers in each group. The largest change was only a 3% change over 7 hours (3 grams out of 100 ml) which was less than a 5 % change needed for clinical significance. Conclusion: Small albeit significant changes occurred over time in the weight of the diaper.  These changes were greater for the larger volumes of liquid as compared to the smaller volumes.  These changes were too small to be of clinical significance and it is appropriate to wait and weigh all the diapers at the end of an 8-hour nursing shift. Findings from this study should become the basis of pediatric nursing policy to ensure consistent nursing care that is based on evidence.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffect of Evaporation on Infant Diaper Weights at Selected Intervals Post-Wetting: Implications for Pediatric Nursing Policy Developmenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155177-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effect of Evaporation on Infant Diaper Weights at Selected Intervals Post-Wetting: Implications for Pediatric Nursing Policy Development</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Carlisle, Joan Burttram, DSN, PNP-BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Children's Health System</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director, Nursing Education &amp; Research</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">Joan.Carlisle@chsys.org</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Amanda Moore, RN; Jennifer Thomas, RN; Alyssa Cooper, RN; Terri Henderson, RN; Debbie Mayfield, RN; Victoria Reid, RN; Randa Taylor, RN; Rachel Weigent, RN; Meagan Broussard, RN; Tonshel Gary, RN; Vicki Higgins, RN; Laduska Van Fleet, RN; Naomi Fineberg, </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Purpose: Acute care pediatric nurses questioned the practice of immediately weighing diapers after infant/child voiding and wanted to know if delaying diaper weighing until the end of the shift would alter the weight of the diapers. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of evaporation over time on weight of disposable infant/child diapers. Methods: Experimental, laboratory model wherein designated amounts of saline was added to dry disposable diapers. Diapers were weighed immediately post-wetting and then at hourly intervals for seven hours. Four sizes of diapers were utilized: preemie, size 1, 3 and 5.&nbsp; For each size diaper, two volumes of saline were added simulating the upper and lower limits of normal output. Results: Analysis of data was implemented using repeated measures ANOVA. Changes over time were significantly different for all time points and for volume.&nbsp; The interaction between time and volume was also significant indicating that the change over time was different for the large and small volumes.&nbsp; However, the results need to be interpreted with care.&nbsp; Actual changes in diaper weight were very small and consistent (small standard deviations) between the diapers in each group. The largest change was only a 3% change over 7 hours (3 grams out of 100 ml) which was less than a 5 % change needed for clinical significance. Conclusion: Small albeit significant changes occurred over time in the weight of the diaper.&nbsp; These changes were greater for the larger volumes of liquid as compared to the smaller volumes.&nbsp; These changes were too small to be of clinical significance and it is appropriate to wait and weigh all the diapers at the end of an 8-hour nursing shift. Findings from this study should become the basis of pediatric nursing policy to ensure consistent nursing care that is based on evidence.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:36:29Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:36:29Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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