Reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155295
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems
Abstract:
Reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Thaweekoon, Tusana, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Mahidol University
Title:Instructor
[Research Presentation] Although research has found that exposure to community violence related to adolescent psychological and behavioral problems, few studies have focused on the possible bidirectional effects that exposure to community violence would predictáadolescent adjustment problems, and conversely,áthe adjustmentáproblems would predict exposure to community violence in adolescents. The present study examined the reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems (depressive symptoms, self-esteem, violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use), using samples from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave I (1994), II (1995), and III (2001). Latent growth curve analyses revealed that significant reciprocal relationships were partially supported in violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use. Although there were slightly differences in growth parameter estimates, overall, adolescents with high levels of violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use were more likely to be exposed to exposure to violence. In contrast, adolescents with high levels of exposure to community violence were more likely to increase in violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use. Unidirectional effects were found between exposure to community violence and depressive symptoms, and self-esteem that exposure to community violence predicted depressive symptoms and lower self-esteem but not the other ways around. Gender differences were also found across various adjustment outcomes. The effects of some relationships diminished when models examined separately between male and female groups. The findings from this study provided important new evidence regarding the reciprocal process through which exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems appear to be mutually reinforcing over time.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleReciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problemsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155295-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Thaweekoon, Tusana, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Mahidol University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">thaweekoon@yahoo.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] Although research has found that exposure to community violence related to adolescent psychological and behavioral problems, few studies have focused on the possible bidirectional effects that exposure to community violence would predict&aacute;adolescent adjustment problems, and conversely,&aacute;the adjustment&aacute;problems would predict exposure to community violence in adolescents. The present study examined the reciprocal relationships between exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems (depressive symptoms, self-esteem, violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use), using samples from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave I (1994), II (1995), and III (2001). Latent growth curve analyses revealed that significant reciprocal relationships were partially supported in violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use. Although there were slightly differences in growth parameter estimates, overall, adolescents with high levels of violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use were more likely to be exposed to exposure to violence. In contrast, adolescents with high levels of exposure to community violence were more likely to increase in violent behavior, delinquency, and substance use. Unidirectional effects were found between exposure to community violence and depressive symptoms, and self-esteem that exposure to community violence predicted depressive symptoms and lower self-esteem but not the other ways around. Gender differences were also found across various adjustment outcomes. The effects of some relationships diminished when models examined separately between male and female groups. The findings from this study provided important new evidence regarding the reciprocal process through which exposure to community violence and adolescent adjustment problems appear to be mutually reinforcing over time.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:42:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:42:50Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.