2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155340
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Pregnancy Following Partner Rape: A Major Problem Hidden in a Dark Closet
Abstract:
Pregnancy Following Partner Rape: A Major Problem Hidden in a Dark Closet
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:McFarlane, Judith M., DrPH
P.I. Institution Name:Texas Woman's University
Title:Parry Chair in Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
Unequal power relations between men and women often cause unwanted pregnancy. Some seven to 48 percent of adolescent girls around the world report that their first sexual experience was forced. How often does pregnancy follow partner rape? We do not know. Surveys note that 40 to 50% of abused women are also raped, a rate 4 to 5 times higher than the 9 to 13% reported by women from community and national samples. The percentage of women raped by their intimate partner who also experience a pregnancy following the rape is unknown. To better describe the characteristics and consequences of rape within intimate relationships a multi-ethnic sample of 100 sexually assaulted women applying for a protection order was stratified into women who reported a pregnancy following partner rape (n=20) and women who did not report a pregnancy following rape (n=80). Chi-square tests of independence were used to look at group differences in demographic characteristics. Independent t tests were used to examine differences in severity of physical and sexual abuse as well as post-traumatic stress and depression scores for both groups of women. Agency use of women reporting a pregnancy following rape was described. The outcomes of the pregnancy in terms of elective abortion and live birth were compared for the two groups of women. Women who reported a pregnancy following rape were more likely to be Hispanic and non-English speaking. The women who reported a pregnancy following rape reported significantly higher post-traumatic stress disorder scores (p=.03), more sexually transmitted infections, a higher frequency of vaginal and rectum bleeding and hematuria. The percentage of elective abortions was higher and live births lower for women raped at conception.  Women raped at conception reported a significantly (p=.004) higher agency use. Strategies to integrate this new knowledge into collaborative clinical practice will be explored.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePregnancy Following Partner Rape: A Major Problem Hidden in a Dark Closeten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155340-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Pregnancy Following Partner Rape: A Major Problem Hidden in a Dark Closet</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">McFarlane, Judith M., DrPH</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Texas Woman's University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Parry Chair in Health Promotion &amp; Disease Prevention</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jmcfarlane@twu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Unequal power relations between men and women often cause unwanted pregnancy. Some seven to 48 percent of adolescent girls around the world report that their first sexual experience was forced. How often does pregnancy follow partner rape? We do not know. Surveys note that 40 to 50% of abused women are also raped, a rate 4 to 5 times higher than the 9 to 13% reported by women from community and national samples. The percentage of women raped by their intimate partner who also experience a pregnancy following the rape is unknown. To better describe the characteristics and consequences of rape within intimate relationships a multi-ethnic sample of 100 sexually assaulted women applying for a protection order was stratified into women who reported a pregnancy following partner rape (n=20) and women who did not report a pregnancy following rape (n=80). Chi-square tests of independence were used to look at group differences in demographic characteristics. Independent t tests were used to examine differences in severity of physical and sexual abuse as well as post-traumatic stress and depression scores for both groups of women. Agency use of women reporting a pregnancy following rape was described. The outcomes of the pregnancy in terms of elective abortion and live birth were compared for the two groups of women. Women who reported a pregnancy following rape were more likely to be Hispanic and non-English speaking. The women who reported a pregnancy following rape reported significantly higher post-traumatic stress disorder scores (p=.03), more sexually transmitted infections, a higher frequency of vaginal and rectum bleeding and hematuria. The percentage of elective abortions was higher and live births lower for women raped at conception.&nbsp; Women raped at conception reported a significantly (p=.004) higher agency use. Strategies to integrate this new knowledge into collaborative clinical practice will be explored.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:45:13Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:45:13Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.