2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155479
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Multidisciplinary Views of Teamwork: Working Together for Patient Safety
Abstract:
Multidisciplinary Views of Teamwork: Working Together for Patient Safety
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Sherwood, Gwen D., RN, PhD, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Texas-Houston School of Nursing, The Methodist Hospital
Title:Professor and Executive Associate Dean and Co-Director, Center for Professional Excellence
Co-Authors:Eric Thomas, MD, MPh
Purpose: There is scant research to guide the sweeping changes in health professions education cited by the Institute of Medicine (2003) related to poor teamwork behaviors, key to safe health care (1999). To address this deficit, the research question in a multiphase project asked, What are health care providers' views about working together? Trauma resuscitation teams formed the target population as an interdisciplinary group coming together for a defined purpose with quick action. Method: A guided interview format used open ended questions during four focus groups (N=17) with residents (8), attending physicians (1), fellows (3) and nurses (5). A Demographic Form captured age, gender, education, certification, and work experience. Tape-recorded interviews were transcribed for qualitative descriptive analysis according to each provider group. Findings: Two investigators read and re-read the transcripts to comprehend the whole and highlight relevant data bits. Synthesis revealed five common patterns across groups: Bringing the team together; Defining the work; Doing the work; Interacting; and Influence on what happens. Analysis by the research team identified themes with descriptive elements for each pattern to compare and contrast focus groups, confirmed by other team members and representative participants. Discussion: Findings form the basis for new approaches to health care professions education. Misperceptions on roles, expertise and skills, and communication priorities must be overcome with evidenced based training. Openly discussing the way people work together for influences from organizational culture, hierarchies, system of checks and balances, and complex environmental factors underscore teamwork as a complementary relationship of interdependence. These views are consistent with the aviation model of teamwork based on human factors engineering, cited as a model to revitalize the health care environment, transitioning to one of safety and quality. This study was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMultidisciplinary Views of Teamwork: Working Together for Patient Safetyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155479-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Multidisciplinary Views of Teamwork: Working Together for Patient Safety</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Sherwood, Gwen D., RN, PhD, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Texas-Houston School of Nursing, The Methodist Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor and Executive Associate Dean and Co-Director, Center for Professional Excellence</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">gwen.sherwood@uth.tmc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Eric Thomas, MD, MPh</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: There is scant research to guide the sweeping changes in health professions education cited by the Institute of Medicine (2003) related to poor teamwork behaviors, key to safe health care (1999). To address this deficit, the research question in a multiphase project asked, What are health care providers' views about working together? Trauma resuscitation teams formed the target population as an interdisciplinary group coming together for a defined purpose with quick action. Method: A guided interview format used open ended questions during four focus groups (N=17) with residents (8), attending physicians (1), fellows (3) and nurses (5). A Demographic Form captured age, gender, education, certification, and work experience. Tape-recorded interviews were transcribed for qualitative descriptive analysis according to each provider group. Findings: Two investigators read and re-read the transcripts to comprehend the whole and highlight relevant data bits. Synthesis revealed five common patterns across groups: Bringing the team together; Defining the work; Doing the work; Interacting; and Influence on what happens. Analysis by the research team identified themes with descriptive elements for each pattern to compare and contrast focus groups, confirmed by other team members and representative participants. Discussion: Findings form the basis for new approaches to health care professions education. Misperceptions on roles, expertise and skills, and communication priorities must be overcome with evidenced based training. Openly discussing the way people work together for influences from organizational culture, hierarchies, system of checks and balances, and complex environmental factors underscore teamwork as a complementary relationship of interdependence. These views are consistent with the aviation model of teamwork based on human factors engineering, cited as a model to revitalize the health care environment, transitioning to one of safety and quality. This study was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:52:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:52:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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