Contextual Expereicnes of Participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial: Scottish Experience

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155604
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Contextual Expereicnes of Participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial: Scottish Experience
Abstract:
Contextual Expereicnes of Participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial: Scottish Experience
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2004
Conference Date:July 22-24, 2004
Author:Reynolds, Willaim, PhD, MPhil, RMN, RGN, RNT
P.I. Institution Name:Turku Polytechnic
Title:Reader in Nursing
Co-Authors:Siobhan Sharkey, PhD, RMN; Terry Veitch, RMN
Objective: To explore experiences of nurses involved in a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) delivering a Transitional Discharge Model in Scotland and assessment of contextual and organisational factors affecting implementation of the model. Design & Sample: This aspect of the study was designed using mixed methods (Robson, 1993) to optimise feedback from qualified staff contributing to the study. All nursing and social work staff participating were invited to feedback on their perceptions about and experiences of the study. Participation was voluntary. Methods: Data was collected using focus group technique and self-completed diaries. Data was analysed using thematic content analysis. (Miles & Huberman, 1984) Results: Results identified a variety of themes: preparation and training for trial participation and procedures to improve communication. Results not directly relating to the trial revealed differences in perspectives about nursing roles between community and inpatient staff. Conclusions/Implications: Information about the context within which RCT’s are carried out is important to open up questions relating to external validity. Given the often complex nature of RCTs it is particularly important in a pilot study to provide information on which aspects of the study design were successful or otherwise in achieving the objectives of the pilot. This can provide crucial information for the design of future RCTs. Researchers designing RCTs involving human interventions have to be both alert and responsive to the fact that being a participant delivering interventions within a study will have an impact on outcomes. The paper introduces an RCT measuring the impact of a Transitional Discharge Model and goes on to focus on the exploration of experiences and benefits of undertaking this kind of parallel enquiry within trials. References: Miles MB & Huberman AM (1984) Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. Newbury Park, California. Sage Robson C (1993) Real World Research. Oxford. Blackwell
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
22-Jul-2004
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleContextual Expereicnes of Participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial: Scottish Experienceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155604-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Contextual Expereicnes of Participating in a Randomised Controlled Trial: Scottish Experience</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2004</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 22-24, 2004</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Reynolds, Willaim, PhD, MPhil, RMN, RGN, RNT</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Turku Polytechnic</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Reader in Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bill.reynolds@turkuamk.fi</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Siobhan Sharkey, PhD, RMN; Terry Veitch, RMN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: To explore experiences of nurses involved in a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) delivering a Transitional Discharge Model in Scotland and assessment of contextual and organisational factors affecting implementation of the model. Design &amp; Sample: This aspect of the study was designed using mixed methods (Robson, 1993) to optimise feedback from qualified staff contributing to the study. All nursing and social work staff participating were invited to feedback on their perceptions about and experiences of the study. Participation was voluntary. Methods: Data was collected using focus group technique and self-completed diaries. Data was analysed using thematic content analysis. (Miles &amp; Huberman, 1984) Results: Results identified a variety of themes: preparation and training for trial participation and procedures to improve communication. Results not directly relating to the trial revealed differences in perspectives about nursing roles between community and inpatient staff. Conclusions/Implications: Information about the context within which RCT&rsquo;s are carried out is important to open up questions relating to external validity. Given the often complex nature of RCTs it is particularly important in a pilot study to provide information on which aspects of the study design were successful or otherwise in achieving the objectives of the pilot. This can provide crucial information for the design of future RCTs. Researchers designing RCTs involving human interventions have to be both alert and responsive to the fact that being a participant delivering interventions within a study will have an impact on outcomes. The paper introduces an RCT measuring the impact of a Transitional Discharge Model and goes on to focus on the exploration of experiences and benefits of undertaking this kind of parallel enquiry within trials. References: Miles MB &amp; Huberman AM (1984) Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. Newbury Park, California. Sage Robson C (1993) Real World Research. Oxford. Blackwell</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T13:59:51Z-
dc.date.issued2004-07-22en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T13:59:51Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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