2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155712
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comfort among Psychiatric Inpatients
Abstract:
Comfort among Psychiatric Inpatients
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Alves Apostolo, Joao Luis, RN, MS, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Coimbra Nursing School
Title:Adjunct- professor
Co-Authors:Maria Teresa Antunes, PhD; Aida Cruz Mendes, PhD, RN
[Evidence-based Practice Session Presentation] Purpose: Psychiatric inpatients experience discomfort related to symptoms resulting from the illness and the hospitalization process. According to Kolcaba (1991; 2003), discomfort is a state in which basic human needs are addressed in terms of relief, ease and transcendence in the four contexts of experience: physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental. The purpose is: To describe the characteristics of comfort/discomfort among psychiatric inpatients. Methods: A descriptive study using the Psychiatric Inpatients Comfort Scale (PICS), a five-point Likert-like scale, based on the conceptual structure of Kolcaba (2003). Sample: 393 patients, 215 women and 178 men with a mean age of 41.26; SD 13.36 years. Previous studies have demonstrated the psychometric qualities of the PICS (Apostolo et al. 2007). Cronbach's alpha for the total scale in this study is 0.91. Results: 27.48 % of the patients experienced moderate or high discomfort levels. Patients experienced higher levels of discomfort in the dimensions transcendence and psychospiritual (46.06% and 41.48%, respectively). Conclusion: Patients experienced higher levels of discomfort regarding self-awareness, the meaning of life, self-esteem and self-concept, as well as the capacity to plan, have control over their destiny and solve their problems. Previous results resorting to qualitative methodology support this finding (Apostolo, 2007) and demonstrate that these patients feel imprisoned by the illness and unable to develop their life projects. Therefore, the intervention should be essentially oriented towards these aspects.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComfort among Psychiatric Inpatientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155712-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Comfort among Psychiatric Inpatients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Alves Apostolo, Joao Luis, RN, MS, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Coimbra Nursing School</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Adjunct- professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">apostolo@esenfc.pt</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Maria Teresa Antunes, PhD; Aida Cruz Mendes, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Evidence-based Practice Session Presentation] Purpose: Psychiatric inpatients experience discomfort related to symptoms resulting from the illness and the hospitalization process. According to Kolcaba (1991; 2003), discomfort is a state in which basic human needs are addressed in terms of relief, ease and transcendence in the four contexts of experience: physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental. The purpose is: To describe the characteristics of comfort/discomfort among psychiatric inpatients. Methods: A descriptive study using the Psychiatric Inpatients Comfort Scale (PICS), a five-point Likert-like scale, based on the conceptual structure of Kolcaba (2003). Sample: 393 patients, 215 women and 178 men with a mean age of 41.26; SD 13.36 years. Previous studies have demonstrated the psychometric qualities of the PICS (Apostolo et al. 2007). Cronbach's alpha for the total scale in this study is 0.91. Results: 27.48 % of the patients experienced moderate or high discomfort levels. Patients experienced higher levels of discomfort in the dimensions transcendence and psychospiritual (46.06% and 41.48%, respectively). Conclusion: Patients experienced higher levels of discomfort regarding self-awareness, the meaning of life, self-esteem and self-concept, as well as the capacity to plan, have control over their destiny and solve their problems. Previous results resorting to qualitative methodology support this finding (Apostolo, 2007) and demonstrate that these patients feel imprisoned by the illness and unable to develop their life projects. Therefore, the intervention should be essentially oriented towards these aspects.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:06:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:06:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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