Decisions and Theoretical Incommensurableness: On the Design of a Method for Discourse Analysis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155734
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Decisions and Theoretical Incommensurableness: On the Design of a Method for Discourse Analysis
Abstract:
Decisions and Theoretical Incommensurableness: On the Design of a Method for Discourse Analysis
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Buus, Niels
P.I. Institution Name:Centre for Innovation in Nurse Training in the County of Aarhus
Objective: It is widely recognised that there's no general method for the analysis of discourse. Scholars wishing to do these kinds of research must therefore design a methodology suitable for their specific field of research. A challenge related to these decisions is that the concept of discourse is highly congested with theoretical meanings so that it is possible to choose methodological incisions, which are rooted in incommensurable epistemologies. The objective of this session is to specify this theoretical challenge by relating it to an empirical research project on discourse and culture among Danish mental health nursing staff. Design: The design of the study is rooted in a social-constructivistic and post-structuralistic notion of discourse as a horizon of intelligibility and possibility, which is produced and reproduced through social processes. The discourses of psychiatric nursing are important to study as they determine the care for the mentally ill as they offer a range of possible interpretations of the same situation, the same person and this persons needs. The study is designed to be able to describe discourses among nursing staff at two different institutions. Settings: He study is carried out at two different institutions for the mentally ill: A hospital-based and a community-based team of mental health carers. The reason for researching in two different institutions is both to be able to study how different institutional regimes generate different discourses and to be able to compare different institutional settings in order to illuminate the researcher's prejudice. Methods: In the empirical study data are generated of audio-recordings of various staff meetings and through fieldwork, ethnographic interviews and participant observation, of the daily mental health nursing practices. This means that discourses can be studied as they are produced and reproduced through negotiation in specific interactions, which means that they can be identified not only through language and language use, but also through other forms of social interactions and institutional routines. This design allows for the analysis of discourse at a range of levels depending on what level one wishes to search for entities of meaning. Findings: It is this design and the related methodological opportunities that may lead to epistemological incommensurableness. The generation of data makes it possible to study discourse for example as text, as interaction through conversation or as struggles between discursive formations. In the study of silences it is possible to identify them at a variety of levels: as pauses, as parts of institutionalised "turn-takings" in a conversation, or as the result of hegemonic struggles in a over-subjective discursive field. These theoretical models for investigation of discourse are not underpinned by the same epistemological assumptions, and the theoretical problem to be solved is to what extent these methods for analysis can be combined in the same study without meta-theoretical incommensurableness. Is it possible to have an eclectic and pragmatic stance towards methodological incisions on discourses and language use as far as a post-structuralist conception is used to define the central concepts of a de-centred subject, identity, power, knowledge and ethics? It is suggested, that a post-structuralistic notion of discourse as signifying sequences can account for the endurance of mental health institutions and for social interactions among nursing staff, and that an analysis based on this notion can be supplemented with linguistic text analyses without theoretical incommensurableness. Conclusion: The study of discourses on mental health nursing being produced and reproduced in specific social processes creates a wide range of possible analyses, which can be used to make more complete descriptions of discourses and their social functioning. A post-structuralistic notion of discourse, according to which one searches for meaning at the level of the sign, is suggested as an overarching concept for research of culture and language use among mental health staff.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDecisions and Theoretical Incommensurableness: On the Design of a Method for Discourse Analysisen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155734-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Decisions and Theoretical Incommensurableness: On the Design of a Method for Discourse Analysis</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Buus, Niels</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Centre for Innovation in Nurse Training in the County of Aarhus</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">n_buus@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: It is widely recognised that there's no general method for the analysis of discourse. Scholars wishing to do these kinds of research must therefore design a methodology suitable for their specific field of research. A challenge related to these decisions is that the concept of discourse is highly congested with theoretical meanings so that it is possible to choose methodological incisions, which are rooted in incommensurable epistemologies. The objective of this session is to specify this theoretical challenge by relating it to an empirical research project on discourse and culture among Danish mental health nursing staff. Design: The design of the study is rooted in a social-constructivistic and post-structuralistic notion of discourse as a horizon of intelligibility and possibility, which is produced and reproduced through social processes. The discourses of psychiatric nursing are important to study as they determine the care for the mentally ill as they offer a range of possible interpretations of the same situation, the same person and this persons needs. The study is designed to be able to describe discourses among nursing staff at two different institutions. Settings: He study is carried out at two different institutions for the mentally ill: A hospital-based and a community-based team of mental health carers. The reason for researching in two different institutions is both to be able to study how different institutional regimes generate different discourses and to be able to compare different institutional settings in order to illuminate the researcher's prejudice. Methods: In the empirical study data are generated of audio-recordings of various staff meetings and through fieldwork, ethnographic interviews and participant observation, of the daily mental health nursing practices. This means that discourses can be studied as they are produced and reproduced through negotiation in specific interactions, which means that they can be identified not only through language and language use, but also through other forms of social interactions and institutional routines. This design allows for the analysis of discourse at a range of levels depending on what level one wishes to search for entities of meaning. Findings: It is this design and the related methodological opportunities that may lead to epistemological incommensurableness. The generation of data makes it possible to study discourse for example as text, as interaction through conversation or as struggles between discursive formations. In the study of silences it is possible to identify them at a variety of levels: as pauses, as parts of institutionalised &quot;turn-takings&quot; in a conversation, or as the result of hegemonic struggles in a over-subjective discursive field. These theoretical models for investigation of discourse are not underpinned by the same epistemological assumptions, and the theoretical problem to be solved is to what extent these methods for analysis can be combined in the same study without meta-theoretical incommensurableness. Is it possible to have an eclectic and pragmatic stance towards methodological incisions on discourses and language use as far as a post-structuralist conception is used to define the central concepts of a de-centred subject, identity, power, knowledge and ethics? It is suggested, that a post-structuralistic notion of discourse as signifying sequences can account for the endurance of mental health institutions and for social interactions among nursing staff, and that an analysis based on this notion can be supplemented with linguistic text analyses without theoretical incommensurableness. Conclusion: The study of discourses on mental health nursing being produced and reproduced in specific social processes creates a wide range of possible analyses, which can be used to make more complete descriptions of discourses and their social functioning. A post-structuralistic notion of discourse, according to which one searches for meaning at the level of the sign, is suggested as an overarching concept for research of culture and language use among mental health staff.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:07:27Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:07:27Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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