2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155789
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Health Care Literacy in West Texas
Abstract:
Health Care Literacy in West Texas
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Boswell, Carol
P.I. Institution Name:Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
Title:Assistant Professor
Introduction: Vigorous progression in health care research and technology has made clients' diagnosis and treatment options progressively more complex. As a result, clients frequently have trouble in comprehending diseases and making effective health care decisions. Creative health care reform efforts have focused on empowering clients with more health information. Comprehension and utilization of health information becomes a major consideration in effective management of client care. In April 1999, the School of Nursing and the School of Medicine at a large health sciences center in West Texas and local representatives from a public university, a community college, and a public acute care facility collaborated to examine the problem of health literacy and its impact on health care. Within Healthy People 2010, the United States government added the focus area of Health Communication. As this nation investigated the concept of access to information and services, the idea of disparities in health care delivery was identified to converge in the area of individuals who lack general literacy and health literacy. Individuals who demonstrate low literacy levels are prone toward poor health, noncompliance with treatment plans, and increased episodes of hospitalization. Objective: To provide healthcare professionals with knowledge concerning an assessment process and the impact of health literacy levels on clients receiving health care. The research questions and hypothesis for this study were: Questions: 1. What is the functional health literacy level of adult clients receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas? 2. What is the functional health status of adult clients receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas? Hypothesis: Health literacy levels are significantly related to the functional health status of a group of adults receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas. Process: A study was initiated to investigate the health literacy levels related to the functional health status of a group of adults receiving health care at designated clinics in the rural/urban area of Texas. An inter-disciplinary and educational system consortium was formulated to examine potential interventions to improve the health literacy of urban and rural Texans. A descriptive research design was utilized to allow for a systematic characterization of the functional health status of a group of adults receiving primary care at ambulatory clinics in the West Texas area. Functional health status and health literacy were utilized as the variables within this study. Following the completion of a power analysis to determine the sample population, data was collected from one hundred forty-nine participants over a period of one and one half years. Clients from four primary care clinics were invited to take part in the data collection process. Care was given to ensure the appropriate management of the research project based on institutional review criteria. In addition to a demographic data sheet, two instruments, the MOS 36-Item-Short Form Health Survey and the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults were utilized. These tools were selected to supply a successful comprehension of the multifaceted components, which are involved in the dialogue concerning health literacy. Results and Recommendations: The areas, which demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with the Health Literacy Scores, were: Level of Education, Health Insurance, Medicare, Private Insurance, Income, and Primary Language. The data did not reflect a significant relationship between functional health status and health literacy levels. The demographics for this study reflected an effective division of participants. Implications: Additional research is needed in the following areas. The results from this study are noteworthy as we consider the aging of the population and the economical situations of our clients. Nursing must become increasingly aware of the need to consider the functional health literacy levels of all the clients with whom they interact. The use of tools to identify which clients are "at risk" and methods for improving the comprehension of the clients are two areas of paramount importance. An investigation into the presence of inadequate health literacy levels on a global basis is needed. Many questions concerning the effect of health literacy comprehension at an international level remain to be answered. Although the area of health literacy has not been well documented through research efforts on a worldwide level, many of the findings within this project can be generalized for use in the practice of nursing care, regardless of geographic location.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHealth Care Literacy in West Texasen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155789-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Health Care Literacy in West Texas</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Boswell, Carol</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">carol.boswell@ttmcod.ttuhsc.ed</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Introduction: Vigorous progression in health care research and technology has made clients' diagnosis and treatment options progressively more complex. As a result, clients frequently have trouble in comprehending diseases and making effective health care decisions. Creative health care reform efforts have focused on empowering clients with more health information. Comprehension and utilization of health information becomes a major consideration in effective management of client care. In April 1999, the School of Nursing and the School of Medicine at a large health sciences center in West Texas and local representatives from a public university, a community college, and a public acute care facility collaborated to examine the problem of health literacy and its impact on health care. Within Healthy People 2010, the United States government added the focus area of Health Communication. As this nation investigated the concept of access to information and services, the idea of disparities in health care delivery was identified to converge in the area of individuals who lack general literacy and health literacy. Individuals who demonstrate low literacy levels are prone toward poor health, noncompliance with treatment plans, and increased episodes of hospitalization. Objective: To provide healthcare professionals with knowledge concerning an assessment process and the impact of health literacy levels on clients receiving health care. The research questions and hypothesis for this study were: Questions: 1. What is the functional health literacy level of adult clients receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas? 2. What is the functional health status of adult clients receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas? Hypothesis: Health literacy levels are significantly related to the functional health status of a group of adults receiving health care at designated ambulatory clinics in West Texas. Process: A study was initiated to investigate the health literacy levels related to the functional health status of a group of adults receiving health care at designated clinics in the rural/urban area of Texas. An inter-disciplinary and educational system consortium was formulated to examine potential interventions to improve the health literacy of urban and rural Texans. A descriptive research design was utilized to allow for a systematic characterization of the functional health status of a group of adults receiving primary care at ambulatory clinics in the West Texas area. Functional health status and health literacy were utilized as the variables within this study. Following the completion of a power analysis to determine the sample population, data was collected from one hundred forty-nine participants over a period of one and one half years. Clients from four primary care clinics were invited to take part in the data collection process. Care was given to ensure the appropriate management of the research project based on institutional review criteria. In addition to a demographic data sheet, two instruments, the MOS 36-Item-Short Form Health Survey and the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults were utilized. These tools were selected to supply a successful comprehension of the multifaceted components, which are involved in the dialogue concerning health literacy. Results and Recommendations: The areas, which demonstrated a statistically significant correlation with the Health Literacy Scores, were: Level of Education, Health Insurance, Medicare, Private Insurance, Income, and Primary Language. The data did not reflect a significant relationship between functional health status and health literacy levels. The demographics for this study reflected an effective division of participants. Implications: Additional research is needed in the following areas. The results from this study are noteworthy as we consider the aging of the population and the economical situations of our clients. Nursing must become increasingly aware of the need to consider the functional health literacy levels of all the clients with whom they interact. The use of tools to identify which clients are &quot;at risk&quot; and methods for improving the comprehension of the clients are two areas of paramount importance. An investigation into the presence of inadequate health literacy levels on a global basis is needed. Many questions concerning the effect of health literacy comprehension at an international level remain to be answered. Although the area of health literacy has not been well documented through research efforts on a worldwide level, many of the findings within this project can be generalized for use in the practice of nursing care, regardless of geographic location.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:10:32Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:10:32Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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