An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitudes toward the Elderly by Nursing Home Care Staff in Japan: Use of the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (Japanese)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155794
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitudes toward the Elderly by Nursing Home Care Staff in Japan: Use of the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (Japanese)
Abstract:
An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitudes toward the Elderly by Nursing Home Care Staff in Japan: Use of the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (Japanese)
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:McMackin, Mary
P.I. Institution Name:Naval Hospital Okinawa
Title:Community Nurse Specialist
Concepts: The concept of sexuality arises from the human need of love and belonging as defined by Maslow's Theory. Research studies note sexuality as essential for optimum mental and physical health. In Japan, however, sexuality in the elderly is "taboo", with perceptions ranging from abnormal to immoral. Such negative attitudes may decrease the quality of life of older adults, especially in long-term care facilities. In the United States, research demonstrated a significant correlation between knowledge about elderly sexuality and positive attitudes toward sexuality in the older adult. The researchers in this study applied similar methods in a Japanese community. The study's tool, the ASKAS-J, is the Japanese translation of ASKAS, the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale developed by Dr. White. Objective: The study had three objectives. The first objective included the examination of the care staff's knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in older adults. The second objective was evaluation of a possible relationship between the care staff's knowledge about elderly sexuality with their attitudes towards the subject. The final objective covered the analysis of how the demographic characteristics of care staff influence their attitudes and knowledge related to sexuality in the elderly. Design: A cross-sectional correlational design determined relationships between the dependent and independent variables. The dependent variables included knowledge and attitude. The independent variables were gender, age, marital status, occupation, experience in working for the elderly, recognition of aging sexuality, and education regarding sexuality in older adults. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Over the month of September 2000, 108 long-term care personnel in Okinawa, Japan were asked to complete the ASKAS-J. The employees consisted of 14 RNs, 18LVNs and 76 care workers working at three nursing homes, and their over-all response rate was 70.4%. Methods: The researchers obtained permission to translate and then utilize the ASKAS questionnaire from Dr. White. The subjects answered 10 demographic questions related to their backgrounds and the 61-item ASKAS-J questionnaire. Pearson's correlation coefficient is 0.82 in knowledge, 0.76 in attitudes; Cronbach's á is 0.90-0.94 in knowledge, and 0.85-0.88 in attitudes. Anonymity and other standard confidentiality procedures ensured the rights of subjects. Statistical analysis using a computer software package, the SPSS (10.0), analyzed the data from the 57 participants who appropriately completed the self-reporting questionnaire. Findings: Higher knowledge showed a relationship to positive attitude scores(r=.51, P< .001). Occupation, education on sexuality in the elderly, and recognition of sexual needs in older adults also demonstrated a significant association to knowledge and/or attitudes. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the higher the level of education the more knowledge the staff member possessed regarding elderly sexuality. The findings also showed a more positive correlation between knowledge and helpful attitudes toward elderly sexuality. Personnel without advanced degrees who recognized elder sexuality needs due to experience, and/ or education also demonstrated positive attitudes toward elderly sexuality. Implications: Health care educators have an obligation to assess, and improve as needed, the knowledge base and attitudes of students and care staff working with older adults. The quality of life for elders should improve if care workers and students receive instruction regarding sexuality in the aged. Also, as the ASKAS is now a valid tool in different countries, it can become the foundation for international cultural comparisons in knowledge and attitudes toward elderly sexuality.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAn Assessment of Knowledge and Attitudes toward the Elderly by Nursing Home Care Staff in Japan: Use of the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (Japanese)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155794-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">An Assessment of Knowledge and Attitudes toward the Elderly by Nursing Home Care Staff in Japan: Use of the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (Japanese)</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">McMackin, Mary</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Naval Hospital Okinawa</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Community Nurse Specialist</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mamcmackin@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Concepts: The concept of sexuality arises from the human need of love and belonging as defined by Maslow's Theory. Research studies note sexuality as essential for optimum mental and physical health. In Japan, however, sexuality in the elderly is &quot;taboo&quot;, with perceptions ranging from abnormal to immoral. Such negative attitudes may decrease the quality of life of older adults, especially in long-term care facilities. In the United States, research demonstrated a significant correlation between knowledge about elderly sexuality and positive attitudes toward sexuality in the older adult. The researchers in this study applied similar methods in a Japanese community. The study's tool, the ASKAS-J, is the Japanese translation of ASKAS, the Aging Sexuality Knowledge and Attitudes Scale developed by Dr. White. Objective: The study had three objectives. The first objective included the examination of the care staff's knowledge and attitudes about sexuality in older adults. The second objective was evaluation of a possible relationship between the care staff's knowledge about elderly sexuality with their attitudes towards the subject. The final objective covered the analysis of how the demographic characteristics of care staff influence their attitudes and knowledge related to sexuality in the elderly. Design: A cross-sectional correlational design determined relationships between the dependent and independent variables. The dependent variables included knowledge and attitude. The independent variables were gender, age, marital status, occupation, experience in working for the elderly, recognition of aging sexuality, and education regarding sexuality in older adults. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: Over the month of September 2000, 108 long-term care personnel in Okinawa, Japan were asked to complete the ASKAS-J. The employees consisted of 14 RNs, 18LVNs and 76 care workers working at three nursing homes, and their over-all response rate was 70.4%. Methods: The researchers obtained permission to translate and then utilize the ASKAS questionnaire from Dr. White. The subjects answered 10 demographic questions related to their backgrounds and the 61-item ASKAS-J questionnaire. Pearson's correlation coefficient is 0.82 in knowledge, 0.76 in attitudes; Cronbach's &aacute; is 0.90-0.94 in knowledge, and 0.85-0.88 in attitudes. Anonymity and other standard confidentiality procedures ensured the rights of subjects. Statistical analysis using a computer software package, the SPSS (10.0), analyzed the data from the 57 participants who appropriately completed the self-reporting questionnaire. Findings: Higher knowledge showed a relationship to positive attitude scores(r=.51, P&lt; .001). Occupation, education on sexuality in the elderly, and recognition of sexual needs in older adults also demonstrated a significant association to knowledge and/or attitudes. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the higher the level of education the more knowledge the staff member possessed regarding elderly sexuality. The findings also showed a more positive correlation between knowledge and helpful attitudes toward elderly sexuality. Personnel without advanced degrees who recognized elder sexuality needs due to experience, and/ or education also demonstrated positive attitudes toward elderly sexuality. Implications: Health care educators have an obligation to assess, and improve as needed, the knowledge base and attitudes of students and care staff working with older adults. The quality of life for elders should improve if care workers and students receive instruction regarding sexuality in the aged. Also, as the ASKAS is now a valid tool in different countries, it can become the foundation for international cultural comparisons in knowledge and attitudes toward elderly sexuality.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:10:49Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:10:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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