Videoconference Program Enhances Social Support, Loneliness, and Depressive Status of Elderly Nursing Home Residents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155880
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Videoconference Program Enhances Social Support, Loneliness, and Depressive Status of Elderly Nursing Home Residents
Abstract:
Videoconference Program Enhances Social Support, Loneliness, and Depressive Status of Elderly Nursing Home Residents
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Tsai, Hsiu-Hsin, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Chang Gang University
Title:Assistant professor
Co-Authors:Yun-Fang Tsai, PhD, RN
21st INRC [Evidence-Based Practice Presentation] Objectives: The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a video-conference intervention program in improving nursing home residents' social support, loneliness, and depressive status. Methods: Fourteen nursing homes were selected from various areas of Taiwan by purposive sampling. Elderly residents (N=57) of these nursing homes and meeting our inclusion criteria were divided into experimental (n=24) and control (n=33) groups. The experimental group received 5 minutes/week for 3 months of video-conference interaction with their family members, and the control group received regular care only. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews on social support, loneliness, and depressive status using the Social Supportive Behavior Scale, University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale, respectively, at three points (baseline, 1 week, and 3 months after baseline). Data were analyzed using the generalized estimating equation approach. Results: Subjects in the experimental group had significantly higher mean emotional and appraisal social support scores at 1 week and 3 months after baseline than those in the control group. Subjects in the experimental group also had lower mean loneliness scores at 1 week and 3 months after baseline than those in the control group, and lower mean depressive status scores at 3 months after baseline. Conclusion: Our video-conference program alleviated depressive symptoms and loneliness for elderly residents in nursing homes. Our findings suggest that this program could be used for residents of long-term care institutions, particularly those with better ability to perform activities of daily living.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleVideoconference Program Enhances Social Support, Loneliness, and Depressive Status of Elderly Nursing Home Residentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155880-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Videoconference Program Enhances Social Support, Loneliness, and Depressive Status of Elderly Nursing Home Residents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tsai, Hsiu-Hsin, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Chang Gang University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kitty@mail.cgu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Yun-Fang Tsai, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Evidence-Based Practice Presentation] Objectives: The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a video-conference intervention program in improving nursing home residents' social support, loneliness, and depressive status. Methods: Fourteen nursing homes were selected from various areas of Taiwan by purposive sampling. Elderly residents (N=57) of these nursing homes and meeting our inclusion criteria were divided into experimental (n=24) and control (n=33) groups. The experimental group received 5 minutes/week for 3 months of video-conference interaction with their family members, and the control group received regular care only. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews on social support, loneliness, and depressive status using the Social Supportive Behavior Scale, University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale, respectively, at three points (baseline, 1 week, and 3 months after baseline). Data were analyzed using the generalized estimating equation approach. Results: Subjects in the experimental group had significantly higher mean emotional and appraisal social support scores at 1 week and 3 months after baseline than those in the control group. Subjects in the experimental group also had lower mean loneliness scores at 1 week and 3 months after baseline than those in the control group, and lower mean depressive status scores at 3 months after baseline. Conclusion: Our video-conference program alleviated depressive symptoms and loneliness for elderly residents in nursing homes. Our findings suggest that this program could be used for residents of long-term care institutions, particularly those with better ability to perform activities of daily living.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:14:38Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:14:38Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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