2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155912
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Predictors of Hearing Protection Use Among Firefighters
Abstract:
Predictors of Hearing Protection Use Among Firefighters
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Hong, OiSaeng, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of California, San Francisco
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Dal Lae Chin MSN, RN, Doctoral candidate
David L. Ronis PhD, MA, Research Scientist
[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] Background: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a major health problem for firefighters. NIHL is an irreversible hearing impairment, but can be prevented by the consistent use of hearing protection devices (HPDs), such as ear muffs or plugs. Little is known about factors that affect firefighters' use of HPDs to prevent NIHL.
Purpose: To identify significant predictors of firefighters' use of HPDs.
Methods: The Predictors of Use of Hearing Protection Model (PUHPM) was used as a conceptual framework. The model includes three modifying factors (demographic/experiential/biological factors, interpersonal influences, situational factors) and five cognitive-perceptual factors (perceived benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, susceptibility, severity) as predictors for use of HPDs.
This analysis included the pretest data from 150 firefighters who participate in an ongoing internet-based intervention study of approximately 400 targeted firefighters in three states in the US. Web-based survey was used to collect the data.  Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis were conducted to examine significant predictors of the use of HPDs in firefighters.
Results: The participants were middle aged (mean age=43years), White (93%), and males (97%) with many years (mean=17years) of work experience in fire services. About 80% of the participants reported the daily/weekly loud noise exposures when working as a firefighter. But their use of HPDs in noisy activities at job site in fire service was pretty low (36%). The majority (85%) of the participants reported they perceived their hearing was good. Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis determined noise exposure at job site (positive), interpersonal influences (positive), perceived barriers (negative), and perceived susceptibility (positive) were significantly related to the use of HPDs in firefighters. The model explained 45% of the variance in firefighters' use of HPDs (F= 7.83, p<.001).
Conclusion: Results of this analysis suggest that multiple situational and cognitive perceptual factors influence hearing protection behavior among firefighters.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePredictors of Hearing Protection Use Among Firefightersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155912-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Predictors of Hearing Protection Use Among Firefighters</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hong, OiSaeng, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of California, San Francisco</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">oisaeng.hong@nursing.ucsf.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Dal Lae Chin MSN, RN, Doctoral candidate<br/>David L. Ronis PhD, MA, Research Scientist</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] Background: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a major health problem for firefighters. NIHL is an irreversible hearing impairment, but can be prevented by the consistent use of hearing protection devices (HPDs), such as ear muffs or plugs. Little is known about factors that affect firefighters' use of HPDs to prevent NIHL. <br/>Purpose: To identify significant predictors of firefighters' use of HPDs. <br/>Methods: The Predictors of Use of Hearing Protection Model (PUHPM) was used as a conceptual framework. The model includes three modifying factors (demographic/experiential/biological factors, interpersonal influences, situational factors) and five cognitive-perceptual factors (perceived benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, susceptibility, severity) as predictors for use of HPDs. <br/>This analysis included the pretest data from 150 firefighters who participate in an ongoing internet-based intervention study of approximately 400 targeted firefighters in three states in the US. Web-based survey was used to collect the data. &nbsp;Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis were conducted to examine significant predictors of the use of HPDs in firefighters. <br/>Results: The participants were middle aged (mean age=43years), White (93%), and males (97%) with many years (mean=17years) of work experience in fire services. About 80% of the participants reported the daily/weekly loud noise exposures when working as a firefighter. But their use of HPDs in noisy activities at job site in fire service was pretty low (36%). The majority (85%) of the participants reported they perceived their hearing was good. Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis determined noise exposure at job site (positive), interpersonal influences (positive), perceived barriers (negative), and perceived susceptibility (positive) were significantly related to the use of HPDs in firefighters. The model explained 45% of the variance in firefighters' use of HPDs (F= 7.83, p&lt;.001). <br/>Conclusion: Results of this analysis suggest that multiple situational and cognitive perceptual factors influence hearing protection behavior among firefighters.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:16:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:16:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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