Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A U.S. and South African Collaboration

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155938
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A U.S. and South African Collaboration
Abstract:
Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A U.S. and South African Collaboration
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Nicholas, Patrice K., DHL, MPH, MS, RN, ANP, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Brigham and Women's Hospital and MGH Institute of Health Professions
Title:Director, Global Health and Professor
Co-Authors:Inge B. Corless RN, PhD, FAAN, Professor;
Busisiwe Ncama PhD, RN, Senior Lecturer; Busisiwe Bhengu PhD, RN, Associate Professor and Head of School;
Linda Evans MS, RN, CNOR, Trauma Research Coordinator;
Kathleen Nokes RN, PhD, FAAN, Professor;
Rosanna F.
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: As part of an international nursing research team in South Africa and the US, this study examined the prevalence and self-management approaches for neuropathy-related symptoms in a sample of those living with HIV in South Africa (n=80).
Methods: A cross-sectional design was utilized to examine the prevalence of neuropathy and other HIV symptoms. Inclusion criteria for the study were that participants had to be (a) at least 18 years of age, (b) receiving AIDS-related care at their respective facility, (c) able to provide informed consent, and (d) able to complete the questionnaire independently or with the assistance of a research assistant. The instruments were forward and back-translated into isiZulu by two of the researchers. Ethical clearance was obtained at each of the clinic settings (2) and both educational institutions of the investigators. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Revised Sign and Symptom Checklist for Persons with HIV Disease (SSC-HIVrev): Neuropathy Symptoms and Self-care; and the HIV/AIDS Targeted Quality of Life Instrument (HAT-QoL) were used as data collection instruments.
Results: Neuropathy was reported by 62% of the sample (n =49), however few participants reported specific self-care behaviors to effectively self-manage their neuropathy symptoms. Antiretroviral therapy was found to be associated with increased neuropathy symptoms.  
Conclusion: The study results suggest that peripheral neuropathy is a common, painful symptom and the presence of neuropathy is associated with impaired quality of life in those living with HIV in KwaZulu-Natal. Implications for nursing practice include the importance of assessment and evaluation of nursing interventions related to management strategies for neuropathy.
:
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePeripheral Neuropathy in HIV Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A U.S. and South African Collaborationen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155938-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A U.S. and South African Collaboration</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Nicholas, Patrice K., DHL, MPH, MS, RN, ANP, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Brigham and Women's Hospital and MGH Institute of Health Professions</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director, Global Health and Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pnicholas@partners.org</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Inge B. Corless RN, PhD, FAAN, Professor;<br/>Busisiwe Ncama PhD, RN, Senior Lecturer; Busisiwe Bhengu PhD, RN, Associate Professor and Head of School;<br/>Linda Evans MS, RN, CNOR, Trauma Research Coordinator;<br/>Kathleen Nokes RN, PhD, FAAN, Professor;<br/>Rosanna F. </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: As part of an international nursing research team in South Africa and the US, this study examined the prevalence and self-management approaches for neuropathy-related symptoms in a sample of those living with HIV in South Africa (n=80). <br/>Methods: A cross-sectional design was utilized to examine the prevalence of neuropathy and other HIV symptoms. Inclusion criteria for the study were that participants had to be (a) at least 18 years of age, (b) receiving AIDS-related care at their respective facility, (c) able to provide informed consent, and (d) able to complete the questionnaire independently or with the assistance of a research assistant. The instruments were forward and back-translated into isiZulu by two of the researchers. Ethical clearance was obtained at each of the clinic settings (2) and both educational institutions of the investigators. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Revised Sign and Symptom Checklist for Persons with HIV Disease (SSC-HIVrev): Neuropathy Symptoms and Self-care; and the HIV/AIDS Targeted Quality of Life Instrument (HAT-QoL) were used as data collection instruments. <br/>Results: Neuropathy was reported by 62% of the sample (n =49), however few participants reported specific self-care behaviors to effectively self-manage their neuropathy symptoms. Antiretroviral therapy was found to be associated with increased neuropathy symptoms.&nbsp;&nbsp; <br/>Conclusion: The study results suggest that peripheral neuropathy is a common, painful symptom and the presence of neuropathy is associated with impaired quality of life in those living with HIV in KwaZulu-Natal. Implications for nursing practice include the importance of assessment and evaluation of nursing interventions related to management strategies for neuropathy. <br/>:</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:18:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:18:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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