Determinants of Physical Activity Behavior and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among African-American Women Residing in Rural Counties of Southern Alabama

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155942
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Determinants of Physical Activity Behavior and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among African-American Women Residing in Rural Counties of Southern Alabama
Abstract:
Determinants of Physical Activity Behavior and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among African-American Women Residing in Rural Counties of Southern Alabama
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Robinson, Bridget K., PhD, MSN, RN, RRT
P.I. Institution Name:University of South Alabama
Title:Assistant Professor
[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] The increased prevalence of death and disability, resulting from chronic illness, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus, for rural Alabamians is a top priority at the national, state and local levels. Reports indicate that certain southern states, more notably those located in the geographical region known as the Bible belt, have a high prevalence of obesity. Obesity, which worsens conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, is more prevalent among African Americans than any other population. 
     Physical activity has a positive effect on health outcomes. However, persistent physical inactivity has been an issue for African American (AA) women residing in the United States for over a decade and this holds true for Alabama. Although past studies suggest that socioeconomic disparity, differing perceptions related to religiosity, and body image could affect behavior, there is a dearth of literature that comprehensively explore the affect of these factors on physical activity behavior in AA women. Physical activity behavior and self-efficacy for exercise have been positively associated. Bandura?s SCT framework guided the design of the current study that comprehensively examines the relationships among self-efficacy for exercise, religiosity, body image perception, body mass index, socioeconomic factors and physical activity behavior among AA women. Additionally, this study examined the difference in the levels of the aforementioned variables among those women who reside in rural (defined by zip code) counties to those that did not and sought to explicate the predictors of self-efficacy for exercise and physical activity behavior among this sample of AA women. This cross-sectional, descriptive study examined physical activity behavior among AA women. Participants recruited from rural south Alabama counties completed six self-report instruments and height/weight was obtained and used to calculate the body mass index on each participant. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 17.0.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDeterminants of Physical Activity Behavior and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among African-American Women Residing in Rural Counties of Southern Alabamaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155942-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Determinants of Physical Activity Behavior and Self-Efficacy for Exercise Among African-American Women Residing in Rural Counties of Southern Alabama</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Robinson, Bridget K., PhD, MSN, RN, RRT</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of South Alabama</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bkrobinson@usouthal.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[2nd International Nursing Research Conference for the World Academy of Nursing Science - Presentation] The increased prevalence of death and disability, resulting from chronic illness, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus, for rural Alabamians is a top priority at the national, state and local levels. Reports indicate that certain southern states, more notably those located in the geographical region known as the Bible belt, have a high prevalence of obesity. Obesity, which worsens conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, is more prevalent among African Americans than any other population.&nbsp; <br/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Physical activity has a positive effect on health outcomes. However, persistent physical inactivity has been an issue for African American (AA) women residing in the United States for over a decade and this holds true for Alabama. Although past studies suggest that socioeconomic disparity, differing perceptions related to religiosity, and body image could affect behavior, there is a dearth of literature that comprehensively explore the affect of these factors on physical activity behavior in AA women. Physical activity behavior and self-efficacy for exercise have been positively associated. Bandura?s SCT framework guided the design of the current study that comprehensively examines the relationships among self-efficacy for exercise, religiosity, body image perception, body mass index, socioeconomic factors and physical activity behavior among AA women. Additionally, this study examined the difference in the levels of the aforementioned variables among those women who reside in rural (defined by zip code) counties to those that did not and sought to explicate the predictors of self-efficacy for exercise and physical activity behavior among this sample of AA women. This cross-sectional, descriptive study examined physical activity behavior among AA women. Participants recruited from rural south Alabama counties completed six self-report instruments and height/weight was obtained and used to calculate the body mass index on each participant. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 17.0.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:18:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:18:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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