Differences in Socio-Demographic, Cognitive, and Behavioral Factors of Obese Versus Non-Obese Sedentary Girls

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155957
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Differences in Socio-Demographic, Cognitive, and Behavioral Factors of Obese Versus Non-Obese Sedentary Girls
Abstract:
Differences in Socio-Demographic, Cognitive, and Behavioral Factors of Obese Versus Non-Obese Sedentary Girls
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Vanden Bosch, Melodee L., MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Michigan State University
Title:Doctoral candidate
Co-Authors:Lorraine B. Robbins PhD, RN, FNP-BC, Assistant Professor
Yun-Jia Lo MS, Doctoral candidate
Kimberly S. Maier PhD, Assistant Professor
Karin A. Pfeiffer PhD, Assistant Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: Despite high prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescent girls, contributing factors remain unclear. The study purpose was to identify any differences in socio-demographic, behavioral, and cognitive factors between obese and non-obese 10- to 13-year-old girls. 
Methods: Baseline data from a longitudinal physical activity (PA) intervention study were analyzed. Girls were included in the study if they reported on a screening tool a lack of current involvement in organized sports or PA programs 3 or more days weekly. The convenience sample, 86 racially diverse 5th- through 7th- grade girls, was recruited from 11 elementary and 2 middle schools in one urban school district.
Results: Descriptive findings indicated that 37.2% of the girls were obese (n=32). Compared to non-obese girls, obese girls had lower cardiovascular fitness (t (78) = 4.19, p<.001, d = -0.95), fewer minutes of objectively-measured moderate to vigorous PA (t (67) = 2.68, p=.009, d = -0.66) and fewer hours of weekday computer use (t (70) = 2.08, p=.041, d = -0.50). No differences between obese versus non-obese girls were noted for race; free or reduced lunch program participation; intake of fruits, vegetables, sweetened or diet beverages, milk, or fried fast food; breakfast consumption; or other sedentary behaviors. While no cognitive differences occurred between obese and non-obese, 72.1% of the girls (n=62) indicated that being an exerciser or physically active person was very important to them at this time in their lives, yet they lacked adequate PA participation.
Conclusion: The study showed that recruiting girls who are not involved in organized sports or PA programs can result in a sample in which many are obese and in need of intervention, while avoiding stigmatization related to focusing only on the overweight and obese. Knowledge of factors related to obesity is important for targeting interventions to help girls achieve or maintain healthy weight.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDifferences in Socio-Demographic, Cognitive, and Behavioral Factors of Obese Versus Non-Obese Sedentary Girlsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155957-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Differences in Socio-Demographic, Cognitive, and Behavioral Factors of Obese Versus Non-Obese Sedentary Girls</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Vanden Bosch, Melodee L., MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Michigan State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Doctoral candidate</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">vande484@msu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lorraine B. Robbins PhD, RN, FNP-BC, Assistant Professor<br/>Yun-Jia Lo MS, Doctoral candidate<br/>Kimberly S. Maier PhD, Assistant Professor<br/>Karin A. Pfeiffer PhD, Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;Despite high prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescent girls, contributing factors remain unclear. The study purpose was to identify any differences in socio-demographic, behavioral, and cognitive factors between obese and non-obese 10- to 13-year-old girls.&nbsp; <br/>Methods:&nbsp;Baseline data from a longitudinal physical activity (PA) intervention study were analyzed. Girls were included in the study if they reported on a screening tool a lack of current involvement in organized sports or PA programs 3 or more days weekly. The convenience sample, 86 racially diverse 5th- through 7th- grade girls, was recruited from 11 elementary and 2 middle schools in one urban school district. <br/>Results:&nbsp;Descriptive findings indicated that 37.2% of the girls were obese (n=32). Compared to non-obese girls, obese girls had lower cardiovascular fitness (t (78) = 4.19, p&lt;.001, d = -0.95), fewer minutes of objectively-measured moderate to vigorous PA (t (67) = 2.68, p=.009, d = -0.66) and fewer hours of weekday computer use (t (70) = 2.08, p=.041, d = -0.50). No differences between obese versus non-obese girls were noted for race; free or reduced lunch program participation; intake of fruits, vegetables, sweetened or diet beverages, milk, or fried fast food; breakfast consumption; or other sedentary behaviors. While no cognitive differences occurred between obese and non-obese, 72.1% of the girls (n=62) indicated that being an exerciser or physically active person was very important to them at this time in their lives, yet they lacked adequate PA participation. <br/>Conclusion:&nbsp;The study showed that recruiting girls who are not involved in organized sports or PA programs can result in a sample in which many are obese and in need of intervention, while avoiding stigmatization related to focusing only on the overweight and obese. Knowledge of factors related to obesity is important for targeting interventions to help girls achieve or maintain healthy weight.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:19:05Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:19:05Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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