2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155960
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Stigma Related to HIV Among Health Care Workers in Chile
Abstract:
Stigma Related to HIV Among Health Care Workers in Chile
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Villegas, Natalia, RN, MSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Miami
Title:Research Assistant
Co-Authors:Nilda (Nena) Peragallo RN, DrPH, FAAN, Dean and Professor
Sarah M. Miner RN, MSN, Adjunct Instructor
Kathleen F. Norr PhD, Associate Professor
Lilian Ferrer PhD, Research Director
Rosina Cianelli PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, Associate Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: to examine the HIV-related stigmatizing attitudes reported by community nurses and other Health Care Workers (HWs) toward people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in Santiago, Chile.
Introduction: The HIV pandemic has severely affected people all over the world. When nurses and other HCWs have stigmatizing attitudes toward PLWHIV this leads to discriminatory treatment that interferes with prevention, treatment and care. There are no studies that explore in the presence of stigmatizing attitudes of Chilean HCWs.
Methods:  The study uses focus group data from the first phase of a larger study to develop and test an HIV prevention intervention for Chilean nurses and other HWs. Eight focus groups with a total of 84 participants (8-12 participants per group) were conducted with Nurses and other HWs in two communities in Santiago, Chile. Content analysis was used to analyze the data.
Results: Two central themes emerged: Societal Stigma and Discrimination towards PLWHIV and Healthcare System?s Policies Related to HIV. Both inaccurate fears of transmission among the general public, furthermore societal prejudices against homosexuals contributed to stigmatization and discrimination. Nurses and other HWs did not recognize their own stigmatizing attitudes or discriminatory behaviors, but their discussion indicated that these behaviors and attitudes did exist. Healthcare system issues identified included problems with confidentiality due to the desire to inform other Nurses and other HWs about client HIV status
Conclusion: HWs must be sensitized to the current stigmatization and misinformation associated with HIV and its negative impacts on persons living with HIV and the general community. Nurses, as leaders of the nursing teams, need mandatory education for HIV prevention that focuses on changing attitudes as well as sharing knowledge.  Also, the Chilean law protecting PLWHIV and the confidentiality of their medical care needs to be publicized along with guidelines for its enactment in health facilities.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStigma Related to HIV Among Health Care Workers in Chileen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155960-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Stigma Related to HIV Among Health Care Workers in Chile</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Villegas, Natalia, RN, MSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Miami</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Assistant</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">nvillegasr@miami.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Nilda (Nena) Peragallo RN, DrPH, FAAN, Dean and Professor<br/>Sarah M. Miner RN, MSN, Adjunct Instructor<br/>Kathleen F. Norr PhD, Associate Professor<br/>Lilian Ferrer PhD, Research Director<br/>Rosina Cianelli PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;to examine the HIV-related stigmatizing attitudes reported by community nurses and other Health Care Workers (HWs) toward people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in Santiago, Chile. <br/>Introduction: The HIV pandemic has severely affected people all over the world. When nurses and other HCWs have stigmatizing attitudes toward PLWHIV this leads to discriminatory treatment that interferes with prevention, treatment and care. There are no studies that explore in the presence of stigmatizing attitudes of Chilean HCWs. <br/>Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;The study uses focus group data from the first phase of a larger study to develop and test an HIV prevention intervention for Chilean nurses and other HWs. Eight focus groups with a total of 84 participants (8-12 participants per group) were conducted with Nurses and other HWs in two communities in Santiago, Chile. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. <br/>Results:&nbsp;Two central themes emerged: Societal Stigma and Discrimination towards PLWHIV and Healthcare System?s Policies Related to HIV. Both inaccurate fears of transmission among the general public, furthermore societal prejudices against homosexuals contributed to stigmatization and discrimination. Nurses and other HWs did not recognize their own stigmatizing attitudes or discriminatory behaviors, but their discussion indicated that these behaviors and attitudes did exist. Healthcare system issues identified included problems with confidentiality due to the desire to inform other Nurses and other HWs about client HIV status <br/>Conclusion:&nbsp;HWs must be sensitized to the current stigmatization and misinformation associated with HIV and its negative impacts on persons living with HIV and the general community. Nurses, as leaders of the nursing teams, need mandatory education for HIV prevention that focuses on changing attitudes as well as sharing knowledge.&nbsp; Also, the Chilean law protecting PLWHIV and the confidentiality of their medical care needs to be publicized along with guidelines for its enactment in health facilities.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:19:14Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:19:14Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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