Attitude intervention and experiential intervention: A comparative analysis of the effects upon nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155963
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Attitude intervention and experiential intervention: A comparative analysis of the effects upon nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients
Abstract:
Attitude intervention and experiential intervention: A comparative analysis of the effects upon nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Kemppainen, Jeanne, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of California
Purpose: The purpose of this research project was to test two educational interventions for their effectiveness in changing nurses' attitudes about AIDS patients.



Questions: l) What is the effect of an attitude intervention on nurses' attitudes towards AIDS patients? 2) What is the effect of an experiential intervention on nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients? 3) How does the data from the attitude and experiential groups compare and contrast to that of a control or non-intervention group?



Background: This study evaluated the effects of two educational interventions which are traditionally used to change attitudes and sensitivities in health care workers. Neither an attitude intervention (group discussion) nor a knowledge intervention (an educational program) produced a significant change in nurses' attitudes and beliefs about AIDS patients.



Methodology: Thirty six registered nurses were randomly assigned to either 1) an attitude intervention group (group discussions), 2) an experiential intervention group (providing direct patient care with a trainer), or 3) a control group. Subjects were evaluated with 3 standardized attitude measures which have been used in previous research, prior to the series of interventions and again at the completion of the interventions as a post-test.



Results: Repeated measures MANOVA showed no significant difference by group assignment and no change over time for any of the three groups. Pre-assessment data indicates that older subjects were more positively inclined towards AIDS patients.



Conclusions: Neither group discussions nor actual hands-on caring for AIDS patients produced significant positive or negative changes in nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients. Most nurses reported a willingness to provide care for AIDS patients. A strength for this study is the attempt to experimentally evaluate interventions which might increase nurses' comfort and confidence in providing AIDS patient care.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAttitude intervention and experiential intervention: A comparative analysis of the effects upon nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patientsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155963-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Attitude intervention and experiential intervention: A comparative analysis of the effects upon nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kemppainen, Jeanne, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of California</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">djkemp@ix.netcom.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: The purpose of this research project was to test two educational interventions for their effectiveness in changing nurses' attitudes about AIDS patients.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Questions: l) What is the effect of an attitude intervention on nurses' attitudes towards AIDS patients? 2) What is the effect of an experiential intervention on nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients? 3) How does the data from the attitude and experiential groups compare and contrast to that of a control or non-intervention group?<br/><br/><br/><br/>Background: This study evaluated the effects of two educational interventions which are traditionally used to change attitudes and sensitivities in health care workers. Neither an attitude intervention (group discussion) nor a knowledge intervention (an educational program) produced a significant change in nurses' attitudes and beliefs about AIDS patients.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Methodology: Thirty six registered nurses were randomly assigned to either 1) an attitude intervention group (group discussions), 2) an experiential intervention group (providing direct patient care with a trainer), or 3) a control group. Subjects were evaluated with 3 standardized attitude measures which have been used in previous research, prior to the series of interventions and again at the completion of the interventions as a post-test.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Results: Repeated measures MANOVA showed no significant difference by group assignment and no change over time for any of the three groups. Pre-assessment data indicates that older subjects were more positively inclined towards AIDS patients.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Conclusions: Neither group discussions nor actual hands-on caring for AIDS patients produced significant positive or negative changes in nurses' attitudes toward AIDS patients. Most nurses reported a willingness to provide care for AIDS patients. A strength for this study is the attempt to experimentally evaluate interventions which might increase nurses' comfort and confidence in providing AIDS patient care.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:19:26Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:19:26Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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