2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/155968
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nursing postvention for widows and widowers
Abstract:
Nursing postvention for widows and widowers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1992
Conference Date:August 6 - 8, 1992
Author:Constantino, Rose, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pittsburgh
Title:Associate Professor
Funded by: NIH, NCNR 1R01NR02108-01A2 1991-1994



The purpose of this research is to evaluate postvention during the

bereavement process of widows and widowers whose spouse died of

suicide. The specific aims are to (1) evaluate the efficacy of two

nursing postvention programs: the Bereavement Group Postvention

(BGP) in contrast with the Social Group Postvention (SGP) on the

level of depression, psychological distress, resolution of grief,

and social readjustment as measured by the Beck Depression

Inventory (BDI), and Grief Experience Inventory (GEI), the Brief

Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Social Adjust Scale (SAS), (2)

describe the early (1-28) months after spouses' suicide

psychological status of widows and widowers age 24 and older (who

volunteer for postvention as measured by the BDI, and GEI, the BSL,

and the SAS; and (3) describe the sociodemographic status of widows

and widowers age 24 and older whose spouse died of suicide (who

volunteer for postvention) including age, sex, race, religion,

education, income, and duration of marriage.



While much has been written about suicide prevention and

intervention, little attention has been focused on postvention

despite knowledge that postvention probably represents the largest

problem area needing attention. Levels of depression will be

measured by the BDI, levels of psychological distress, grief, and

grief resolution will be measured by the GEI and the BSI and levels

of social adjustment will be measured by the SAS.



The following hypotheses will be tested:

1. There will be a statistically significant difference between

the effects of BGP and SGP on levels of depression, psychological

distress, resolution of grief and social readjustment immediately

post treatment, six months post treatment, or 12 months post

treatment.

2. The change in levels of depression, psychological distress,

resolution of grief and social adjustment will be maintained over

one year from the post treatment period in BGP subjects as

contrasted with the SGP subjects.



Descriptive statistics (e.g., means, standard deviations,

percentages) will be calculated, as appropriate, for each outcome

measure at baseline, and at each follow-up timepoint. Comparisons

between the groups at baseline will be performed using t-tests for

normally distributed data. Non-parametric tests such as the

Wilcoxon test or chi-square test of association will be used for

data which cannot be transformed to be normally distributed. These

analyses will document the success of randomization, and identity

variables which may need to be adjusted in the analyses of outcome

measures.



If post treatment, the BGP and SGP differ in the decrease in levels

of depression, psychological distress, grief resolution, and in the

increase in levels of social adjustment or that the BGP is found to

be more effective than the SGP, this suggests that a

psychotherapeutic treatment group focused on coping may be planned

for survivors of suicide. If however, both groups do not differ,

than survivors of suicide may be able to select the type of group

intervention favorable and therapeutic to them. Those survivors of

suicide who may have negative attitudes about group intervention or

group therapy because of the label, may elect for a social group

Postvention. SGP could be included into the general services for

widows and widowers who survive the suicide of a spouse.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
6-Aug-1992
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNursing postvention for widows and widowersen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/155968-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Nursing postvention for widows and widowers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1992</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">August 6 - 8, 1992</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Constantino, Rose, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pittsburgh</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">rc0100+@pitt.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Funded by: NIH, NCNR 1R01NR02108-01A2 1991-1994<br/><br/><br/><br/>The purpose of this research is to evaluate postvention during the<br/><br/>bereavement process of widows and widowers whose spouse died of<br/><br/>suicide. The specific aims are to (1) evaluate the efficacy of two<br/><br/>nursing postvention programs: the Bereavement Group Postvention<br/><br/>(BGP) in contrast with the Social Group Postvention (SGP) on the<br/><br/>level of depression, psychological distress, resolution of grief,<br/><br/>and social readjustment as measured by the Beck Depression<br/><br/>Inventory (BDI), and Grief Experience Inventory (GEI), the Brief<br/><br/>Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Social Adjust Scale (SAS), (2)<br/><br/>describe the early (1-28) months after spouses' suicide<br/><br/>psychological status of widows and widowers age 24 and older (who<br/><br/>volunteer for postvention as measured by the BDI, and GEI, the BSL,<br/><br/>and the SAS; and (3) describe the sociodemographic status of widows<br/><br/>and widowers age 24 and older whose spouse died of suicide (who<br/><br/>volunteer for postvention) including age, sex, race, religion,<br/><br/>education, income, and duration of marriage.<br/><br/><br/><br/>While much has been written about suicide prevention and<br/><br/>intervention, little attention has been focused on postvention<br/><br/>despite knowledge that postvention probably represents the largest<br/><br/>problem area needing attention. Levels of depression will be<br/><br/>measured by the BDI, levels of psychological distress, grief, and<br/><br/>grief resolution will be measured by the GEI and the BSI and levels<br/><br/>of social adjustment will be measured by the SAS.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The following hypotheses will be tested:<br/><br/>1. There will be a statistically significant difference between<br/><br/>the effects of BGP and SGP on levels of depression, psychological<br/><br/>distress, resolution of grief and social readjustment immediately<br/><br/>post treatment, six months post treatment, or 12 months post<br/><br/>treatment.<br/><br/>2. The change in levels of depression, psychological distress,<br/><br/>resolution of grief and social adjustment will be maintained over<br/><br/>one year from the post treatment period in BGP subjects as<br/><br/>contrasted with the SGP subjects.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Descriptive statistics (e.g., means, standard deviations,<br/><br/>percentages) will be calculated, as appropriate, for each outcome<br/><br/>measure at baseline, and at each follow-up timepoint. Comparisons<br/><br/>between the groups at baseline will be performed using t-tests for<br/><br/>normally distributed data. Non-parametric tests such as the<br/><br/>Wilcoxon test or chi-square test of association will be used for<br/><br/>data which cannot be transformed to be normally distributed. These<br/><br/>analyses will document the success of randomization, and identity<br/><br/>variables which may need to be adjusted in the analyses of outcome<br/><br/>measures.<br/><br/><br/><br/>If post treatment, the BGP and SGP differ in the decrease in levels<br/><br/>of depression, psychological distress, grief resolution, and in the<br/><br/>increase in levels of social adjustment or that the BGP is found to<br/><br/>be more effective than the SGP, this suggests that a<br/><br/>psychotherapeutic treatment group focused on coping may be planned<br/><br/>for survivors of suicide. If however, both groups do not differ,<br/><br/>than survivors of suicide may be able to select the type of group<br/><br/>intervention favorable and therapeutic to them. Those survivors of<br/><br/>suicide who may have negative attitudes about group intervention or<br/><br/>group therapy because of the label, may elect for a social group<br/><br/>Postvention. SGP could be included into the general services for<br/><br/>widows and widowers who survive the suicide of a spouse.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T14:19:42Z-
dc.date.issued1992-08-06en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T14:19:42Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.